Wars Fought in Europe 499 BCE to Present Day

Europe Wars

 

This timeline details the main wars that have taken place in Europe excluding the Balkans and Russia

 

 

499 BCE to 449 BCE
Greco-Persian Wars
Greek City States against Persian Empire
431 BCE to 404 BCE
Peloponnesian War
Athens against Sparta
395 BCE to 387 BCE
Corinthian War
Athens against Sparta
335 BCE to 323 BCE
Wars of Alexander the Great
Macedon against Persian Empire, Greek City States, Ilyria, Thrace
280 BCE to 275 BCE
Pyrrhic War
Rome, Carthage against Greece
264 BCE to 241 BCE
First Punic War
Rome against Carthage
218 BCE to 201 BCE
Second Punic War/Hannibalic War
Rome against Carthage
205 BCE to 200 BCE
Cretan War
Macedon, Aetolian League, Cretan Cities against Rhodes, Byzantium, Athens
191 BCE to 189 BCE
Aetolian War
Rome against Aetolian League
113 BCE to 101 BCE
Cimbrian War
Rome against Germanic Tribes
88 BCE to 84 BCE
First Mithridatic War
Rome against Pontus
83 BCE to 81 BCE
Second Mithridatic War
Rome against Pontus
75 BCE to 63 BCE
Third Mithridatic War
Rome against Pontus
49 BCE, January to 45 BCE, 17th March
Caesar’s War
Julius Caesar against Roman Senate
44 BCE to 36 BCE
Roman Civil War/Sicilian revolt
Mark Antony, Octavian against Sextus Pompey
41 BCE 40 BCE
Perusine War/Fulvia’s civil war
Roman Republic under Octavian against Fulvia, Lucius Antonius
43 to 77
Roman Empire against Britain
c60 to c61
Boudicca’s War
Roman Empire against Britons led by Boudicca of the Iceni Tribe
66 to 136
Jewish-Roman War
Roman Empire against Jewish Rebels
68, June to 69, December
Roman Civil War/Year of the Four Emperors
Galba against Otho Otho against Vitellius Vitellius against Vespasian.
86 to 88
Domitian’s Dacian War
Roman Empire against Dacian Empire
101 to 102
First Dacian War
Roman Empire against Dacian Empire
105 to 106
Second Dacian War
Roman Empire against Dacian Empire
115 to 117
Kitos War/Second Jewish-Roman War
Roman Empire against Cypriot Jews
166 to 180
Marcomannic Wars (Part of the Germanic Wars)
Roman Empire against Germanic Tribes, Sarmatian Tribes
235 to 284
Crisis of the Third Century/Military Anarchy/Imperial Crisis
Roman Empire against Military, Visigoths, Vandals
402 to 403
Second Gothic War (Part of the Germanic Wars)
Roman Empire against Visigoths
526 to 532
Iberian War
Byzantine Empire against Sassanid Persian Empire
535 to 554
Third Gothic War/(Part of the Germanic Wars)
Byzantine Empire against Franks, Ostrogoths
c.600 to 793
Frisian–Frankish wars
Frankish Empire against Frisian Kingdom
772 to 851
The Wars of Charlemagne/Saxon Wars
Frankish Empire against Saxons
899 to 933
The Magyar Wars
Magyar Kingdom against Lombardy, Germany
1066, September to 1072
Normans against Anglo Saxons
1215, June to 1217, 11th September
First Barons’ War
English Barons led by Robert Fitzwalter against King John of England
1220, Autumn to 1264
Mongol Conquest of Georgia and Armenia (Part of the Mongol Conquests)
Mongol Empire Genghis Khan against Georgia, Khwarazmian dynasty
1236 to 1242
Mongol Invasion of Europe (Part of the Mongol Conquests)
Mongol Empire Genghis Khan against Russia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Polish States
1264, Spring to 1265, 16th September
The Second Barons’ War
English Barons led by Simon de Montfort against Henry III, King of England
1296, March to 1328, 1st May
First War of Scottish Independence
Scotland against England
1333, April to 1357, 3rd October
Second War of Scottish Independence
Scotland against England
1337, 10th November to 1453, 17th July
Hundred Years’ War
England, Burgundy against France, Scotland
1400, Autumn to 1415, Autumn
Owain Glyndwr’s Rebellion (Welsh Revolt)
Welsh against English
1419, 30th July to 1434, 30th May
Hussite Wars (Bohemian Wars)
Hussites against Papal States, Hungary, Holy Roman Empire
1455, 22nd May to 1487, 16th June
House of York (England) against House of Lancaster (England)
1494, October to 1498, 7th April
Italian War of 1494-98
France against Naples, Venice, Papal States, Spain, Milan, Florence, England
1499 to 1504, 22nd September
Italian War of 1499-1505
France, Papal States, Venice against Milan, Naples, Spain
1508, 10th December to 1516, August
War of the League of Cambrai
League of Cambrai against Italian Republicans
1521, May to 1566, 6th September
Wars of Suleiman the Magnificent
Ottoman Empire against Hapsburg Empire, Holy Roman Empire, Hungary, Persia
1521, Summer to 1526, Spring
Italian Wars of 1521-26 (Four Years War)
France, Venice against Spanish Empire, Holy Roman Empire, England, Papal States
1526, Summer to 1530, 15th August
War of the League of Cognac
France, Venice, Florence, Milan, Papal States, England against Spanish Empire, Holy Roman Empire
1562, March to 1598, April
French Wars of Religion
