Adolf Hitler 1889 – 1945

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Adolf Hitler


Father – Alois Hitler
Mother – Klara Hitler
Spouse – Eva Braun
Children – No children

See also Adolf Hitler Assassination Attempts


1889 (April 20th)
Born in Braunau-am-inn, Austria. His father was Alois Hitler, a border clerk, his mother Klara, was a housekeeper
1895 (September)
Attended school but did not do well except in PE and Art.
1903 (January 3rd)
His father, Alois, died
1905 (Summer)
Left school and applied to the Vienna Academy of Art
1906 (date unknown)
Was rejected by the Vienna Academy
1907 (December 21st)
His mother, Klara, died
1908 (During)
Was living a hand-to-mouth existence on the streets of Vienna. He became interested in politics and was heavily influenced by the general feeling of anti-Semetism.
1914 (date unknown)
He joined 16th Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment and was posted to the Western Front.
1918 (date unknown)
Was temporarily blinded by a gas attack
1918 (November)
He was still recovering from the gas attack when he heard the news that Germany had surrendered and the Emperor had abdicated.
1919 (September 12th)
Joined the German Worker’s Party
1920 (March)
Having been discharged from the army Hitler made the now renamed, National Socialist German Worker’s Party his full time occupation.
1921 (February)
Spoke to over 6,000 people at a Munich rally.
1923 (8th November)
Munich Beer Hall Putsch
Hitler and the Nazi Party’s failed attempted to overrun and replace the Weimar government
1923 (12th November)
Adolf Hitler was arrested for his part in the Munich Beer Hall Putsch and charged with treason.
1924 (February)
Adolf Hitler’s case was tried in court. He was found guilty and sentenced to 5 years in prison.
1924 (20th December)
Hitler was released from prison.
1925 (18th July)
Hitler’s book, Mein Kampf was published.
1928 (May)
The Nazi Party gained 12 seats in the elections
1929 (October)
Wall Street Crash led to America calling in loans made to Germany
1930 (During)
Hitler toured the country making rousing political speeches.
1930 (September)
The Nazi Party gained 107 seats in the elections
1931 (During)
Met Eva Braun
1931 (8th September)
Following an argument with Hitler, Geli Raubal, Hitler’s niece and lover committed suicide.
1932 (July)
Nazi Party gained 230 seats in the election but did not have a majority
1932 (November)
Nazi Party gained 196 seats in the election and formed a coalition government with the German National People’s Party
1933 (30th January)
Adolf Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany
1933 (27th February)
Reichstag Fire 
The German parliament building (Reichstag) was set on fire.
1933 (28th February)
The Reichstag Fire Decree
gave Hitler the power to make laws independently of parliament. It was meant to be a temporary measure but was never rescinded.
1933 (5th March)
Nazi Party gained 288 seats in the election. This was still not enough to form a majority government so they again formed a coalition government with the German National People’s Party
1933 (23rd March)
The Enabling Act 
This Act gave Hitler dictatorial powers.
1933 (1st April)
Hitler ordered a one-day boycott of all Jewish shops.
1933 (14th July)
Hitler declared that the Nazi party was the only legal party in Germany
1934 (30th June)
Night of the Long Knives
Hitler had long been concerned about the power held by members of the Stormtroopers so arranged a meeting of all Stormtroopers and shot many of the leaders and prominent members.
1934 (2nd August)
Adolf Hitler became Fuhrer of Germany
1935 (15th September)
The Nuremburg Laws
Were passed meaning that Jews were no longer citizens of Germany.
1936 (7th March)
Hitler sent troops to re-occupy the Rhineland.
1936 (1st August)
Adolf Hitler presided over the Berlin Olympics
1936 (25th October)
Formed an alliance between Germany and Italy
1936 (25th November)
Formed an alliance between Germany and Japan
1938 (14th March)
Hitler sent his troops into Austria and declared Austria joined to Germany (Anschluss)
1938 (30th September)
Munich Agreement
Hitler signed this  agreeing to no further expansion beyond the Sudetenland.
1938 (9th November)
On Hitler’s orders Jewish shops and synagogues were raided and destroyed
1939 (15th March)
Hitler invaded and occupied Czechoslovakia.
1939 (1st September)
Hitler invaded Poland
1939 (3rd September)
Britain and France declared war on Germany.
1939 (27th September)
Poland surrendered.
1940 (9th April)
Hitler invaded and occupied Norway and Denmark
1940 (10th May)
Hitler invaded and occupied France, Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg
1940 (10th July)
Battle of Britain
Hitler sent his Luftwaffe airforce to eliminate the Royal Airforce.
1941 (6th April)
Hitler invaded and occupied Greece and Yugoslavia
1941 (22nd June)
Operation Barbarossa
Hitler sent German troops into Russia
1942 (20th January)
The Wannsee Conference 
Approved a ‘Final Solution’ of extermination of the Jewish population
1942 (4th November)
2nd Battle of El Alamein
Hitler’s German army were defeated
1943 (2nd February)
Battle of Stalingrad
Hitler’s German army were defeated 
1943 (Spring)
Adolf Hitler’s health began to worsen. He suffered form headaches, insomnia and bowel problems.
1944 (20th July)
The July Bomb Plot
Failed to assassinate Hitler
1944 (September)
Hitler survived a heart attack
1945 (Spring)
The allies and Russians were advancing through Germany towards Berlin
1945 (28th April)
Adolf Hitler married Eva Braun
1945 (30th April)
Adolf Hitler committed suicide


Published Jun 15, 2015 @ 9:16 pm – Updated – Mar 11, 2019 @ 1:22 pm


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Adolf Hitler 1889 – 1945. Available: Last Accessed May 19th, 2019



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