Ancient Egypt 3500 – 332 BCE

Pyramids of Giza
This timeline gives a chronological listing of the Periods, dynasties, rulers and significant events in Ancient Egyptian history

Please note: all dates are BC (BCE)

Predynastic 3500 – 3150
0 Dynasty – 3500 – 3150
Rulers
Iry Hor
Ka
Events
Early people settled in the Nile Valley
Farming began in the Nile region
Early Dynastic 3150 – 2686
1st Dynasty – 3150 – 2890
Rulers
Narner (Menes) – c 3100
Hor Aha – c 3050
Djer – c 3000
Djet – c 2980 – 2970
Den – c 2970 – 2928
Adjib – c 2928 – 2920
Semerkhet – c 2920 – 2912
Qa’a – c 2912 – 2890
Events
North and South Egypt united by Narner
Hieroglyphic writing developed
Memphis capital of Egypt
First writing on papyrus
First fixed Mortise and tenon joint
Human sacrifices formed part of the burial process
2nd Dynasty – 2890 – 2686
Rulers
Hotepsekhemwy – c 2890 – 2850
Raneb – c 2820 – 2790
Nynetjer – c 2790 – 2740
Nebra (Raneb) – c 2740 – 2698
Wadjenes – c 2700
Senedj – c 2700
Khasekhemwy – c 2690
Events
Government was in Thinis
Memphis remained important
Possible civil war
Old Kingdom 2650- 2150
3rd Dynasty – 2650 – 2575
Rulers
Sanakht – 2650 – 2630
Djoser – 2630 – 2611
Sekhemkhet – 2611 – 2605
Khaba – 2605 – 2599
Huni – 2599 – 2575
Events
Step pyramid built at Saqqara
4th Dynasty 2575 – 2465
Rulers
Sneferu – 2575 – 2551
Khufu – 2551 – 2528
Djedefre – 2528 – 2520
Khafre – 2520 – 2494
Nebka II – 2494 – 2490
Menkaure – 2490 – 2472
Shepseskaf – 2472 – 2467
Thamphthis – 2467 – 2465
Events
Great pyramids and sphinx at Giza built
Mummification first used
Trade for cedar wood
5th Dynasty 2465 – 2323
Rulers
Userkaf – 2465 – 2458
Sahure – 2458 – 2446
Neferikare – 2446 – 2438
Shepseskare – 2438 – 2431
Neferefre – 2431 – 2420
Niuserre – 2420 – 2389
Menkauhor – 2389 – 2381
Isesi – 2381 – 2353
Unis – 2353 – 2323
Events
Mining and trade were important
Sun God Ra worshiped at Heliopolis
Osiris became important
6th Dynasty 2323 – 2150
Rulers
Teti – 2323 – 2291
Userkare – 2291 – 2289
Pepi I – 2289 – 2255
Merenre I – 2255 – 2246
Pepi II – 2246 – 2152
Merenre II – 2152 – 2152
Netjerkare Siptah – 2152 – 2150
Events
Expeditions sent to neighbouring countries to find minerals and also to trade
First Intermediate Period 2150 – 2030
7th and 8th Dynasties 2150 – 2160
Rulers (dates unknown)
Neferkara I
Netjerkare
Menkare
Neferkare II
Neferkare III Nebi
Djedkara Shemai
Neferkare IV Khendu
Events
Egypt was unstable, weak and divided
Rebellions against the rulers
9th Dynasty 2160 – 2130
Rulers (Exact dates unknown)
Khety or Khetys
King Merekare
King Senenh or Setut
King Mer Khety
Events
Egypt was split
10th Dynasty 2130 – 2124
Rulers
King Meryhathor 1549–1524
King Neferkare IV 1524–1503
King Wankare (Acthoes III) 1503–1493
King Merykare 1493–1479 BC
Events
Egypt remained divided
11th Dynasty 2124 – 2030
Rulers
Menuhotep I – 2124 – 2120
Intef I – 2120 – 2108
Intef II – 2108 – 2059
Intef III – 2059 – 2051
Menuhotep II – 2051 – 2030
Events
Conflict between North and South Egypt continued
Religion and the afterlife dominated people’s thoughts
Middle Kingdom 2030 – 1640
11th Dynasty Continued – 2030 – 1981
Rulers
Menuhotep II – 2030 – 2000
Menuhotep III – 2000 – 1988
Qakare Intef – 1985
Sekhentibre – 1985
Menekhkare – 1985
Menuhotep IV – 1988 – 1981
Events
North and South Egypt reunited – capital Thebes
Lower Nubia conquered
12th Dynasty 1981 – 1802
Rulers
Amenemhat I – 1981 – 1952
Senwosret I – 1961 – 1917
Amenemhat II – 1919 – 1885
Senwosret II – 1887 – 1878
Senwosret III – 1878 – 1840
Amenemhat III – 1859 – 1813
Amenemhat IV – 1814 – 1805
Events
A number of works of literature were produced
13th Dynasty 1802 – 1640
Rulers (exact dates unknown)
Hor Auyibre
Sobekhotep II (Amenmehet VI)
Khendjer Userkare
Sobekhotep III
Neferhotep I Khasekhemwyre
Sobekhotep IV Khaneferre
Ay Merneferre
Neferhotep II
Sekhemre
Sankhtawy
Events
Defence was weak
Second Intermediate Period 1640 – 1550
14th to 16th Dynasties 1640 – 1635
Rulers (exact dates unknown)
Nebefawre
Sehebre
Merdjefare
Sewadjkare
Nebdjefare
Webenre
Djefare
Webenre
Sheshi Yakubher
Events
Hyksos tribe conquered North Egypt
Horse drawn chariot introduced
17th Dynasty 1635 – 1550
Rulers
Tao I – 1560
Tao II – 1560
Kamose – 1552 – 1550
Events
 
