Archduke Franz Ferdinand 1863 – 1914

Franz FerdinandBorn – 18th December 1863
Died – 28th June 1914 (assassinated)
Father – Archduke Karl Ludwig (1833 – 1896)
Mother – Princess Maria Annunciata of Bourbon-Two-Sicilies (1843 – 1871)
Spouse – m. 1900 – Sophie Choteck von Chotkova (1868 – 1914)
Children – Sophie (1901 – 1990), Maximillian (1902 – 1962), Ernst (1904 – 1954) 

1863 (18th December)
Franz Ferdinand, was born to Archduke Karl Ludwig and his wife, Princess Maria Annunciata of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, at Graz, Austria.
1865 (21st April)
Franz Ferdinand’s brother, Otto Franz, was born to Archduke Karl Ludwig and his wife, Princess Maria Annunciata of Bourbon-Two Sicilies.
1868 (27th December)
Franz’s brother, Ferdinand Karl, was born to Archduke Karl Ludwig and his wife, Princess Maria Annunciata of Bourbon-Two Sicilies.
1870 (13th May)
Franz’s sister, Margarete Sophie, was born to Archduke Karl Ludwig and his wife, Princess Maria Annunciata of Bourbon-Two Sicilies.
1871 (4th May)
Franz Ferdinand’s mother, Princess Maria Annunciata of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, died.
1873 (3rd July)
Franz’s father married Maria Theresa of Portugal.
1875 (November 20th)
Franz Ferdinand’s cousin, Duke Francis V of Modena, died. Franz was named beneficiary and inherited a vast fortune.
1876 (13th July)
Franz’s half-sister, Maria Annunziata, was born to Archduke Karl Ludwig and Maria Annunziata of Austria.
1878 (7th July)
Franz’s half-sister, Elisabeth Amalie, was born to Archduke Karl Ludwig and Maria Annunziata of Austria.
1883 (during)
Franz served time in the Austrian Army.
1885 (during)
Franz Ferdinand was promoted to the rank of Captain in the army.
1888 (during)
Franz was promoted to the rank of Major in the army.
1889 (January 30th)
Franz Ferdinand became second in line to the throne of Austria after the heir, Crown Prince Rudolf, committed suicide.
1890 (during)
Franz Ferdinand was promoted to the rank of Colonel.
1892 (during)
Franz Ferdinand spent most of the year travelling the world.
1893 (during)
Franz Ferdinand was promoted to the rank of Major.
1894 (during)
Franz decided that he wanted to marry Sophie Choteck von Chotkova but permission was refused because she was a lady in waiting a status that was considered beneath the Second in line to rule the Empire.
1896 (19th May)
Franz Ferdinand became heir to the Austrian-Hungarian Empire after his father died of typhoid.
1900 (1st July)
Franz married Sophie Choteck von Chotkova at Reichstadt (Zakupy). The Emperor, Franz Joseph, had finally given permission for the marriage to go ahead on condition that their children would not have succession rights to the Empire. The only members of the royal family to attend the wedding were Franz’s step-mother and two half-sisters.
1901 (24th July)
A daughter, Sophie, was born to Franz Ferdinand and Sophie Choteck.
1902 (September)
Franz was created Admiral in the Austro-Hungarian navy.
1902 (29th September)
A son, Maximillian was born to Franz Ferdinand and Sophie Choteck.
1904 (17th May)
A son, Ernst was born to Franz Ferdinand and Sophie Choteck.
1906 (1st November)
Franz Ferdinand’s brother, Otto Franz, died.
1908 (during)
A stillborn son was born to Franz Ferdinand and Sophie Choteck.
1913 (during)
Franz was appointed Inspector General of the Austro-Hungarian army.
1913 (November)
Franz and Sophie visited King George V and Queen Mary of Britain.
1914 (Summer)
Franz and Sophie were invited to Sarajevo to inspect troops stationed there.
1914 (28th June – 9.30 am)
Franz Ferdinand and Sophie arrived at Sarajevo Station where they were met by the Governor General with cars for the journey to the Town Hall. Unbeknown to the authorities, members of the Black Hand Serbian Nationalist group had planned to assassinate the Archduke and had stationed assassins along the procession route.
1914 (28th June – 10.10 am)
Assassin Nedeljko Cabrinovic threw a grenade at the Archduke’s car. It missed the Archduke’s car but exploded under the car behind injuring about 20 people. The injured were taken to the hospital for treatment.
1914 (28th June – 10.20 am)
Franz Ferdinand and Sophie arrived at the Town Hall. The archduke was furious at the assassination attempt, cancelled the tour and demanded to be taken to the hospital to visit the wounded.
1914 (28th June – 10.50 am)
Travelling towards the hospital, the motorcade took a wrong turning and had to reverse and turn around. This caused the motorcade to stop. Assassin Gavrilo Princip was coming out of a shop. He stepped up to the stationary car and shot Franz in the neck and Sophie in the stomach. The bullet that hit Sophie was meant for Governor Potiorek. The driver of the car quickly turned and sped to the Town Hall. At this point he believed the couple were unhurt.
1914 (28th June – 11.30 am)
Franz Ferdinand and Sophie Choteck were pronounced dead on arrival at the Town Hall.

 

Published May 18, 2015 @ 9:16 pm – Updated – Aug 4, 2020 @ 11:01 am

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015 – 2020). Franz Ferdinand Archduke of Austria 1863 – 1914. Available: https://www.totallytimelines.com/archduke-franz-ferdinand-1863-1914/ Last Accessed October 30th, 2020