Berengaria of Navarre, was born to King Sancho VI of Navarre and his wife, Sancha of Castile. She was named after her grandmother, Berengaria of Barcelona and was the couple’s fourth child.
Berengaria may have met her future husband, Richard
, when he made a visit to Pamplona.
Berengaria was given Monreal near Tudela.
Eleanor of Aquitaine
suggested that a marriage be made between her son King Richard I of England and Berengaria. Navarre and Aquitaine shared a border and the marriage would strengthen both lands.
Richard I of England broke his betrothal to Alys of France on the grounds that she had become his father’s mistress.
Berengaria and her future mother-in-law, Eleanor of Aquitaine, left Navarre to meet Richard who was on crusade.
Berengaria and Eleanor of Aquitaine took a ship from Naples to meet Richard in Messina, Sicily. However, when they arrived it was Lent and the marriage could not be celebrated.
Richard sent Berengaria, accompanied by his sister Joan, on a ship to the Holy Land. However, the ship was caught in a storm and landed in Cyprus.
Richard reached Cyprus and conquered the island.
1191 (12th May)
Berengaria married King Richard I in the Chapel of St George at Limassol, Cyprus.
1191 (5th June)
Berengaria travelled with Richard and the Crusaders to Acre.
1191 (11th July)
Acre fell to Richard.
Phillip II of France disagreed with Richard over the spoils of war and abandoned the Crusade and returned to France.
Richard agreed terms with Saladin. The deal included an exchange of prisoners but Richard mistrusted Saladin and ordered the massacre of all Moslem prisoners.
1191 (7th September)
Battle of Arsuf
Richard defeated Saladin at this battle.
Richard took control of Jaffa
Richard reached the outskirts of Jerusalem but by this point his army was depleted and in need of reinforcements and supplies.
Richard was unable to take Jerusalem and so he negotiated a three-year truce with Saladin that stipulated that Christians should be granted access to the holy city at all times.
1192 (29th September)
Berengaria and Richard’s sister, Joan, left Acre and travelled to Rome where they met Pope Innocent III. Richard also left the Holy Land and planned to return to England via France.
Richard was captured by Duke Leopold V of Austria and held to ransom.
Berengaria and Richard’s sister, Joan, returned to Aquitaine where they learned of Richard’s capture.
Berengaria helped her mother-in-law, Eleanor of Aquitaine, raise the ransom money to free Richard.
The ransom of 150,000 marks was paid and Richard returned home to England.
Richard left England for Normandy to defend it from attacks by Phillip II.
Berengaria and Richard were reunited for Christmas.
Richard finally defeated Phillip II.
Richard went to Limoges to suppress a riot.
1199 (26th March)
While walking round the castle of Chalus Richard was shot by a crossbowman. Although the bolt was removed it was not cleanly done and the wound quickly festered.
1199 (6th April)
Richard died. He was succeeded by his younger brother, John
Berengaria attended the wedding of her sister, Blanca to Thibaut of Champagne.
Berengaria went to live with her sister, Blanca after Blanca’s husband, Thibaut died. Berengaria had not received the pension that was due to her from England and was suffering financial hardship.
Berengaria entered the Abbey of l’Epau in Le Mans.
Berengaria finally received a pension from England.
Berengaria died at the Abbey of L’Epau.