The Zhou Dynasty was sub-divided:
Western Zhou (1046 BCE – 771 BCE) founded by Wu of Zhou
Eastern Zhou (770 BCE – 256 BCE) founded by Ping of Zhou who moved the court to the East
This first period is known as the Western Han.
Wang Mang took control following the death of Liu Ying. In 23 CE Liu Xiu took control, killed Wang Mang and reinstated the Han Dynasty with a court in the East.
This second period of the Han Dynasty is known as the Eastern Han.
The period was split between the Western Jin 266 – 316 and the Eastern Jin 317 – 420. In 266 Sima Yan took control of the Cao Wei Kingdom. The dynasty ended when Jin Gongdi allowed Liu Yu to take control. Liu Yu then founded the Song dynasty in the South.
China was unified under the leadership of Yang Jian who established the Sui Dynasty. He ordered sections of the Great Wall enlarged and repaired for defence. The dynasty fell after Emperor Yangdi failed to secure the capital against rebel attack.
The Tang dynasty saw the economy of China grow considerably. In 858 flooding killed tens of thousands of peasants leading to dissatisfaction and rebellion. In 907 the Tang dynasty fell to the Liang.
Liao Taizu was a tribal leader who unified the Qidan tribes and established a kingdom. The dynasty fell after the Tianzuo Di was captured by an army of the Jin dynasty.
The Song Dynasty is subdivided into the Northern Song 960 – 1127 and the Southern Song 1127 – 1276. In 1100 China’s population reached 100 million. After being defeated by the Jin Dynasty, the Song moved south to Huangzhou. The dynasty was defeated conquered by Kublai Khan.
Aguda was the chieftan of the Wanyan tribe. The Jin dynasty was in constant conflict with the Song dynasty. The dynasty fell after Jin Modi, also known as Wanyan Chenglin, was killed by the Yuan army.
Italian explorer Marco Polo lived at the court of Kublai Khan and founded the Silk Road trade route between Europe and China. Khan’s sons were unable to hold the Empire together and the Dynasty was defeated by Zhu Yuanzhang.
The Great Wall of China was built during this period. Peking (Beijing) became the home of the Emperor. The Dynasty ended when Emperor Chongzhen committed suicide.
In 1912 the Xuantong Emperor, Puyi, was forced to abdicate by the leaders of the Chinese Revolution.
Published Mar 15, 2020 @ 4:50 pm – Updated –
Harvard Reference for this page:
Heather Y Wheeler. (2020). Dynasties of China 2070 BCE – 1912. Available: https://www.totallytimelines.com/dynasties-of-china. Last accessed December 4th, 2021