1900 (4th August)
Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, the Queen Mother, was born Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon to Claud Bowes-Lyon, Lord Glamis, and Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck at St Paul’s Walden Bury, Hertfordshire. Although St Paul’s Walden Bury was given as her official place of birth it is thought that she may have been born in London. She was the couple’s ninth child.
1900 (23rd September)
Elizabeth was christened in All Saints parish church at St Paul’s Walden Bury.
Elizabeth’s brother, David, was born to Claude Bowes-Lyon and Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck.
Elizabeth’s grandfather died and her parents became Lord and Lady Strathmore. Elizabeth was known as Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon.
Elizabeth began her education at home with a governess.
Elizabeth attended a private school in London.
Elizabeth was sent to the Misses Birtwistle’s Academy where she was taught a range of subjects.
Elizabeth was taken out of school and again educated at home by a governess.
1914 (4th August)
Elizabeth’s family home, Glamis Castle was used as a hospital for recovering servicemen. Elizabeth helped to tend the wounded soldiers.
1915 (27th September)
Elizabeth’s elder brother, Fergus, was killed at the Battle of Loos.
Elizabeth’s brother, Michael, was wounded in service and taken captive as a prisoner of war.
Elizabeth was launched as a debutante in London.
, son of King George V
, proposed marriage to Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon but she turned him down not wanting to become a member of the royal family.
Elizabeth was bridesmaid to Princess Mary, daughter of King George V, when she married Viscount Lascelles.
Prince Albert proposed marriage to Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon for the second time but she turned him down again.
Prince Albert proposed marriage to Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon for the third time and this time she accepted his proposal.
1923 (13th January)
The betrothal of Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon to Prince Albert, Duke of York was announced from Buckingham Palace.
1923 (26th April)
Elizabeth married Prince Albert at Westminster Abbey. After her marriage she was styled Her Royal Highness, Duchess of York.
Elizabeth and Albert visited Northern Ireland.
Elizabeth and Albert made a four-month tour of Kenya, Uganda and the Sudan.
1925 (31st October)
Elizabeth was concerned when Albert made his first public speech at Wembley Stadium and stammered badly.
1926 (21st April)
A daughter Elizabeth Alexandra Mary
was born to Albert and Elizabeth at 17 Bruton Street, London. She was known as Lilibet by the family.
1926 (19th October)
With Elizabeth’s support, Albert visited Lionel Logue, a speech impediment expert, at his Harley Street clinic.
Elizabeth and Albert made a tour of the British Empire. As was the custom, their young daughter, Princess Elizabeth, remained at home with her nannies.
1930 (7th February)
Elizabeth’s brother, John Bowes-Lyon died of pneumonia at Glamis Castle, Scotland.
1930 (21st August)
A daughter Margaret Rose
was born to Elizabeth and Albert at Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland.
1936 (20th January)
Albert’s father, King George V died and Albert’s brother, David, took the throne as King Edward VIII
1936 (11th December)
King Edward VIII abdicated the throne so that he could marry American divorcee Wallis Simpson
1936 (11th December)
Albert reluctantly took the throne as King George VI of Great Britain and Emperor of India. A move which meant that Elizabeth became Queen.
1936 (14th December)
Queen Elizabeth was made a member of the Order of the Garter.
1937 (12th May)
Albert was crowned King George VI
at Westminster Abbey and Elizabeth was crowned Queen consort by the Archbishop of Canterbury
, Dr Cosmo Lang. It was the first coronation broadcast live on radio and television.
1937 (25th December)
King George made a live broadcast to the nation.
1938 (23rd June)
Elizabeth’s mother, Countess of Strathmore, died in London.
King George and Queen Elizabeth made a state visit to France to maintain good relations between Britain and France as Nazi Germany
continued to rise.
King George and Queen Elizabeth made a two-month visit to Canada and the United States where they were very well received.
1939 (3rd September)
War was declared on Germany. King George made a broadcast to the nation at 6pm.
1940 (7th September)
Elizabeth and King George VI made the decision to remain in London during the Blitz to show solidarity with the people. They spent their days at Buckingham Palace but retired to Windsor Castle in the evenings. They frequently visited bombsites to reassure the people.
1940 (13th September)
Elizabeth and George were in Buckingham Palace when a German bomb exploded in the courtyard.
King George’s younger brother, Prince George, Duke of Kent, was killed when his plane, RAF Short Sunderland flying boat W4026 crashed into a hill in Caithness, Scotland.
1944 (7th November)
Elizabeth’s father, Earl Strathmore, died of bronchitis at Glamis Castle.
1945 (8th May)
VE Day. Elizabeth and George VI appeared on the balcony of Buckingham Palace and waved to the crowds.
Elizabeth, George VI, Princess Elizabeth and Princess Margaret made a tour of South Africa.
1947 (20th November)
1948 (14th Novemnber)
A son Charles Philip Arthur George
was born at Buckingham Palace to Princess Elizabeth and Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. He was Elizabeth’s first grandchild.
King George suffered a blocked artery in his right leg and had to postpone a scheduled tour of Australia and New Zealand in order to have surgery to his leg.
1949 (25th May)
Elizabeth’s brother Patrick Bowes-Lyon, Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, died in Scotland.
1950 (15th August)
Elizabeth’s husband, King George, who had always been a heavy smoker, was diagnosed with lung cancer.
