Eleanor of Aquitaine 1122 – 1204

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Eleanor of Aquitaine

 

Father – William X of Aquitaine
Mother – Aenor de Chatellerault
Spouse – Louis VII of France, Henry II of England
Children – William, Henry, Matilda, Richard, Eleanor, Geoffrey, Joan, John

 

 

1122
Eleanor was born the daughter of William X Duke of Aquitaine and Aenor de Châtellerault
1130 (Spring)
Eleanor’s mother and brother died leaving Eleanor heir to the Duchy of Aquitaine.
1137 (9th April)
William Duke of Aquitaine died while on pilgrimage to St James of Compostela and Eleanor inherited Aquitaine. King Louis VI, King of France was appointed her guardian.
1137 (25th July)
Married Louis, heir to the French throne
1137 (1st August)
Became Queen of France when the French King died and Louis became King Louis VII.
1137 (25th December)
Eleanor and Louis were crowned King and Queen of the Franks
1145 (April)
Eleanor gave birth to a daughter, Marie
1147 (during)
Eleanor accompanied her husband Louis VII on the Second Crusade
1148 (during)
Eleanor developed a very close relationship with her uncle, Raymond of Poitiers, who was staying in Antioch at the time. The relationship made Louis jealous and led to a distancing of the relationship between Eleanor and Louis.
1149 (May)
The ship carrying Eleanor back to France from the Holy land was attacked by Byzantine ships. Eleanor escaped but due to a storm her ship was blown off course.
1149 (July)
Eleanor’s ship reached Palermo in southern Italy
1150 (July or August)
Eleanor gave birth to a second daughter, Alix
1152 (11th March)
Eleanor’s marriage to Louis VII was annulled on the grounds of consanguinity
1152 (18th May)
Eleanor, aged 30 years, married Henry Plantagenet, the 18 year old grandson of Henry I
1153 (17th August)
A son, William, was born to Henry Plantagenet and Eleanor of Aquitaine. He was styled Count of Poitiers.
1154 (25th October)
Henry Plantagenet became King Henry II of England
1155 (28th February)
A son, Henry, was born to Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine. He was later known as the Young King
1156 (April)
Henry and Eleanor’s son, William died
1156 (June)
A daughter, Matilda, was born to Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine. She was styled Duchess of Saxony
1157 (8th September)
A son, Richard, was born to Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine
1158 (23rd September)
A son, Geoffrey was born to Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine
1162 (13th October)
A daughter, Eleanor, was born to Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine
1165 (October)
A daughter, Joan was born to Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine
1166 (24th December)
A son John was born to Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine
1168
Eleanor presided over her own court in Poitiers
1170 (14th June)
Eleanor and Henry’s eldest son, Henry was crowned. He was known as the Young King
1173 (March)
Eleanor’s sons rebelled against their father. They complained that they had not been given enough power by their father. It is likely that Eleanor took a part in this and did provide her sons with military men and weapons.
1174 (8th July)
Eleanor and her son, Henry, took a ship from Harfleur to Southampton
1174 (July)
Upon landing in Southampton Eleanor was taken to Winchester and held prisoner by Henry II.
1183 (11th June)
Henry, the Young King died from dysentery
1186 (19th August)
Geoffrey, duke of Brittany, son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine died
1189 (6th July)
Henry II of England died and Richard became King Richard I. Eleanor was released from imprisonment and ruled England as regent until Richard could sail for England
1189 (13th July)
Matilda, daughter of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine, died
1189 (13th August)
Richard I reached England
1190 (July)
Richard and Phillip II of France embarked on a Third Crusade to the Holy land. Eleanor was left as regent of England in her son’s absence.
1192 (December)
While returning home from Crusade Richard I was captured and held to ransom by Duke Leopold V of Austria.
1194 (February)
Eleanor went to Austria to pay the ransom of 150,000 marks for the release of Richard who then returned home to England.
1199 (6th April)
Richard I died while laying siege to a castle in Aquitaine. Eleanor’s youngest son, John, became King of England
1199 (4th September)
Joan, daughter of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine, died
1200 (22nd May)
Eleanor was instrumental in arranging the peace treaty between England and France which was sealed with the marriage of her grand daughter, Blanche of Castile, to King Louis VIII.
1202 (during)
Eleanor helped to hold Poitou in the face of an attack by her grandson, Arthur of Brittany.
1204
Eleanor died at the monastery at Fontevrault in Anjou

 

Published Mar 15, 2016 @ 18:10 – Updated – Feb 22, 2018 @ 12:40 pm

 

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2016). Eleanor of Aquitaine Timeline. Available: https://www.totallytimelines.com/eleanor-of-aquitaine-1122-1204 Last accessed January 20th, 2019

 

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