Isabella of France 1295 – 1358

 

Isabella of France

Father – King Philip IV of France
Mother – Joan of Navarre
Spouse – King Edward II of England
Children – Edward, John, Eleanor, Joan

 

 

 

1295 (during)
A daughter, Isabella, was born to King Philip IV of France and Joan of Navarre in Paris.
1299 (8th September)
It was also agreed that Isabella would marry Prince Edward of England when she came of age.
1307 (8th July)
Isabella’s betrothed became King Edward II of England following the death of his father, Edward I.
1308 (25th January)
Isabella married King Edward II of England at Boulogne Cathedral, France. She was dismayed when her new husband seemed to prefer the company of Piers Gaveston.
1308 (25th February)
Edward and Isabella were crowned at Westminster Abbey.
1308 (during February)
The English barons were becoming increasingly concerned about the power wielded by Piers Gaveston.
1308 (April)
The barons, supported by Isabella and her father, Philip IV of France and probably Margaret, second wife of Edward I, again complained about the power and influence wielded by Piers Gaveston. Edward reluctantly agreed to send Gaveston away and gave him the title Lieutenant of Ireland before sending him to Ireland.
1310 (January)
Parliament was scheduled to meet but a great number of nobles stayed away as a protest against the power given to Gaveston
1311 (October)
Under immense pressure Edward was forced to accept the Ordinances – a list of terms that limited the power of the monarch and ordered that Gaveston be exiled.
1311 (December)
By the end of 1311 Edward was facing opposition from many of the English barons.
1312 (January)
Edward revoked the Ordinances and recalled Gaveston to England.
1312 (Late January)
Edward’s actions had served to further alienate the barons. The barons met secretly in London and drew up a plan to capture both Edward, Isabella and Gaveston.
1312 (Spring)
Edward, Isabella and Gaveston fled north but were followed by the Earls of Lancaster and Pembroke. In an attempt to outwit their pursuers Edward and Isabella went to York leaving Gaveston at Scarborough.
1312 (Late Spring)
Gaveston surrendered to the Earl of Pembroke who took him south. However, on the way Gaveston was seized by the Earl of Warwick who took him to Warwick Castle.
1312 (18th June)
The Earl of Warwick conducted a show trial which found Gaveston guilty of treason.
1312 (19th June)
Piers Gaveston was executed.
1312 (ater 19th June)
Edward was furious when he heard the news of Gaveston’s death and vowed to seek revenge. However, civil war was averted when the Earls of Pembroke and Surrey pledged their support to Edward.
1312 (13th November)
A son, Edward was born to Isabella and Edward II.
1313 (during)
With most of the nobles back on side, Edward was able to secure a grant of money from Parliament to reclaim land in Scotland taken by Robert Bruce.
1313 (June)
Isabella and Edward made a visit to France. During the night the tent they were sleeping in caught fire and Isabella had to be carried to safety. She escaped with only minor burns.
1314 (23rd-24th June)
The English were defeated by the Scots at the Battle of Bannockburn.
1314 (Autumn)
The harvest was very poor in this year leading to a rise in food prices. People blamed the poor harvest on Edward’s defeat at Bannockburn.
1316 (13th August)
A second son, John was born to Isabella and Edward II at Eltham Palace.
1318 (During)
Edward had two new favourites, Hugh Despensor and his son also named Hugh. Edward gave lavish gifts and money to both men.
1318 (13th June)
A daughter, Eleanor, was born to Isabella and Edward II.
1318 (Autumn)
The barons once again turned against Edward due to the favouritism shown to the Despensors and called for the Ordinances to be re-introduced and the Despensors exiled.
1321 (February)
Civil War broke out between Edward and the Despensors and the Barons led by Roger Mortimer.
1321 (5th July)
A daughter, Joan, was born to Isabella and Edward II. She was known as Joan of the Tower because she was born in the Tower of London.
1321 (August)
Roger Mortimer’s forces were unable to take London.
1322 (16th March)
Edward defeated the Earl of Lancaster at the Battle of Broughbridge
1322 (22nd March)
Thomas Earl of Lancaster was executed
1323 (During)
Edward was summoned to France to pay homage to the new King Charles IV in respect of his lands in Gascony.
1324 (During)
Charles IV invaded Gascony. Edward had around 4,500 soldiers stationed there but knew that this would not be enough to fight Charles IV.
1324 (November)
It was agreed that Edward should send a force to France.
1325 (March)
Isabella, and her eldest son, Edward travelled to France to pay homage to Charles IV and so end the war.
1325 (September)
Edward II crossed the English Channel in order to pay homage to King Charles IV of France
1326 (During)
Isabella did not return to England but instead remained in France with Roger Mortimer who had been exiled from England. The two had become lovers at some point.
1326 (Summer)
Those nobles who continued to oppose Edward gathered around Isabella and Mortimer in France.
1326 (27th August)
Isabella agreed to the betrothal of Prince Edward and Phillippa of Hainault in return for the support of the Count of Hainault.
1326 (24th September)
Isabella, Roger Mortimer and Prince Edward landed at Orwell on the east coast of England with a small invasion force.
1326 (late September)
Enemies of King Edward and the Despensers flocked to support Isabella, Mortimer and Prince Edward.
1326 (2nd October)
Isabella reached Oxford where she was warmly welcomed.
1326 (2nd October)
King Edward and the Despensers were forced to leave London because it was becoming increasingly unsafe. They headed west.
1326 (7th October)
Isabella and her army reached London.
1326 (9th October)
King Edward and the Despensers reached Gloucester.
1326 (16th October)
Isabella’s forces reached Gloucester. Edward fled to Wales while Hugh Despenser the elder moved to Bristol.
1326 (18th October)
Isabella’s forces lay siege to Bristol.
1326 (26th October)
Hugh Despenser the elder was captured and executed when Bristol fell to Isabella’s forces.
1326 (2nd November)
King Edward and Hugh Despenser the younger attempted to leave England for Ireland but bad weather drove them back to Wales.
1326 (16th November)
King Edward II and Hugh Despenser the younger were captured by the forces of Isabella, Mortimer and Prince Edward. Despenser was imprisoned while Edward was placed in the custody of Henry of Lancaster.
1326 (24th November)
Hugh Despenser the younger was executed.
1326 (late November)
Isabella took the Tower of London and took control of the government of the country. She arranged for a council of nobles and churchmen to meet and discuss the situation.
1327 (January)
The council of nobility and churchmen met to discuss what to do about the King. It was decided that Edward II should be forced to abdicate in favour of his son. Isabella and Mortimer would act as regents while the King was still a child.
1327 (21st January)
Edward II became Edward of Caernarvon and his eldest son became King Edward III.
1327 (2nd February)
Edward’s son was crowned King Edward III at Westminster Abbey.
1327 (5th April)
Edward of Caernarvon was moved to Berkley Castle because it was feared that opponents of the new regime would try to effect his escape.
1327 (21st September)
Edward of Caernarvon died while in custody. Some historians believe that Edward escaped captivity and lived his life in obscurity and that it suited Isabella and Mortimer to spread the news that he had died.
1328 (24th January)
King Edward III married Philippa of Hainault at York Minster.
1328 (1st February)
Isabella’s brother, Charles IV of France, died without a male heir. Although the French did not recognised female succession, Isabella and Roger Mortimer tried to secure the French crown for Edward. The French, however, did not want an English King and chose Philip of Valois to reign as King Philip VI.
1328 (20th February)
Philippa of Hainault was crowned Queen of England at Westminster Abbey.
1328 (May)
Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton
This treaty brought the war with Scotland to an end. Scotland became an independent country ruled by Robert Bruce. The treaty was sealed by the marriage of Isabella’s daughter, Joan, to David son of Robert the Bruce. However, the treaty made no provision for those English nobles who had lost land in Scotland (the disinherited).
1328 (Autumn)
Henry of Lancaster, who had lost land due to the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton, raised an armhy against Isabella and Mortimer’s government.
1329 (January)
Isabella and Mortimer took the towns of Leicester and Bedford and forced Henry of Lancaster to surrender.
1330 (15th June)
A son, Edward was born to Edward and Philippa at Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire.
1330 (20th October)
Isabella’s son, King Edward III managed to overthrow her and Roger Mortimer’s regency and become ruler in his own right. Roger Mortimer was sent to the Tower of London and all his lands were forfeited to the Crown. Isabella was sent to Windsor Castle where she was placed under house arrest.
1330 (during)
Isabella may have suffered a nervous breakdown.
1330 (November)
Roger Mortimer was found guilty of treason.
1330 (29th November)
Roger Mortimer was hanged at Tyburn.
1332 (during)
Edward allowed his mother, Isabella, to go to Castle Rising in Norfolk where she lived in comfort.
1332 (after)
Isabella continued to spend some time at court especially with her grandchildren. Her favourite being Edward, the Black Prince. However, she was no longer active in politics or the government of the country.
1358 (22nd August)
Isabella died at Hertford Castle.

