Alexandra of Denmark 1844 – 1925

 

Alexandra of Denmark

 

Father – Christian IX of Denmark
Mother – Louise of Hesse-Kassel
Spouse – King Edward VII of Great Britain
Children – Albert, George, Louise, Victoria, Maud, Alexander

 

 

 

1844 (1st December)
A daughter, Alexandra Caroline Marie Charlotte Louise Julia, was born to Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg and Princess Louise of Hesse-Kassel at the Yellow Palace in Copenhagen, Denmark.
1847 (26th November)
Alexandra’s sister, Marie Sophie Frederikke Dagmar, was born to Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg and Princess Louise of Hesse-Kassel at the Yellow Palace in Copenhagen, Denmark. She was known as Dagmar.
1848 (20th January)
King Christian VIII of Denmark died. He was succeeded by his son, Frederick VII.
1852 (during)
It became clear that King Frederick VII would not father children. A conference was held to determine the succession and it was decided that Alexandra’s father would be heir to the throne.
1852 (during)
Following the announcement that Alexandra’s father was heir to the throne, the family moved to Bernstorff Palace.
1853 (29th September)
Alexandra’s sister, Thyra Amalie Caroline Charlotte Anna, was born to Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg and Princess Louise of Hesse-Kassel.
1858 (27th October)
Alexandra’s brother, Valdemar, was born to Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg and Princess Louise of Hesse-Kassel at the Bernstorff Palace, Denmark.
1861 (24th September)
Alexandra met Prince Albert of England while he was in Germany watching military manoeuvres. The meeting had been set up by Queen Victoria of England who had determined that the couple should marry.
1862 (9th September)
Prince Albert of England, known as Bertie, proposed to Alexandra at the Royal Castle of Laeken, home of King Leopold I of Belgium.
1863 (7th March)
Alexandra landed at Gravesend, Kent, England, having travelled by the royal yacht Victoria and Albert II from Denmark.
1863 (10th March)
Albert married Princess Alexandra of Denmark, daughter of King Christian IX of Denmark at St George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle. The ceremony was performed by Thomas Longley, Archbishop of Canterbury. The couple lived at Marlborough House London and Sandringham House in Norfolk.
1863 (30th March)
Alexandra’s brother, William, became King George I of Greece.
1863 (15th November)
Alexandra’s father became King Christian IX of Denmark after Frederick VII died.
1864 (8th January)
A son, Albert Victor Christian Edward was born to Alexandra and Bertie at Frogmore House, Windsor.
1864 (during)
Alexandra’s sister, Dagmar, became engaged to Nicholas, heir to the Russian throne.
1864 (1st February)
Alexandra was upset when German forces invaded Denmark. She never forgave Germany for their action that resulted in the loss of Danish land to Germany.
1865 (22nd April)
Alexandra’s sister’s fiance, Nicholas, heir to the Russian throne, died.
1865 (3rd June)
A son, George Frederick Ernest Albert was born to Bertie and Alexandra at Marlborough House, London.
1866 (June)
Alexandra’s sister, Dagmar, became engaged to Alexander, heir to the Russian throne.
1866 (9th November
Alexandra’s sister, Dagmar, married to Alexander, heir to the Russian throne. She changed her name on her marriage to Maria Feodorovna. Alexandra was unable to attend the wedding because she was pregnant but her husband Bertie attended.
1867 (20th February)
A daughter, Louise Victoria Alexandra Dagmar was born to Bertie and Alexandra at Marlborough House, London.
1867 (Spring)
Alexandra developed rheumatic fever. She survived the illness but was left with a permanent limp.
1867 (around)
Alexandra’s husband, Bertie, had an affair with Lady Susan Vane-Tempest.
1868 (April)
Alexandra and Bertie made a visit of Ireland.
1868 (6th July)
A daughter, Victoria Alexandra Olga Mary was born to Alexandra and Bertie at Marlborough House, London.
1868 (Autumn)
Alexandra and Bertie began a six month tour which included visits to Greece, Egypt, Turkey and Austria.
1869 (26th November)
A daughter, Maud Charlotte Mary Victoria was born to Alexandra and Bertie at Marlborough House, London.
1871 (during)
Alexandra’s husband, Bertie was taken ill with typhoid but recovered from the illness.
1871 (6th April)
A son, Alexander John Charles Albert was born to Bertie and Alexandra at Sandringham House, Norfolk.
1871 (7th April)
Bertie’s son, Alexander John Charles Albert died at Sandringham House, Norfolk.
1873 (around)
Alexandra’s husband, Bertie, had an affair with opera singer Hortnese Schneider.
