Elizabeth of York 1466 – 1503

Elizabeth of York

 

This timeline details the life of Elizabeth of York, daughter of Edward IV, sister of Edward V, wife of Henry VII mother of Henry VIII from her birth in 1466 to her death in 1503

 

 

1466 (11th February)
A daughter, Elizabeth, was born to King Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville at the Palace of Westminster.
1466 (after 11th February)
Elizabeth was christened. Her godparents were her grandmothers, Jacquetta of Luxembourg Duchess of Bedford and Cecily Neville Duchess of York and her cousin, Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick.
1467 (11th August)
Elizabeth’s sister, Mary, was born to Edward and Elizabeth Woodville at Windsor Castle.
1469 (during)
Elizabeth was betrothed to George Neville, nephew of the Earl of Warwick.
1469 (20th March)
Elizabeth’s sister, Cecily, was born to Edward and Elizabeth Woodville at the Palace of Westminster.
1469 (late July)
Elizabeth’s father was captured by the Earl of Warwick acting on behalf of the Lancastrians. Elizabeth’s grandfather Baron Rivers, and her uncle were executed. With Edward in captivity he married his daughter to George Duke of Clarence. Warwick then attempted to rule in Edward’s name but he was not supported by the nobility.
1469 (August)
Warwick moved Elizabeth’s father, Edward IV, to Middleham Castle where he remained under house arrest.
1469 (10th September)
Elizabeth’s father was released from captivity after Warwick failed to gain the support of the nobility for his takeover and the country was descending into chaos.
1469 (October)
Elizabeth’s father tried to work with Warwick but the relationship broke down and after losing the Battle of Lose Coat Field, Warwick fled to France.
1470 (during)
Elizabeth’s betrothal to George Neville was called off.
1470 (13th September)
Warwick and the Duke of Clarence at the head of an army returned to England and landed at Plymouth.
1470 (2nd October)
In the face of mounting opposition from Warwick, Elizabeth’s father, Edward fled to Burgundy. Elizabeth, her sisters and her mother, Elizabeth Woodville, who was heavily pregnant, sought sanctuary in Westminster Abbey
1470 (3rd October)
Henry VI was restored to the English throne with Warwick as chief minister.
1470 (2nd November)
Elizabeth’s brother, Edward, was born to Edward and Elizabeth Woodville in Westminster Abbey.
1470 (November)
Elizabeth’s father’s titles and lands were confiscated by Parliament.
1471 (14th March)
Elizabeth’s father returned to England, landing at Ravenspur in Yorkshire at the head of a Burgundian Yorkist army. He was joined by the Earl of Northumberland and his brother George Duke of Clarence who had defected from Warwick.
1471 (14th April)
Battle of Barnet
Elizabeth’s father, Edward, defeated the Lancastrians at this battle. His adversary, Warwick was killed.
1471 (25th June)
Elizabeth’s brother, Edward was created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester.
1471 (4th May)
Battle of Tewekesbury
Elizabeth’s father, Edward, supported by his brother, Richard of Gloucester, attacked Margaret of Anjou’s forces as they were leaving for Wales. The Lancastrians were defeated and Edward, Prince of Wales, was killed. Margaret of Anjou was captured.
1471 (June)
Henry Tudor, son of Edmund Tudor and Margaret Beaufort, grandson of Catherine of Valois, wife of Henry V, by her second marriage to Owen Tudor, the last remaining Lancastrian hope for the crown, fled to Brittany with his uncle, Jaspar Tudor.
1471 (mid May)
King Edward returned triumphant to London. It is believed that Henry was murdered in the Tower of London on the same day. Margaret of Anjou was placed under house arrest.
1472 (10th April)
Elizabeth’s sister, Margaret, was born to Edward and Elizabeth Woodville at Windsor Castle.
1472 (12th July)
Elizabeth’s uncle, Richard Duke of Gloucester, married Anne Neville, daughter of the Earl of Warwick.