 

Published Mar 04, 2018 @ 14:46 – Updated – Mar 5, 2018 @ 1:43 pm

 

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2018). Isabella of France 1295 – 1358. Available: http://www.totallytimelines.com/isabella-of-france-1295-1358 Last accessed

 

You may also like:

  • This timeline gives a chronological listing of the main events in English History for the years 1320 - 1329 The monarchs for this period were: Edward II to 1327 Edward III from 1327   1321 (February) Civil War broke out between King Edward II and the Despensors and the barons…
    Tags: edward, king, isabella
  •   Father - King Edward I Mother - Eleanor of Castile Spouse - Isabella of France Children - Edward, John, Eleanor, Joan King of England - 1307 - 1327 Predecessor - Edward I Successor - Edward III     1284 (25th April) Born the fourth son of Edward I and…
    Tags: edward, isabella
  • Father - King Edward II Mother - Isabella of France Spouse - Philippa of Hainault Children - Edward, Isabella, Joan, Lionel, John, Edmund, Blanche, Mary, Margaret, Thomas, William King of England - 1327 - 1377 Predecessor - Edward II Successor - Richard II   1312 (13th November) Edward was born…
    Tags: edward
  •     Father - Philip III of France Mother - Maria of Brabant Spouse - King Edward I of England Children - Thomas, Edmund, Eleanor     1279 (around) A daughter, Margaret, was born to Philip III of France and Maria of Brabant. 1285 (5th October) Margaret's father died. Maria's…
    Tags: edward, king, isabella
  •   This timeline gives a chronological listing of the main events in English History for the years 1330 - 1339 The monarch for this period was Edward III     1330 (15th June) A son, Edward was born to King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault at Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire.…
    Tags: edward, king