1951 (23rd September)
Elizabeth’s husband, King George, underwent an operation to remove his left lung.
Princess Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburgh made a tour of Canada.
1952 (31st January)
Princess Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburgh left London to make a tour of the Commonwealth. Although advised to stay indoors, King George went to the airport to wave the couple off.
1952 (6th February)
Elizabeth’s husband, King George VI, died of lung cancer at Sandringham House, Norfolk. He was succeeded by his and Elizabeth’s daughter, Elizabeth. To avoid confusion with her daughter, Elizabeth took the title Queen Mother.
1952 (15th February)
Elizabeth attended her husband’s funeral service. His body was taken in procession from Westminster Hall to Paddington and then by train to Windsor where he was buried in St George’s Chapel.
1952 (late February)
Elizabeth took herself to Scotland where she mourned her husband for a year.
Elizabeth was persuaded by Winston Churchill to return to London. She made her home in Clarence House.
1953 (24th March)
Elizabeth’s mother-in-law, Queen Mary
, died at Marlborough House.
Elizabeth and her daughter, Princess Margaret, made a tour of Rhodesia (Zimbabwe).
Elizabeth oversaw the care of her grandchildren, Charles and Anne, while Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh made a tour of the Commonwealth.
1960 (19th February)
Elizabeth’s grandson, Prince Andrew, was born to Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.
1960 (6th May)
Elizabeth’s daughter, Margaret, married Antony Armstrong-Jones at Westminster Abbey.
1961 (8th February)
Elizabeth’s sister, Lady Mary Elphinstone, died in Scotland.
1961 (13th September)
Elizabeth’s younger brother, David, died of a heart attack.
1961 (3rd November)
Elizabeth’s grandson, David, Viscount Linley, was born to Princess Margaret and Antony Armstrong-Jones.
Elizabeth was admitted to hospital where she had an emergency appendectomy.
1964 (10th March)
Elizabeth’s grandson, Prince Edward, was born to Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.
1964 (1st May)
Elizabeth’s granddaughter, Lady Sarah Armstrong-Jones, was born to Princess Margaret and Antony Armstrong-Jones.
Elizabeth made a tour of Australia, New Zealand and Fiji.
Elizabeth was admitted to hospital to have a tumour removed from her colon.
1967 (17th November)
Elizabeth’s sister, Rose, died.
1973 (14th November)
Elizabeth’s granddaughter, Princess Anne, married Captain Mark Philips.
Elizabeth made a visit to Iran.
1977 (15th November)
Elizabeth’s great-grandson Peter Philips, was born to Princess Anne and Mark Philips.
1978 (11th July)
Elizabeth’s daughter, Princess Margaret, was divorced from her husband, Antony Armstrong-Jones.
1981 (15th May)
Elizabeth’s great-granddaughter, Zara Philips, was born to Princess Anne and Mark Philips.
1981 (29th July)
Elizabeth was rushed to hospital to have a fish bone removed from her throat.
1982 (21st June)
Elizabeth’s great-grandson, William
, was born to Prince Charles and Diana, Princess of Wales.
Elizabeth was admitted to hospital to have a lump removed from her breast.
1984 (15th September)
1986 (23rd July)
Elizabeth’s grandson, Prince Andrew, married Sarah Ferguson.
1988 (8th August)
Elizabeth’s great-granddaughter, Princess Beatrice, was born to Prince Andrew and Sarah Ferguson.
1990 (23rd March)
Elizabeth’s great-granddaughter, Princess Eugenie, was born to Prince Andrew and Sarah Ferguson.
1990 (4th August)
Elizabeth celebrated her 90th birthday. A parade of many of the organisations of which she was patron was held.
1992 (23rd April)
Elizabeth’s granddaughter, Princess Anne, was divorced from Mark Philips.
1992 (12th December)
Elizabeth’s granddaughter, Princess Anne, married Timothy Laurence.
1993 (8th October)
Elizabeth’s grandson, David Armstrong-Jones married Serena Alleyne Stanhope.
1994 (14th July)
Elizabeth’s granddaughter, Lady Sarah Armstrong-Jones married Daniel Chatto.
1996 (30th May)
Elizabeth’s grandson, Prince Andrew, was divorced from Sarah Ferguson.
1996 (28th July)
Elizabeth’s great-grandson, Samuel, was born to Lady Sarah Armstrong-Jones and Daniel Chatto.
1996 (28th August)
Elizabeth’s grandson, Prince Charles, was divorced from Diana, Princess of Wales.
1999 (5th February)
Elizabeth’s great-grandson, Arthur, was born to Lady Sarah Armstrong-Jones and Daniel Chatto.
1999 (19th June)
Elizabeth’s grandson, Prince Edward, married Sophie Rhys-Jones.
1999 (1st July)
Elizabeth’s great-grandson, Charles, Viscount Linley, was born to David Armstrong-Jones and his wife, Serena.
2000 (4th August)
Elizabeth celebrated her 100th birthday.
Elizabeth fell and broke her collarbone.
2001 (1st August)
Elizabeth needed a blood transfusion for anaemia.
Elizabeth fell and fractured her pelvis.
2002 (9th February)
2002 (30th March)
Elizabeth died in her sleep at the Royal Lodge, Windsor Great Park.
2002 (9th April)
Elizabeth was given a state funeral at Westminster Abbey before being buried in St George’s Chapel, Windsor.