Bianca de Medici 1445 – 1488

Bianca de Medici Likeness Unknown

Born – 10th September 1445
Died – April 1488
FatherPiero de Medici (1416 – 1469)
MotherLucrezia Tornabuoni (1427 – 1482)
Spouse – m. 1459 Guglielmo de Pazzi (1450 – 1488)
Children – Contessina (b. c 1459), Antonio (1460 – 1528), Giovanna (b. 1461), Alessandra (b. 1465), Cosimo (1466 – 1513), Piero (1468 – 1468), Lorenzo (1470 – 1535), Luigia (b. 1470), Renato (b. 1473), Alessandro (1483 – 1530)

1445 (10th September)
Bianca de Medici was born to Piero de Medici and his wife Lucrezia Tornabuoni in Florence. She was the couple’s second child, her sister Maria had been born around 1444.
1448 (14th February)
Bianca’s sister Lucrezia was born to Piero de Medici and Lucrezia Tornabuoni in Florence.
1449 (1st January)
Bianca’s brother Lorenzo was born to Piero de Medici and Lucrezia Tornabuoni in Florence.
1451 (around)
Bianca was likely given an education typical for girls from noble families – needlework, music and horse riding. It is known that Bianca was a skilled musician.
1453 (25th March)
Bianca’s brother Giuliano was born to Piero de Medici and Lucrezia Tornabuoni in Florence.
1459 (during)
Bianca de Medici married Guglielmo de Pazzi. The Medici and Pazzi families were rivals and it was hoped the marriage would bring about peace between the two families.
1459 (around)
A daughter, Contessina was born to Bianca  and Guglielmo de Pazzi.
1460 (during)
Bianca played a recital on the organ for the Pope who was returning from the Council of Mantua.
1460 (during)
A son, Antonio was born to Bianca de Medici and Guglielmo de Pazzi.
1461 (during)
A daughter, Giovanna, was born to Bianca de Medici and Guglielmo de Pazzi.
1464 (1st August)
Bianca’s grandfather, Cosimo de Medici, died at his country house at Careggi. He was buried in the Church of San Lorenzo. Bianca’s father, Piero became head of the Medici family.
1465 (during)
A daughter, Alessandra, was born to Bianca de Medici and Guglielmo de Pazzi.
1466 (during)
A son, Cosimo, was born to Bianca de Medici and Guglielmo de Pazzi.
1468 (during)
A son, Piero, was born to Bianca de Medici and Guglielmo de Pazzi.
1469 (4th June)
Bianca’s brother, Lorenzo de Medici, married Clarice Orsini in Florence. It was celebrated with a jousting competition which Lorenzo won.
1469 (2nd December)
Lorenzo became head of the Medici family after his father, Piero de Medici, died of gout and lung disease. He ruled Florence with the help of his younger brother Giuliano. Lorenzo was given the nickname the Magnificent because of his political acumen and patronage of the arts.
1470 (during)
A son, Lorenzo, was born to Bianca de Medici and Guglielmo de Pazzi.
1470 (during)
A daughter, Luigia, was born to Bianca de Medici and Guglielmo de Pazzi.
1473 (during)
The Pazzi bank gained control of the Papal accounts after helping the Pope to acquire the town of Imola. The Medici family had previously held the Papal accounts.
1473 (during)
A son, Renato, was born to Bianca de Medici and Guglielmo de Pazzi.
1475 (during)
Bianca became a landowner after her mother purchased farmland for her. Although she owned the land, it was managed by her mother’s staff.
1478 (April)
Pazzi Conspiracy
Members of the Pazzi family, supported by Francesco Salviati, Archbishop of Pisa and indirectly by Pope Sixtus IV, planned to simultaneously murder Lorenzo and Giuliano de Medici. Francesco Salviati would overthrow the Signoria (government of Florence) paving the way for the Pazzi family to take control of Florence. They initially planned to lure Lorenzo to Rome where he would be killed while at the same time Giuliano would be killed in Florence. When Lorenzo declined an invitation to Rome it was decided that the murders would be done at a banquet held by Lorenzo. However, Giuliano did not attend the banquet and sent apologies that he was ill. The conspirators decided that they had no choice but to commit the deed in the Cathedral during the Easter Service.
1478 (26th April)
Pazzi Conspiracy
During the Easter service Lorenzo and Giuliano were attacked by Members of the Pazzi family. Lorenzo was injured but managed to get to the safety of the sacristy. Giuliano died after being struck on the head by Bernardo Bandini dei Baroncelli and stabbed 19 times by Francesco de Pazzi.
1478 (26th April)
Francesco de Pazzi and Archbishop Francesco Salviati were hanged. Jacopo de Medici escaped.
1478 (30th April)
Jacopo de Medici was captured and hanged.
1478 (after)
All members of the Pazzi family were exiled from Florence and forced to take a new name.
1478 (after)
Bianca appealed to her brother for clemency and Guglielmo life was spared. He was placed under house arrest for a short time and then exiled. Bianca and Guglielmo left Florence.
1483 (during)
A son, Alessandro, was born to Bianca de Medici and Guglielmo de Pazzi.
1488 (during)
Bianca de Medici/Pazzi died.

 

Published Feb 19, 2022 @ 1:31 pm – Updated – Feb 19, 2022 @ 1:42 pm

 

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2022). Bianca de Medici 1445 – 1488. Available: https://www.totallytimelines.com/bianca-de-medici-1445-1488 Last accessed July 6th, 2022