New Kingdom 1550 – 1070
18th Dynasty 1549 – 1292
Rulers
Ahmose I – 1550 – 1525
Amenhotep – 1552 – 1504
Thutmose I – 1504 – 1492
Thutmose II – 1492 – 1479
Thutmose III – 1479 – 1473
Hatshepsut – 1473 – 1458
Amenhotep II – 1427 – 1400
Thutmose IV – 1400 – 1390
Amenhotep III – 1390 – 1352
Amenhotep IV – 1352 – 1349
Akhenaten – 1349 – 1336
Neferneferuaton – 1338 – 1336
Smenkhkare – 1336
Tutankhamen – 1336 – 1327
Aya – 1327 – 1323
Haremhab – 1323 – 1295
Events
Hyksos people expelled from Egypt
Thutmose III great military tactician
Hatshepsut first female pharaoh
Temple at Karnak built
Valley of the Kings used as burial site
19th Dynasty 1295 – 1186
Rulers
Ramesses I – 1295 – 1294
Seti I – 1294 – 1279
Ramesses II – 1279 – 1213
Merneptah – 1213 – 1203
Amenmesse – 1203 – 1200
Seti II – 1200 – 1194
Siptah – 1194 – 1188
Tawosret – 1188 – 1186
Events
Seti I and Ramesses II campaigned against the Libyans
Ramesses II defeated the Hittites
20th Dynasty 1186 – 1070
Rulers
Setnakht – 1186 – 1184
Ramesses III – 1184 – 1153
Ramesses IV – 1153 – 1147
Ramesses V – 1147 – 1143
Ramesses VI – 1143 – 1136
Ramesses VII – 1136 – 1129
Ramesses VIII – 1129 – 1126
Ramesses IX – 1126 – 1108
Ramesses X – 1108 – 1099
Ramesses XI – 1099 – 1070
Events
Setnakht was the victim of an attempted coup and assassination.
The coup failed
Royal power weakened
Third Intermediate Period 1070 – 712
21st Dynasty – 1070 – 945
Rulers
Smendes – 1070 – 1044
Amenemnisu – 1044 – 1040
Psusennes I – 1040 – 992
Amenemope – 993 – 984
Osochor – 984 – 978
Siamun – 978 – 959
Psiusennes II – 959 – 945
Events
Egypt divided – northern capital Tanis, southern capital Thebes
Shoshenk reunited Egypt
Egypt lost control of Israel and Lebanon
22nd Dynasty 945 – 720
Rulers
King Shoshenq I 945–924
King Osorkon I 924–909
King Takelot I 909–883
King Shoshenq II 883
King Osorkon II 883–855
King Takelot II 860–835
King Shoshenq III 835–783
King Shoshenq IV 783–773
King Shoshenq V 773–735
King Osorkon IV 735–712
Events
The Libyans took over the rule of Northern Egypt
Egyptians wanted independence from Libyan rulers
23 – 837- 728
Rulers
Pedubaste I – 818 – 793
Iuput I – 800
Sheshonq IV – 793 – 787
Oskoron III – 787 – 759
Takelot III – 764 – 757
Rudamun – 757 – 754
Iuput II – 754 – 712
Peftjaubast – 740 – 725
Namlot – 740
Thutemhat – 720
Events
Egypt was in a state of chaos with rulers ruling small areas
24th Dynasty 724 – 712
Rulers
Tefnakht – 724 – 717
Bakenrenef – 717 – 712
Events
Tefnakht attempted to conquer Upper Egypt
Late Period 712 – 332 BC
25th Dynasty 712 – 653
Rulers
Piye – 743 – 712
Shabaqo – 712 – 698
Shebitqo – 698 – 690
Taharqo – 690 – 664
Tanutamani – 664 – 653
Events
Egypt re-united
26th Dynasty 688 – 525
Rulers
Nikauba – 688 – 672
Necho I – 672 – 664
Psamtik I – 664 – 610
Necho II – 610 – 595
Psamtik II – 595 – 589
Apries – 589 – 570
Amasis – 570 – 526
Psamtik III – 526 – 525
Events
Persians conquered Egypt
27th Dynasty – 525 – 404
Rulers
Cambyses – 525 – 522
Darius I – 521 – 486
Xerxes I – 486 – 466
Artaxerxes I 465 – 424
Darius II – 424 – 404
Events
Egypt was under Persian rule
28th Dynasty – 522 – 399
Rulers
Pedubaste III – 522 – 520
Psamtik IV – 470
Imaros – 460
Amyrtaios I – 460
Thannyros – 445
Pausiris – 445
Psamtik V – 445
Psamtik VI – 400
Amyrtaios II – 404 – 399
Events
Amyrtaios led a successful raid against the Persians
29th Dynasty 399 – 380
Rulers
Nepherites I – 399 – 393
Psammuthis – 393
Achoris – 393 – 380
Nepherites II – 380
Events
Persian re-conquest resisted
30th Dynasty 380 – 332
Rulers
Nectanebo – 380 – 362
Teos – 365 – 360
Nectanebo II – 360 – 343
Events
Persian takeover attempts
Alexander the Great conquered Egypt in 332

 

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2016). Ancient Egypt 3500 – 332 BCE. Available: https://www.totallytimelines.com/ancient-egypt-3500-332-bce. Last accessed June 22nd, 2018

 

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