Eleanor’s husband, Henry, made an agreement with the Pope that his and Eleanor’s son, Edmund should be King of Sicily. Edmund was to march at the head of an army into Sicily and take it from the former King of Sicily’s son. The Pope, Innocent III, agreed to contribute to the cost of the venture. However, Innocent died and was succeeded by Alexander IV who refused to contribute financially and requested repayment of monies already paid.
Pope Alexander IV sent an envoy to England demanding repayment of costs incurred by the papacy in funding an army to go to Sicily. Henry was told that if he did not pay he would be excommunicated. Furthermore, Henry was to fund the army himself and reclaim Sicily.
Henry asked parliament for money but he was told that he could have no money unless he agreed to changes within parliament. The barons wanted a group of 24 men, 12 selected by the King and 12 by the barons to act as advisers to the King. Simon de Montfort was one of the leading barons in this move for reform and one of those put forward by the barons to advise the King.
This treaty agreed a peace between England and France. It officially recognised King John’s loss of Normandy and Poitou to France but confirmed England’s possession of Aquitaine.
This extended and formalised the Provisions of Oxford. Allowing a group of barons to advise the King.
The forces of Simon de Montfort defeated Henry and Edward and took them prisoner.
The royalist forces led by Prince Edward defeated the forces of Simon de Montfort and killed de Montfort. Henry was released from prison.
This imposed harsh fines on those who had rebelled and fought against Henry.
Published Feb 27, 2018 @ 11:17 – Updated –
Harvard Reference for this page:
Heather Y Wheeler. (2016). Eleanor of Provence 1223 – 1291. Available: https://www.totallytimelines.com/eleanor-of-provence-c1223-1291. Last accessed January 21st, 2019
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