Eleanor of Castile, was born to Ferdinand III of Castile and Joan of Ponthieu. She was the couple’s second child, her elder brother, Ferdinand, had been born around 1239.
Eleanor’s brother Louis was born to Ferdinand III of Castile and Joan of Ponthieu.
Eleanor’s brother Simon was born to Ferdinand III of Castile and Joan of Ponthieu. He died at a young age.
Eleanor’s brother John was born to Ferdinand III of Castile and Joan of Ponthieu. He died at a young age.
1252 (30th May)
Eleanor’s father died in Spain.
1254 (1st November)
Eleanor married Edward
, son of King Henry III
of England at the Abbey of Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castile.
Eleanor’s husband, Prince Edward, fought with his father, King Henry III in Wales. They defeated Llywelyn ap Gruffydd and took back control of Wales.
Eleanor travelled with Edward to oversee their continental possessions.
Eleanor and Edward returned to England to deal with a worsening situation between the barons and the Crown after King Henry III repudiated changes to government agreed in the Provisions of Oxford 1258.
1264 (14th May)
Battle of Lewes
The barons led by Simon de Montfort defeated King Henry III and Prince Edward and took them both prisoner.
1264 (late May)
Prince Edward managed to escape from Simon de Montfort and began rallying troops.
1264 (17th June)
A daughter, Eleanor, was born to Eleanor of Castile and Prince Edward.
A daughter, Joan, was born to Eleanor of Castile and Prince Edward. She only lived a few months.
1265 (4th August)
Battle of Evesham
The royalist forces led by Prince Edward defeated the rebels and killed Simon de Montfort. King Henry III was released from prison.
1266 (10th July)
A son, John, was born to Eleanor of Castile and Prince Edward.
1268 (13th July)
A son, Henry, was born to Eleanor of Castile and Prince Edward.
Eleanor and Prince Edward, left England to join the eighth crusade.
Eleanor and Prince Edward spent the winter in Sicily.
Eleanor and Prince Edward reached Acre in Palestine.
A daughter, Katherine, was born to Edward and Eleanor of Castile at Acre Palestine. She died after a few months.
1271 (3rd August)
Eleanor’s son, John, died at the Palace of Westminster.
1271 (late Autumn)
Eleanor and Edward received notification that King Henry’s health was deteriorating and that they should make arrangements to return to England.
A daughter, Joan, was born to Eleanor and Edward at Acre, Palestine.
Eleanor of Castile was very upset when an assassination attempt was made on Edward. At Haifa, he was stabbed with a dagger thought to be poisoned and was saved by a surgeon who cut away the poisoned flesh.
Eleanor and Edward began the return journey to England.
1272 (16th November)
King Henry III died. Eleanor’s husband succeeded as King Edward I of England. Robert Burnell was appointed to govern England until Edward and Eleanor returned.
Eleanor and Edward reached Sicily where they learned that Henry III had died and Edward was King.
1273 (24th November)
A son, Alfonso, was born to Edward and Eleanor of Castile in Gascony.
Eleanor and King Edward returned to England.
1274 (19th August)
Edward was crowned King Edward I and Eleanor was crowned Queen consort at Westminster Abbey.
Edward and Robert Burnell began making legal reforms to end the long standing grievances of the barons and re-establish the rights of the crown.
1274 (14th October)
Eleanor’s son, Henry, died.
1275 (11th September)
A daughter, Margaret, was born to Eleanor and Edward at Windsor Castle.
A daughter, Berengaria, was born to Eleanor and Edward. She died before her third birthday
War broke out between Edward and Llewellyn ap Gruffydd when Edward invaded Wales. Llewellyn’s forces had no choice but to retreat to the mountains of Snowdonia. Edward then took the island of Angelsey cutting off Llewellyn’s supply of food and forcing him to submit to Edward.
A daughter, Mary, was born to Eleanor and Edward.
1279 (12th March)
A daughter, Isabella, was born to Eleanor and Edward. She died before the end of the year.
1279 (16th March)
Eleanor’s mother, Joan of Ponthieu, died.
War broke out between King Edward and the Welsh chieftans who were unhappy at Edward’s takeover of Wales.
A daughter, Elizabeth, was born to Eleanor of Castile and King Edward at Rhuddlan Castle, Wales.
1282 (11th December)
Battle of Orewin Bridge
This battle fought between Welsh forces and Edward I saw the Welsh defeated and Llywelyn ap Gruffyd killed.
1284 (3rd March)
Statute of Rhuddlan
This statute divided Wales into shires and introduced English common law into Wales.
1284 (25th April)
A son, Edward
was born to Eleanor and Edward at Caernarvon Castle, Wales.
1284 (19th August)
Eleanor’s son, Alfonso, died.
1285 (15th August)
Eleanor’s daughter, Mary, became a nun at Amesbury Abbey.
A daughter, Beatrice, was born to Eleanor and Edward. She died young.
Eleanor’s husband, King Edward I went to Gascony. While there he ordered the expulsion of all Jews from the region.
A daughter, Blanche, was born to Eleanor and Edward. She died young.
King Edward I returned to England.
Edward ordered the expulsion of all Jews from England.
Margaret, Maid of Norway left Norway for Scotland to take up the throne but died on the journey. This led to a succession crisis in Scotland between Robert Bruce and John Balliol.
1290 (28th November)
Eleanor of Castile died at the manor of Harby, Nottinghamshire.
Eleanor’s body was transported to Westminster Abbey, London. The journey took 12 days and at each stopping point Edward ordered crosses, known as Eleanor Crosses, to be built. The twelve crosses were built at Lincoln, Grantham, Stamford, Geddington, Hardingstone, Stony Stratford, Woburn, Dunstable, St Albans, Waltham, West Cheap (Cheapside) and Charing.
1290 (17th December)
Eleanor was buried in Westminster Abbey.