Protestants Huguenots, England against Catholics Catholic League, Spain
1568, Autumn to 1648, January
The Dutch Revolt (Eighty Years War)
Dutch Republicans, England, France, Nassau against Spanish Empire, Holy Roman Empire
1570 to 1573, 7th March
Fifth Ottoman-Venetian War (War of Cyprus)
Ottoman Empire against Venice, Spain, Italian States
1587, February to 1604, 18th August
Anglo-Spanish War
England, Dutch Republic, France against Spanish Empire
1618, 23rd May to 1648, 15th May
Thirty Years War
Protestant Forces – Sweden, France, Dutch, German States against Catholic Forces – Holy Roman Empire, Spanish Empire, Hungary, Croatia
1642, 22nd August to 1646, May
English Royalists against English Parliamentarians
1648, Spring to 1649, January
English Royalists against English Parliamentarians
1649, February to 1651, 3rd September
Third English Civil War
English Royalists against English Parliamentarians
1672, May to 1678, August
Franco-Dutch War (Dutch War)
France, England, Sweden against Dutch Republic, Holy Roman Empire, Spain, Denmark, Norway
1683, 26th October to 1684, 15th October
War of the Reunions
France against Spanish Empire, Holy Roman Empire, Genoa
1688, September to 1697, September
War of the Grand Alliance (Nine Years War)
Dutch Republic, England, Holy Roman Empire, Scotland (non Jacobite), Spain, Sweden against France, Jacobite Scotland and Ireland
1689. 12th March to 1691, 3rd October
Williamite War in Ireland (Part of the War of the Grand Alliance)
England, Scotland (non Jacobite), Dutch Republic against France, Irish Jacobites
1689, 16th April to 1692, Spring
Jacobite Uprising (Part of the War of the Grand Alliance)
England, Scotland (non Jacobite), Dutch Republic against France, Scottish Jacobites
1700, February to 1721, August
Great Northern War
Swedish Empire against Russia
1701, Autumn to 1714, March
War of the Spanish Succession
Spanish loyal to Charles, Austria, Prussia, Hanover, Great Britain, Dutch Republic against Spanish loyal to Philip, France, Bavaria
1733, Autumn to 1738, 18th November
War of Polish Succession
Polish supporters of Stanisław I Leszczyński, France. Spain, Sardinia, Parma against Polish supporters of Augustus II, Russian Empire, Hapsburg Empire, Saxony, Prussia
1740, December to 1742, 11th June
First Silesian War (Part of the War of Austrian Succession)
Hapsburg Empire against Prussia
1741 to 1747, 10th July Italian Campaigns (Part of the War of Austrian Succession)
Spain, Naples, France against Hapsburg Empire, Prussia
1741 to 1747, 10th July
Italian Campaigns (Part of the War of Austrian Succession)
Spain, Naples, France against Hapsburg Empire, Prussia
1744, April to 1745, 25th December
Second Silesian War (Part of the War of Austrian Succession)
Hapsburg Empire against Prussia
1745, Summer to 1746, 16th April
Jacobite Uprising (The Forty-Five)
Great Britain against Jacobites, France
1756, Summer to 1763, 10th February
Seven Years War (Third Silesian War)
Prussia, Hanover, Great Britain, Brunswick against France, Austria, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Saxony, Mughal Empire
1757, 17th September to 1762, 22nd May
Pomeranian War (Part of the Seven Years War)
Prussia against Sweden
1787, Spring to 1792, January
Austro-Turkish War
Austrian Empire against Ottoman Empire
1787, Spring to 1792, January
Second Russo-Turkish War
Russian Empire against Ottoman Empire
1789, 14th July to 1799, November
French Revolution
French Royalists against French Republicans
1792, 17th April to 1797, October
War of the First Coalition (French Revolutionary Wars) (Precursor to the Napoleonic Wars)
France against Austria, Prussia, Great Britain, France, Spain, Portugal, Sardinia, Naples, Sicily
1799, Late to 1802, 25th March
War of the Second Coalition (Part of the Napoleonic Wars)
France against Austria, Russia, Turkey, United Kingdom, Portugal, Naples
1803, May to 1806, October
War of the Third Coalition (Part of the Napoleonic Wars)
France against United Kingdom, Russia, Holy Roman Empire, Sweden
1806, October to 1807, July
War of the Fourth Coalition (Part of the Napoleonic Wars)
France against Prussia, United Kingdom, Russia, Saxony, Sweden, Sicily
1808, 2nd May to 1814, 17th April
Peninsular War (Part of the Napoleonic Wars)
France against Spain, Portugal, United Kingdom
1809, 10th April to 1809, 14th October
War of the Fifth Coalition (Part of the Napoleonic Wars)
France against Austria, United Kingdom, Spain, Sicily, Sardinia, Brunswick
1812, January to 1814, April
War of the Sixth Coalition (Part of the Napoleonic Wars)
France against Austria, Prussia, Russia, United Kingdom, Sweden, Spain, Portugal, Sardinia, Sicily
1848, 23rd March to 1849, March 24th
First War of Italian Unification
Sardinia, Tuscany against Austria

