Pompey Magnus 106 BCE – 48 BCE

Pompey Magnus
Father – Gnaeus Pompeius Strabo
Mother – Not known
Spouse – Antistia, Aemilia, Mucia, Julia, Cornelia
Children – Gnaeus Pompeius, Pompeia Magna, Sextus Pompeius

Please note: we have chosen to use the new format BCE (before common era) rather than the old BC (before Christ)

Read morePompey Magnus 106 BCE – 48 BCE

Julius Caesar 100 BCE – 44 BCE

Julius Caesar

Father – Gaius Julius Caesar
Mother – Aurelia Cotta
Spouse – Cornelia, Pompeia, Calpurnia
Children – Julia, Caesarion, Octavian (adopted)
Dictator of Rome – 49 BCE – 44 BCE

Please note: we have chosen to use the new format BCE (before common era) rather than the old BC (before Christ)

Read moreJulius Caesar 100 BCE – 44 BCE

Kings and Queens of England and Britain 827 – Present Day

Kings and Queens of ScotlandThis timeline details all Kings and Queens of England and Britain from 827 to present day

From 1327 England and Wales have shared Kings and Queens

From 1603 England, Wales and Scotland have shared Kings and Queens 

The Kings and Queens of England also ruled Ireland from 1254 to 1936 when the Republic of Ireland broke from the monarchy, Northern Ireland, as part of the United Kingdom retained the monarchy.

See also Royal Consorts of England and Britain 940 – Present Day
Kings and Queens of Scotland 843 – Present Day

Read moreKings and Queens of England and Britain 827 – Present Day

Kings of France 843 – 1870

This timeline details all Kings of France from 843 to 1848

Kings of France

The Kingdom of France began in 843 when Charles II, Carolingian King of the Franks took control of West Francia.
There were only Kings in France because the country was subject to Salic law meaning that women could have no place in the succession.

See also: Presidents of France

Read moreKings of France 843 – 1870

King Aethelred the Unready of England 966 – 1016

Aethelred the UnreadyFather – King Edgar
Mother – Aelfthryth
Spouse – Aelfgifu of York, Emma of Normandy 
Children – Aethelstan, Ecgbert, Edmund, Eadred, Eadwig, Edgar, Eadgyth, Aelfgifu, Wulfthryth, Edward, Alfred, Godgifu
King of England – 978 – 1013 
Predecessor – Edward the Martyr
Successor – Sweyn Forkbeard
King of England – 1014 – 1016 
Predecessor – Sweyn Forkbeard – 1013 – 1014
Successor – Edmund II (Ironside) – 1016

Read moreKing Aethelred the Unready of England 966 – 1016

The Black Death 1346 – 1353

Black DeathThis timeline is a chronology of the spread of the Black Death that reached Europe in the mid 14th century killing around 50 million people – possibly as many as two thirds of the population.

It was originally thought that the disease was spread by black rats, but due to the rate of spread and the lack of evidence of large numbers of rat corpses (Bubonic plague kills rats), it is now thought that the bacillus that caused the disease was airborne; spread by the victims themselves.

See also: Pandemics 430BCE to Present Day
The Great Plague of London 1665 and
Outbreaks of Plague 430 BCE to Present Day

Read moreThe Black Death 1346 – 1353

Cosimo de Medici 1389 – 1464

Born – 27th September 1389 Died – 1st August 1464 Father – Giovanni di Bicci de Medici (1360 – 1429) Mother – Piccarda Bueri (1368-1433) Spouse – Contessina de Bardi (1390 – 1473) Children – by Contessina – Piero (1416 – 1469), Giovanni (1421 – 1463), illegitimate – Carlo (1430 – 1492) Lord of Florence … Read more Cosimo de Medici 1389 – 1464

Isabella of Castile 1451 – 1504

Isabella of Castile

Father – King Juan II of Castile
Mother – Isabella of Portugal
Spouse – Ferdinand of Aragon
Children – Isabella, Juan, Joanna, Maria, Catalina (Catherine of Aragon)
Queen of Spain 1474 – 1504
Ruled jointly with Ferdinand of Aragon 1475 – 1504
Sucessor – Ferdinand of Aragon 1504 – 1516

Read moreIsabella of Castile 1451 – 1504

Ferdinand II of Aragon 1452 – 1516

Ferdinand of Aragon

Father – King Juan (John) II of Aragon
Mother – Juana Enriquez
Spouse – Isabella of Castile
Children – Isabella, Juan, Joanna, Maria, Catalina (Catherine of Aragon)
King of Spain 1475 – 1516
Ruled jointly with Isabella of Castile 1475 – 1504
Successor – Charles I – 1516 – 1556

Read moreFerdinand II of Aragon 1452 – 1516

King Louis XII of France 1462 – 1515

King Louis XII of France

Father – Charles, Duke of Orleans
Mother – Marie of Cleves
Spouses – Joan of France, Anne of Brittany, Mary Tudor
Children – By Anne of Brittany – Claude, Renee
King of France – 1498 – 1515
Preceded by – Charles VIII – 1483 – 1498
Succeeded by – Francis I – 1515 – 1547

Read moreKing Louis XII of France 1462 – 1515

The Tudors 1485 – 1603

The Tudors symbol the Tudor RoseThis timeline details the main events that happened during the reign of the Tudors from the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485 to the accession of James I in 1603

See also: Tudor Executions 1485 – 1603

Read moreThe Tudors 1485 – 1603

King Philip II of Spain 1527 – 1598

Philip II of Spain

Father – Charles V Holy Roman Emperor
Mother – Isabella of Portugal
Spouses – Maria Manuela, Mary I of England, Elisabeth of Valois, Anna of Austria
Children – by Maria – Don Carlos; by Elisabeth – Isabella, Catherine; by Anna – Ferdinand, Carlos, Diego, Philip, Maria
King of Spain – 1556 – 1596
Preceded by – Charles I
Succeeded by – Philip III

Read moreKing Philip II of Spain 1527 – 1598

The Spanish Armada Causes and Events 1534 – 1588

The Spanish Armada

This timeline details the main causes and events of the Spanish Armada 

Please note: the dates used in this timeline are those that were in use in England in 1588. In Spain the change from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar occurred in 1582, in England the change did not take place until 1752. The change in calendar meant that the following day jumped forward by 10 days and explains why some sources date the events of the Armada 10 days later than those used here.

Read moreThe Spanish Armada Causes and Events 1534 – 1588

The Stuart Period 1603 – 1714

The Stuart Period 1603 - 1714

This timeline details the main events of the Stuart period from the accession of James I, VI of Scotland to the death of Queen Anne in 1714.

Read moreThe Stuart Period 1603 – 1714