1030 (29th July)
Battle of Stiklestad
The displaced, former King of Norway, Olaf Haraldsson, had heard of the death of the regent, Hakon Eriksson and returned to Norway with a small force to regain his throne. However, the English regent, Sweyn, illegitimate son of King Cnut, put up a good defence and Olaf Haraldsson was killed in the ensuing battle.
The rule of Cnut’s illegitimate son, Sweyn, was unpopular in Norway.
A Norwegian deputation was sent to ask Magnus Olafsson, the young son of Olaf Haraldsson, to return to Norway and take the crown.
Magnus Olafsson returned to Norway with a Swedish army. Cnut’s regent was unable to raise an army to fight off the invasion so he and his mother fled to Denmark where they sought the protection of Sweyn’s half-brother Harthacnut
. Magnus Olafsson, nicknamed the Good, was subsequently crowned King of Norway.
1035 (12th November)
King Canute died. His son, Harthacnut was nominated to take the English throne but the situation in Denmark where he was regent meant that he was unable to leave for England to take the throne. The English magnates made Harold Harefoot, second son of Cnut by his mistress, regent until Harthacnut could sail to England.
1035 (late December)
Alfred Aetheling, youngest son of Emma
and Aethelred the Unready
, arrived in England. It is thought that he planned to restore the throne to his family. After landing in England he marched to London. He was met at Guildford by Earl Godwin
, the most powerful nobleman. However, Earl Godwin had allied himself to Harold Harefoot and Alfred was a threat to Harold. Godwini seized Alfred, blinded him and then sent him to the monastery at Ely.
1036 (5th February)
Alfred Aetheling died at the monastery at Ely of his injuries.
Harold Harefoot, Cnut’s son by his first wife, regent of England for the absent Harthacnut, seized the English throne for himself and was crowned Harold I.
Emma of Normandy, widow of Aethelred and Cnut was either exiled by Harold I or exiled herself to Bruges.
, the eldest son of Aethelred and Emma of Normandy, paid a visit to his mother in Bruges.
Harthacnut, son of Cnut and Emma of Normandy, paid his mother a visit in Bruges.