1472 (11th December)
Elizabeth’s sister, Margaret, died.
1473 (17th August)
Elizabeth’s brother, Richard, was born to Edward and Elizabeth Woodville at the Dominican Friary, Shrewsbury.
1474 (28th May)
Elizabeth’s brother, Richard, was created Duke of York.
1475 (during)
Edward IV negotiated a marriage for Elizabeth with Charles, Dauphin of France.
1475 (2nd November)
Elizabeth’s sister, Anne, was born to Edward and Elizabeth Woodville at the Palace of Westminster.
1477 (during)
Elizabeth was created Lady of the Garter.
1477 (March)
Elizabeth’s brother, George, was born to Edward and Elizabeth Woodville at the Palace of Westminster.
1478 (15th January)
Elizabeth’s brother, Richard, Duke of York aged four was married to Anne de Mowbray, Countess of Norfolk, aged five.
1478 (18th February)
Elizabeth’s uncle, George Duke of Clarence was tried for treason and executed.
1479 (March)
Elizabeth’s brother, George, died at Windsor Castle.
1479 (8th July)
Elizabeth’s brother, Edward, was created Earl of March.
1479 (14th August)
Elizabeth’s sister, Katherine, was born to Edward and Elizabeth Woodville at Eltham Palace, Kent.
1480 (20th November)
Elizabeth’s sister, Bridget, was born to Edward and Elizabeth Woodville at Eltham Palace, Kent.
1482 (during)
Louis XI repudiated the marriage treaty for Elizabeth and the Dauphin, Charles.
1482 (23rd May)
Elizabeth’s sister, Mary, died at Greenwich Palace, Westminster.
1483 (Easter)
Elizabeth’s father became ill. He nominated his brother, Richard Duke of Gloucester to be regent for his young son Edward in the event of his death.
1483 (9th April)
Elizabeth’s father, Edward died at the Palace of Westminster. He was succeeded by his son, Edward.
1483 (24th April)
Elizabeth’s brother, Edward, who had been living with his Woodville relatives in the north, began the journey south to London.
1483 (30th April)
Elizabeth’s uncle, Richard Duke of Gloucester met Edward and his party as they were travelling south. He arrested Elizabeth’s Earl Rivers, Richard Grey and Thomas Vaughan and sent them north where they were placed in captivity. He took then captured Edward and continued on to the Tower of London.
1483 (1st May)
Elizabeth’s mother, Elizabeth Woodville, her brothers Richard amd Lionel and her four sisters sought sanctuary at Westminster Abbey.
1483 (8th May)
Elizabeth’s uncle Richard was officially appointed Lord Protector.
1483 (19th May)
Elizabeth’s brother Edward was placed in the Tower of London.
1483 (16th June)
Elizabeth’s uncle Richard persuaded Elizabeth’s mother to put Prince Richard into his care. It is believed that she had been persuaded to give him up in the hopes of maintaining the safety of her other children.
1483 (22nd June)
Ralph Shaw preached a sermon stating that Edward IV had been contracted to marry Eleanor Butler when he married Elizabeth Woodville and that the marriage was therefore invalid and his children all illegitimate.
1483 (25th June)
Parliament declared that as Edward IV’s marriage to Elizabeth Woodville was invalid and the children of Richard of Gloucester’s older brother, George Duke of Clarence had been denied succession rights, then Richard was the rightful King.
1483 (25th June)
Elizabeth’s grandfather, Earl River was found guilty of treason and executed the same day.
1483 (26th June)
Elizabeth’s uncle, Richard, Duke of Gloucester, took the throne as Richard III.
1483 (July)
Elizabeth’s brothers, Edward and Richard were last seen playing in the gardens of the Tower.
1483 (6th July)
Richard, Duke of Gloucester, took the throne as Richard III.
1483 (August)
Elizabeth’s brothers, Edward and Richard were last seen at the windows of the Tower.
1483 (December)
Following discussions between Elizabeth’s mother, Elizabeth Woodville and Margaret Beaufort, Henry Tudor announced that once he had taken the English throne he would marry Elizabeth of York.
1484 (23rd January)
Titulus Regius
