Anne Neville 1456 – 1485

Anne Neville

 

This timeline details the life of Anne Neville, daughter of Warwick the Kingmaker, wife of Henry VI’s son, Edward and wife of Richard III, from her birth in 1456 to her death in 1485.

 

1456 (11th June
A daughter, Anne was born to Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick and Anne Beauchamp at Warwick Castle. Anne’s father had previously been an advisor to King Henry VI but had switched his allegiance to Richard of York after the King had given preferrment to the Duke of Somerset.
1458 (during)
Anne’s father, Richard Neville fled to Calais after coming into conflict with Henry VI.
1460 (26th June)
Anne’s father and Edward Earl of March, son of Richard of York landed at Sandwich at the head of an army and marched towards London.
1460 (10th July)
Battle of Northampton
Anne’s father and Edward, Earl of March defeated the Lancastrians and captured Henry VI. Margaret of Anjou and Prince Edward fled to Harlech Castle.
1460 (30th December)
Battle of Wakefield
Richard of York, who Anne’s father had hoped to make King, was killed in this battle.
1460 (31st December)
Following Lancastrian victory at Wakefield, Henry VI was released from captivity but was still mentally unstable and as a consequence was unfit to rule.
1461 (January)
Anne’s father put forward Richard Duke of York’s son, Edward as claimant to the throne.
1461 (late February)
Anne’s father and Edward of York joined forces and marched towards London.
1461 (4th March)
Edward of York took the throne as Edward IV with Anne’s father, Warwick, as his chief advisor.
1461 (28th June)
Edward IV was crowned King at Westminster Abbey.
1461 (after June)
Anne’s father, Warwick, was the real power behind the crown and made decisions and shaped policy.
1462 (during)
Anne’s father was created High Admiral of England and Steward of the Duchy of Lancaster.
1462 (Summer)
Anne’s father successfully negotiated a truce with Scotland.
1463 (late March)
Anne’s father negotiated a truce with France which would be sealed with the marriage of Edward IV to the French King’s sister.
1464 (September)
Anne’s father was furious when Edward IV announced his marriage to Elizabeth Woodville.
1465 (during)
Richard, younger brother of King Edward IV, began his education in Anne’s house.
1466 (during)
Anne’s father, Warwick, had a further disagreement with the King after he made the Queen’s father, Baron Rivers, treasurer. Rivers pressed for an alliance with the Burgundians bringing him into conflict with Warwick who favoured a French alliance.
1467 (October)
Anne’s father, Warwick, learned that Edward had gone behind his back and signed a treaty with the Burgundians. Warwick was frustrated and annoyed that Edward favoured his wife’s relatives rather than his trusted advisors.
1469 (Spring)
Richard, brother of King Edward, was removed from Warwick’s household as relations with the King broke down.
1469 (April)
Anne’s father, Warwick, secretly organised a rebellion against Edward in the North. The rebellion, known as Robin of Redesdale’s Rebellion, was quickly put down by the Yorkists.
1469 (26th July)
Battle of Edgecote Moor
Anne’s father, Warwick, raised an army of northern rebels led by Sir John Conyers, Edward’s cousin. They defeated a force of Welsh loyalists led by William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke.
1469 (late July)
Anne’s father, Warwick, captured Edward IV, and executed Baron Rivers and his son. He tried to rule in Edward’s name but he was not supported by the nobility.
1469 (late July)
Anne’s elder sister, Isabel, married George Duke of Clarence, brother of King Edward IV.
1469 (August)
Anne’s father, Warwick, moved Edward IV to Middleham Castle where he remained under house arrest.
1469 (10th September)
Anne’s father, Warwick, was forced to release Edward IV.
1469 (October)
Anne’s father tried to work with King Edward IV but the relationship broke down again.
1470 (12th March)
Battle of Losecoat Field
Anne’s father, Warwick and George Duke of Clarence, with Lancastrian support, rebelled against Edward but were defeated. They fled to France.
1470 (1st May)
Anne’s father, Warwick, made an alliance with Margaret of Anjou.
1470 (25th July)
Anne was betrothed to the son of King Henry VI, Edward, Prince of Wales at Angers Cathedral.
1470 (13th September)
Anne’s father, Warwick and the Duke of Clarence at the head of an army returned to England and landed at Plymouth.
1470 (30th October)
Henry VI was restored to the English throne with Warwick as chief minister.
1470 (13th December)
Anne married Henry VI’s son and heir, Edward, at the Chateau d’Amboise.
1471 (14th March)
Edward IV returned to England at the head of a Burgundian, Yorkist army. Anne’s brother-in-law, George Duke of Clarence joined them.
1471 (14th April)
Battle of Barnet
Anne’s father was killed fleeing from the Yorkists after they won this battle.
1471 (after 14th April)