1875 (October)
Alexandra was left in England when her husband, Bertie, made an eight month tour of the Indian sub-continent.
1877 (Spring)
Alexandra made a visit to her brother in Greece.
1877 (late)
Bertie began an affair with the actress Lillie Langtry who was married.
1879 (July)
It was rumoured that Bertie would be cited in divorce proceedings brought by Lillie Langtry’s husband and this was published in the paper ‘Town Talk’ by Adolphus Rosenberg. Lillie had begun an affair with the Earl of Shrewsbury and the two were planning to run away together. Bertie sued Rosenberg for libel. Rosenberg pleaded guilty and was sentenced to two years in prison.
1880 (during)
Bertie spent time in the company of the actress Sarah Bernhardt who was performing in London.
1881 (March)
Alexandra and Bertie travelled to Russia for the funeral of Alexander II who had been assassinated. Alexandra’s sister was now Tsarina of Russia.
1885 (around)
Bertie had an affair with Lady Randolph Churchill, mother of Winston Churchill.
1886 (during)
Bertie had an affair with Daisy Greville, Countess of Warwick.
1891 (during)
Bertie was at the centre of a scandal regarding an illegal card game. He had been present at the game where one of the players subsequently sued another for cheating. Bertie was called as a witness.
1891 (late)
Alexandra’s eldest son, Albert, became engaged to Princess Victoria Mary of Teck.
1892 (14th January)
Alexandra’s eldest son, Albert, died of pneumonia at Sandringham House, Norfolk.
1894 (1st November)
Alexandra’s brother-in-law, Alexander III of Russia died. Her nephew Nicholas became Tsar Nicholas II of Russia.
1898 (during)
Bertie began an affair with Alice Keppel.
1898 (29th September)
Alexandra’s mother died.
1900 (4th April)
Alexandra’s husband Bertie survived an attempted assassination attempt when he was shot at while travelling through Belgium.
1901 (22nd January)
Alexander’s husband, Bertie became King Edward VII when Queen Victoria died at Osborne Palace, Isle of Wight.
1901 (March)
Alexandra’s son and daughter-in-law, George and Mary, made a tour of the Empire. Their children were left with Alexandra and Edward.
1902 (24th June)
Alexandra’s husband King Edward VII was taken ill with appendicitis and underwent surgery.
1902 (9th August)
Edward and Alexandra were crowned King and Queen at Westminster Abbey.
1903 (May)
Edward made an official visit to France where he developed a good rapport with the French President Emile Loubet which smoothed the way for the negotiation of a treaty between Britain and France.
1904 (8th April)
Entente Cordiale
This was a treaty of mutual assistance signed by Britain and France.
1905 (Autumn)
Alexandra and Edward looked after their grandchildren again when George and Mary made a tour of British India.
1906 (29th January)
Alexandra’s father, King Christian IX of Denmark died.
1907 (during)
Alexandra and her sister Maria Feodorovna, purchased a property in Denmark to retain links to the country and also as a holiday home5.
1910 (early Spring)
Alexandra made a visit to her brother King George I of Greece.
1910 (March)
Edward was taken ill at Biarritz.
1910 (27th April)
Edward returned to England but was still ill with bronchitis.
1910 (5th May)
Alexandra returned to England.
1910 (6th May)
Alexandra’s husband, Edward suffered a heart attack. He died later that night. He was succeeded by his son as King George V.
1910 (20th May)
Edward was buried at Windsor Castle, London.
1910 (Autumn)
Alexandra moved out of Buckingham Palace to Marlborough House.
1911 (22nd June)
Alexandra’s son, George, was crowned King George V and Mary of Teck was crowned Queen Consort at Westminster Abbey. Alexandra did not attend the ceremony as it is not customary for a crowned queen to attend a coronation.
1917 (15th March)
Revolution in Russia overthrew Alexandra’s nephew, Tsar Nicholas II and he was forced to abdicate.
1918 (17th July)
Alexandra’s nephew, Nicholas II of Russia and his family were assassinated at Yekaterinburg, Russia.
1919 (during)
Alexandra’s sister, Maria Feodorovna was rescued from Russia and came to England.
1920 (during)
Alexandra was left blind in one eye after a blood vessel burst.
1925 (20th November)
Alexandra suffered a heart attack and died at Sandringham.

 

Published May 02, 2018 @ 2:42 pm – Updated – May 2, 2018 @ 3:02 pm

 

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2018). Alexandra of Denmark 1844 – 1925. Available: http://www.totallytimelines.com/alexandra-of-denmark-1844-1925. Last accessed May 28th, 2018

 

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