Britain 1930 – 1997

This timeline details the main political events in British History 1920 – 1997 – and is linked to the OCR A-Level topic Britain 1930 – 1997 and the Edexcel A-Level topic Britain 1918 – 1997 1920s 1920 (March) Irish War of Independence Foreign Secretary, Winston Churchill, authorised a force of predominantly ex-soldiers, the Black and … Read more

Battle of Hastings 14th October 1066

This timeline details the background to and events of the Battle of Hastings, 14th October 1066 Please note times given for the battle of Hastings are based on known times and sequence of events Background 1042 (8th June) Edward the Confessor, son of Aethelred the Unready and Emma of Normandy succeeded his half-brother Harthacnut as … Read more

September 11th Terror Attacks 2001 (9/11)

This timeline details the events of September 11th 2001 (9/11) which saw four planes hijacked by members of the terrorist Al-Quaeda group. Three were deliberately crashed into the World Trade Center buildings and the Pentagon, while the fourth crashed into a field in Pennsylvania. Around 3,000 people lost their lives in the attacks.  Please note: … Read more

Pearl Harbor, Causes and Main Events 1919 – 1941

This timeline details the main causes and events of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor 1941 Please note: times shown are local times, where applicable Hawaii time has also been given. Causes 1919 (4th May) Paris Peace Conference The Paris Peace Conference held at the end of World War One, had given German rights in … Read more

World War One/ First World War 1914 – 1918

This timeline details the main events of World War One also known as the Great War, WWI and the First World War from 1914 to 1918 see also Causes of World War One World War Two 1914 1914 (28th June) The heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie were assassinated. … Read more

The American Dream – United States of America 1915 – 1988

This timeline details the main events in twentieth century United States of America History and is linked to the A-Level topic In Search of the American Dream: The USA c.1917 – 1996 1915 (during) The United States of America was 126 years old. Its system of government was well established and its policies gave rise … Read more

The Peasant’s Revolt Causes and Events 1348 – 1381

This timeline is a chronology of  the causes and events of the Peasant’s Revolt Causes 1348 (June) The Black Death This deadly form of plague reached England.   1349 (during) Ordinance of Labourers The Black Death had killed around a third of the population. This meant that there were food shortages as there was a … Read more

Prohibition in America, Causes and Events 1789 – 1933

This timeline is a chronology of the causes and events of Prohibition in America Causes 1789 (during) A group of farmers formed a Temperance association. They had been influenced by ‘The Inquiry into the Effects of Ardent Spirits upon the Human Body and Mind’ which had been published in 1784 by the physician Benjamin Rush. … Read more

The California Gold Rush 1842 – 1884

This timeline details the events of the California Gold Rush 1842 – 1884 1842 (9th March) Francisco Lopez found gold in Santa Clarita, California. California was part of Mexico at the time. 1843 (during) Francisco Lopez found more gold in San Feliciano Canyon, California. The find was not publicised. 1846 (during) Francisco Lopez and other … Read more

1917 Russian Revolution Causes and Events

This timeline is a chronology of the causes and main events of the 1917 Russian Revolution. NB. The dates used are those of the Julian Calendar, which was in use in Russia at the time of the Russian Revolution. See also: Tsarist Russia 1855 – 1922 Vladimir Lenin 1870 – 1924 Causes 1905 (16th January) … Read more

Bay of Pigs Invasion 1961 Causes and Events

 This timeline details the Causes and Events of the Bay of Pigs Invasion of Cuba Long Term Causes 1868 (10th October) Ten Years’ War Cuba had been under control of Spain since it was discovered by the Spanish in 1492. Rich in sugar plantations, the land was exploited by the Spanish. Cuban nationals now demanded … Read more

American Civil Rights Movement 1865 – 1968

 This timeline details the main events of the American Civil Rights Movement 1865 (31st January) 13th Amendment This amendment to the United States Constitution abolished slavery. However, particularly in the southern states, black Americans were still subject to discrimination by white supremacists and state laws known as Black Codes. These codes were enacted by individual … Read more

American War of Independence Causes and Events 1763 – 1784

 This timeline details the main causes and events of the American War of Independence also known as the American Revolutionary War Main Causes 1763 (15th February) Seven Years War The war ended with the British and their allies victorious. 1763 (late February) The British Prime Minister, John Stuart, Earl of Bute, decided that it would … Read more

Pilgrimage of Grace 1536 – 1537

This timeline is a chronology of the main events of the protest against religious changes and the closure of the monasteries known as the Pilgrimage of Grace. Background 1534 (Summer) The small order of Friars Observant in London was closed and their seven houses acquired by the crown. Father Forrest from the Greenwich Friars Observant was … Read more

The Falklands War 1982

 This timeline details the main events of the Falklands War of 1982 Causes 1976 (29th March) General Jorge Rafael Videla became President of Argentina. Videla was head of the military that removed Isabel Martinez Peron, second wife of Juan Peron, from the position. 1981 (during) The Falkland Islanders voted in a referendum to remain a … Read more

Hungarian Revolution 1956

 This timeline details the main events of the Hungarian Revolution, also known as the Hungarian Uprising of 1956 See Also: International Relations: The Cold War 1945 – 1991 Long Term Causes 1940 (20th November) Tripartite Pact Hungary signed this Pact and joined the Axis Powers in World War Two. 1944 (early) Hungarian Prime Minister, Miklos … Read more