1853, October to 1856, February
Crimean War
British, French, Turkish against Russia
1859, 29th April to 1859, 11th July
Second War of Italian Unification
France, Sardinia against Austria
1866, 14th June to 1866, 23rd August
Austro-Prussian War (Seven Weeks’ War)
Austrian Empire, German Confederation against Prussia
1866, 16th June to 1866, 3rd October
Third War of Italian Unification
Italy against Austria
1870, 19th July to 1871, 10th May
Franco-Prussian War
France against Prussia, North German Confederation
1914, 28th July to 1919, 11th November
Central Powers – Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria against Allies (Entente) – British Empire, France, Russia
1920, 7th May to 1920, 12th October
Russo-Polish War
Soviet Union against Poland
1936, 17th July to 1939, 1st April
Spanish Civil War
Spanish Nationalists against Spanish Republicans
1939, 1st September to 1945, 2nd September (war in Europe ended 1945, 8th May)
World War II  – War in Europe
Axis Powers – Germany, Italy against Allies – United Kingdom, United States, Soviet Union, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Belgium, France, Netherlands, Denmark, Greece, Norway, Poland, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia
1946, 30th March to 1949, 16th October
Greek Civil War
Greek Government against Greek Communists
2008, 7th August to 2008, 16th August
Russia–Georgia war
Georgia against Russia, South Ossetia
2014, 6th April is ongoing
War in Ukraine/Donbass War
Ukraine against Russia, Donetsk, Luhansk

 

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Wars Fought in Europe 499 BCE to Present Day. Available: http://www.totallytimelines.com/wars-fought-in-europe-499-bce-to-present-day. Last accessed

 

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