This act, passed by Parliament, formally declared Richard to be lawful King and settled the succession on his son Edward. The children of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville were declared illegitimate.
1484 (1st March)
Elizabeth’s mother paid homage to Richard so that she could leave sanctuary with her daughters and return to court.
1485 (March)
Following rumours that he was intending to marry Elizabeth, Richard III sent Elizabeth to the castle at Sherrif Hutton.
1485 (7th August)
The Lancastrian, Henry Tudor landed at Milford Haven in Wales at the head of an army to challenge Richard’s place on the throne.
1485 (18th August)
King Richard called his army to muster at Leicester.
1485 (22nd August)
Battle of Bosworth Field
This decisive battle between the forces of Henry Tudor and Richard III, saw Richard killed and Henry proclaimed King Henry VII on the battlefield.
1485 (November)
Henry VII’s first parliament repudiated Titulus Regius (1483) legitimising Elizabeth and her family.
1486 (18th January)
Elizabeth married Henry Tudor at Westminster Abbey.
1486 (March)
Elizabeth and Henry embarked on a progress of the north of England.
1486 (20th September)
A son, Arthur, was born to Elizabeth and Henry VII at St Swithun’s Priory in Winchester.
1487 (January)
A pretender to the throne, Lambert Simnel, claimed to be Elizabeth’s cousin, Edward Earl of Warwick.
1487 (16th June)
The pretender, Lambert Simnel, was captured and set to work in the royal kitchens.
1487 (25th November)
Elizabeth was crowned Queen at Westminster Abbey.
1489 (28th November)
A daughter, Margaret, was born to Elizabeth and Henry VII at the Palace of Westminster. She was named after her paternal grandmother, Margaret Beaufort.
1489 (29th November)
Elizabeth’s son, Arthur, was made Prince of Wales, Earl of Chester and a Knight of the Bath.
1491 (8th May)
Elizabeth’s son, Arthur, was made a Knight of the Garter.
1491 (28th June)
A son, Henry, was born to Elizabeth and Henry VII at Greenwich Palace.
1491 (31st October)
Elizabeth’s son, Henry was made a Knight of the Bath.
1491 (November)
Perkin Warbeck, a new pretender to the throne emerged. He claimed to be Elizabeth’s brother Richard Duke of York.
1492 (8th June)
Elizabeth’s mother, Elizabeth Woodville, died at Bermondsey Abbey.
1492 (2nd July)
A daughter, Elizabeth, was born to Elizabeth and Henry VII at Sheen Palace in Surrey.
1494 (31st October)
Elizabeth’s son, Henry, was made Duke of York.
1495 (17th May)
Elizabeth’s son, Henry, was made a Knight of the Garter.
1495 (14th September)
Elizabeth’s daughter, Elizabeth, died of atrophy.
1496 (18th March)
A daughter, Mary, was born to Elizabeth and Henry VII at Richmond Palace.
1498 (during)
A son, Edward was born to Elizabeth and Henry VII.
1499 (during)
Elizabeth’s son, Edward died.
1499 (21st February)
A son, Edmund was born to Elizabeth and Henry VII at Greenwich Palace.
1499 (23rd November)
The pretender, Perkin Warbeck, who had claimed to be Elizabeth’s brother, Richard of York, was executed.
1500 (19th June)
Elizabeth’s son, Edmund, died at the Old Palace, Hatfield.
1501 (14th November)
Elizabeth’s son, Arthur, married Catherine of Aragon at St Paul’s Cathedral.
1502 (2nd April)
Elizabeth’s son, Arthur, died at Ludlow Castle.
1502 (2nd April)
The death of Prince Arthur meant that Prince Henry became Duke of Cornwall.
1503 (January)
Elizabeth went to the Tower of London to prepare for the birth of her seventh child.
1503 (2nd February)
A daughter, Katherine, was born to Elizabeth and Henry VII in the Tower of London.
1503 (11th February)
Elizabeth died from complications following the birth of her daughter, Katherine.
1503 (24th February)
Elizabeth was buried in Westminster Abbey.

 

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2017). Elizabeth of York 1466 – 1503. Available: http://www.totallytimelines.com/elizabeth-of-york-1466-1503 Last accessed October 21st, 2017

 

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