Anne’s mother sought sanctuary from the Yorkists in Beaulieu Abbey but Anne stayed with her husband and the Lancastrian army.
1471 (4th May)
Battle of Tewekesbury
Anne’s husband, Edward, Prince of Wales, was killed in this battle.
1471 (21st May)
Edward IV returned triumphant to London. It is believed that Henry VI was murdered in the Tower of London on the same day.
1471 (late May)
Anne had been taken by her sister Isabel, who was married to George Duke of Clarence who had recently joined the Yorkist cause. George knew his brother Richard wanted to marry Anne but he wanted to prevent the marriage because Richard would be entitled to a share of Warwick’s estate. Anne was held under virtual house arrest.
1472 (February)
Anne received a proposal of marriage from Edward IV’s brother Richard.
1472 (12th July)
Anne married Richard Duke of Gloucester at Westminster Abbey. The marriage gave Richard the rights to Warwick’s northern estates as well as the support of many of his former supporters in the North. They made their home at Middleham Castle in Yorkshire.
1473 (June)
Anne’s mother, Anne de Beauchamp, dowager Countess of Warwick, joined Anne and Richard at Middleham Castle.
1473 (December)
A son, Edward was born to Anne and Richard Duke of Gloucester at Middleham Castle, Yorkshire. He was known as Edward of Middleham
1476 (22nd December)
Anne’s sister, Isabel, died. Her husband believed she had been murdered but it is more likely she died from complications following the birth of her son, Richard or from tuberculosis.
1477 (during)
Anne and her husband, Richard, joined the Corpus Christi Guild of York.
1478 (18th February)
Anne’s brother-in-law, George Duke of Clarence, was tried for treason and executed.
1482 (July)
Anne’s husband, Richard, invaded Scotland.
1482 (24th August)
Anne’s husband, Richard re-took Berwick from the Scots.
1483 (9th April)
King Edward IV died at the Palace of Westminster. He had nominated his brother, Anne’s husband, Richard as Lord High Protector.
1483 (16th April)
Anne’s husband, Richard, wrote to the young King Edward V pledging loyalty.
1483 (23rd April)
Anne’s husband, Richard, left York to travel to London.
1483 (30th April)
Anne’s husband, Richard Duke of Gloucester met Edward V and his party as they were travelling south. He arrested Earl Rivers, Richard Grey and Thomas Vaughan and sent them north where they were placed in captivity. He took then captured Edward and continued on to the Tower of London.
1483 (4th May)
Anne’s husband, Richard with Edward V reached London.
1483 (8th May)
Anne’s husband, Richard was officially appointed Lord Protector.
1483 (19th May)
Anne’s husband, Richard placed Edward V in the Tower of London to await his coronation.
1483 (16th June)
Anne’s husband, Richard, persuaded Elizabeth Woodville to give up custody of King Edward V’s brother Richard. The young prince Richard joined his brother in the Tower of London.
1483 (22nd June)
Ralph Shaw preached a sermon stating that Edward IV had been contracted to marry Eleanor Butler when he married Elizabeth Woodville and that the marriage was therefore invalid and his children all illegitimate.
1483 (25th June)
Parliament declared that as Edward IV’s marriage to Elizabeth Woodville was invalid and the children of Richard of Gloucester’s older brother, George Duke of Clarence had been denied succession rights, then Richard was the rightful King.
1483 (26th June)
Anne’s husband, Richard, Duke of Gloucester, took the throne as Richard III.
1483 (6th July)
Richard was crowned King Richard III, and Anne was crowned Queen consort in Westminster Abbey.
1483 (mid July)
Anne and Richard, accompanied by their son left London to make a progress of the country.
1483 (August)
The princes, Edward and Richard were last seen at the windows of the Tower. It was rumoured that Richard had murdered them.
1483 (24th August)
Anne and Richard’s son, Edward, was created Prince of Wales.
1483 (29th August)
Anne and Richard reached York on their progress. They were well received by the city.
1483 (25th December)
Henry Tudor announced that he was the rightful King of England and that when he took the throne he would marry Edward IV’s eldest daughter, Elizabeth of York.
1484 (January)
Anne, Richard and their son, made a progress of Kent.
1484 (23rd January)
Titulus Regius
This act, passed by Parliament, formally declared Richard to be lawful King and settled the succession on his son Edward. The children of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville were legally declared illegitimate.
1484 (9th April)
Anne and Richard’s son, Edward died.
1485 (16th March)
Anne died, probably of tuberculosis.

 

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2017). Anne Neville 1456 – 1485 Timeline. Available: http://www.totallytimelines.com/anne-neville-1456-1485 Last accessed October 21st, 2017

 

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