Tudor Executions 1485 – 1603

It is estimated that around 85,000 people were executed during the reigns of the Tudor Monarchs. This timeline details the most notable Tudor executions. See also: The Tudor Period 1485 – 1603 Tudor executions during the reign of King Henry VII 1485 – 1509 1485 (25th August) William Catesby aged about 35 years William Catesby … Read more

Reading and Leeds Festival Headline Acts 1961 – Present Day

This timeline is a chronology of headline acts at Reading and Leeds festival held over August Bank Holiday weekend from 1961 to Present Day 1961 National Jazz Festival – Richmond Saturday 26th August – Alvin Roy’s Saratoga Jazz Band Sunday 27th August – Alex Welsh and His Band 1962 National Jazz Festival – Richmond Saturday … Read more

Eurovision Song Contest Winners 1956 – Present Day

This timeline details the date, host city, winning country, artist and song of the yearly Eurovision Song Contest from 1956 to present day. 24th May 1956 Host City- Lugano, Switzerland Eurovision Winner – Switzerland Lys Assia singing ‘Refrain’ 3rd March 1957 Host City – Frankfurt, Germany Winner – Netherlands Corry Brokken singing ‘Net Als Toen’ … Read more

Panama Canal 1513 – Present Day

This timeline shows a chronology of the construction and expansion of the Panama Canal 1513 (during) The explorer Vasco Nunez de Balboa was the first person to cross Panama. 1524 (during) Charles V of Spain, Holy Roman Emperor, wanted to find a route through Central America that would offer a direct route for ships travelling … Read more

1905 Russian Revolution Causes and Events 1861 – 1906

This timeline is a chronology of the causes and main events of the 1905 Revolution in Russia. See also: 1917 Russian Revolution Tsarist Russia 1855 – 1922 Tsar Nicholas II 1868 – 1918 Long Term Causes 1861 (3rd March) Serfdom was abolished when Tsar Alexander II signed the Emancipation of the Serfs Decree bringing serfdom … Read more

The Jacobite Movement 1668 – 1788

This timeline details the main events of The Jacobite Movement – the cause of the supporters of the Catholic heirs of King James II from 1668 to 1788 to reclaim the British throne following the Glorious Revolution 1668 (around) Prince James, brother to Charles II and heir to the throne, converted to Catholicism. His conversion … Read more

Brexit Key Events 2013 –

This timeline shows the key events in Brexit – the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union. 2013 (23rd January) Prime Minister David Cameron made a speech promising the people of the United Kingdom a referendum on Britain’s membership of the European Union if his Conservative Party won the next General Election. 2015 … Read more

Weimar and Nazi Germany 1918 – 1945

This timeline details the main events in Weimar and Nazi Germany from 1918 – 1945 Weimar Republic 1918 (9th November) Kaiser Wilhelm abdicated and Germany was declared a Republic. A provisional coalition government was formed. It was made up of SPD (German Social Democratic Party) and USPD (Independent German Social Democratic Party) members under the … Read more

Pilgrim Fathers 1607 – 1621

This timeline details the main events of the Pilgrim Fathers from their departure from England to the Netherlands in 1607 to the celebration of the first harvest in 1621. 1607 (during) Members of William Bradford’s congregation in Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, began to be persecuted for their Separatist belief. They attempted to leave England for the Netherlands … Read more

The Stuarts 1603 – 1714

This timeline details the main events of the Stuarts accession of James I, VI of Scotland to the death of Queen Anne in 1714. 1603 (24th March) The period of the Stuarts began when James VI of Scotland became King James I of England, Ireland and Wales after Elizabeth I died. James was the son … Read more

Industrial Revolution 1708 – 1918

This timeline gives a chronological listing of the main events of the Industrial Revolution 1708 (during) Jethro Tull developed a mechanised seed drill. This made planting quicker and more efficient. 1709 (during) Abraham Darby used coke instead of coal to smelt iron at his ironworks in Coalbrookdale, Shropshire. 1712 (during) Thomas Newcomen developed the first … Read more

The Great Fire of London 1666

This timeline is a chronology of the Great Fire of London September 1666 Please note that some times given are approximations determined by the sequence of events for that day as noted in relevant sources. See also: The Great Plague 1665 1559 (during) Daniel Baker had warned that London would be destroyed by ‘a consuming … Read more

Space Travel and Exploration 1926 – Present Day

This timeline details a history of space travel and exploration including details of the Space Race between the USA and the USSR. First Rockets 1926 (16th March) The first liquid fuelled rocket was launched by Robert Goddard. 1929 (17th July) Robbert Goddard launched a rocket carrying a barometer and a camera from Auburn, Massachussetts. 1942 … Read more

The Spanish Armada Causes and Events 1534 – 1588

This timeline details the main causes and events of the Spanish Armada  Please note: the dates used in this timeline are those that were in use in England in 1588. In Spain the change from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar occurred in 1582, in England the change did not take place until 1752. The … Read more

BBC Sports Personality of the Year 1954 – Present Day

This timeline details the winners of the BBC Sports Personality of the Year from 1954 to present day 1954 Christopher Chataway – Athletics 1955 Gordon Pirie – Athletics 1956 Jim Laker – Cricket 1957 Dai Rees – Golf 1958 Ian Black – Swimming 1959 John Surtees – Motorcycle racing 1960 David Broome – Show jumping … Read more