It is believed that people had begun to farm the land in Ancient Korea by this date.
Korean people were using bronze.
People had begun to use iron to make tools and weapons.
The state of Jin was founded in the southern peninsula when a number of smaller states became a confederacy.
Wiman, from the Chinese state of Yan, seized the Gojoseon throne beginning a period known as Wiman Joseon. King Jun of Gojoseon fled to Jin.
The Chinese Han dynasty conquered Wiman Joseon. The Chinese established four commanderies to rule their conquered territory – Zhenfan, Lintun, lelang and Xuantu.
The kingdom of Silla was founded by Bak Hyeokgeose. The new kingdom occupied much of the former state of Jin – the south east and central regions of the peninsula.
Prince Jumong of the Buyeo kingdom fled his homeland after a disagreement with his brothers. He founded Goguryeo in the north of the peninsula.
Onjo, third son of Jumong, founder of Goguryeo, founded Baekje in the south-west of the peninsula.
Gaya, in the south of the peninsula, was established an independent confederation of tribes. Gaya was not a kingdom.
Under King Taejo, Goguryeo expanded its borders and also developed a system of centralised government.
King Goi of Baekje established a system of centralised government. He also set up a military office to maintain hold on his territory.
The Lelang commandery established by the Chinese Han dynasty in 108 BCE, was taken by Goguryeo.
King Naemul established a centralised government in Silla.
King Geunchogo invaded Goguryeo and King Gogugwon of Goguryeo was killed.
Buddhism adopted by Goguryeo.
Buddhism adopted by Baekje.
Gwanggaeto succeeded to the throne of Goguryeo following the death of his father. The new King set about expanding his country’s borders and took land from Manchuria, Mongolia and Baekje.
The Kingdoms of Baekje and Silla formed an alliance against Goguryeo.
Goguryeo invaded Baekje and took the capital Hanseong (Seoul).
Buddhism adopted by Silla.
Silla attacked Baekja, breaking the alliance made in 433 CE.
The kingdom of Silla annexed Gaya.
The Sui dynasty of China attacked Goguryeo beginning a war between the two.
The Goguryeo-Sui wars ended in victory for Goguryeo.
Silla was under attack from Baejke and Goguryeo and asked for help from the Tang dynasty.
Emperor Taizong led a campaign against Goguryeo to protect Silla.
Baekje fell to the combined Tang-Silla forces.
Goguryeo fell to the combined Tang-Silla forces.
Silla successfully repelled Chinese forces from the Korean peninsula.
Former Goguryeo general, Dae Joyeong, founded Balhae. Largely comprised of refugees from the former Goguryeo the territory of the new state covered the north-east of the peninsula and Manchuria.
The Bulguksa temple complex was built. It includes the Seokguram Grotto.
This military headquarters and trading centre was established on Wando island. Here, Korea traded with China and Japan.
There were protests against the rule of Queen Jinseong of Silla who was noted for being corrupt.
Disaffected Silla general Gyeon Hwon, founded Hubaekje (Later Baekje) in the south-west of the Korean peninsula.
Gung Ye, half-brother to Queen Jinseong of Silla, founded Taebong (Later Goguryeo) in the north of the peninsula.
Wang Geon, a descendent of the Goguryeo nobility, overthrew Gung Ye of Taebong. He changed the name of Taebong to Goryeo and established himself as King Taejo of Goryeo.
Balhae was taken over by the Liao dynasty which had been founded by the Khitan chief Emperor Taizu. Many descendants of Goguryeo fled to Goryeo.
Goryeo annexed Silla.
Goryeo invaded and conquered Hubaekje (Later Baekje). This action completed the reunification of the Three Kingdoms and marks the beginning of the Goryeo dynasty.
Published Mar 25 2022 @ 12:46 pm – Updated –
Harvard Reference for this page:
Heather Y Wheeler. (2022). Ancient Korea & Three Kingdoms 4000 BCE – 936 Available: http://www.totallytimelines.com/ancient-korea-three-kingdoms-4000-bce-936 Last accessed July 6th, 2022