1070 (11th April)
Stigand, Archbishop of Canterbury
had been excommunicated in the past for holding two offices, however, Harold
had allowed him to continue as Archbishop. William did not and removed him from office, confiscated his land and goods and imprisoned him at Winchester.
William appointed Lanfranc of Bec Archbishop of Canterbury.
Hereward the Wake together with Earl Morcar
had managed to hold the Isle of Ely against the Normans. However, the Normans eventually managed to bribe a local person to show them a safe route across the Fens enabling them to break the rebellion. Morcar was captured but Hereward escaped.
began a new revolt against William but was betrayed by his own men and killed.
Treaty of Abernethy
Malcolm Canmore, King of Scotland, had made several raids into the North of England. In 1072 William rode North, invaded Scotland and forced the signing of the Treaty of Abernethy which agreed a peace. Malcolm’s son, Duncan was taken by William as a hostage.
1072 (22nd February)
Stigand, former Archbishop of Canterbury, died in prison.
1072 (8th April)
William was celebrating Easter at Winchester when a dispute broke out between the Archbishops of Canterbury and York over who was the most important.
1072 (27th May)
Accord of Winchester
This stated that the Archbishop of Canterbury was higher in status than the Archbishop of York.
1072 (27th May)
William appointed the Norman Osbern Fitz Osbern as Bishop of Exeter. He was consecrated in St Paul’s Cathedral.
William returned to Normandy to protect The Maine, a province in the South of Normandy, that had been invaded by Count Fulk of Anjou.
1073 (30th March)
William defeated Count Fulk of Anjou making his position in Normandy more secure.
William spent the whole year in Normandy. England was managed by loyal Norman nobles and Archbishop Lanfranc of Canterbury.
Revolt of the Earls
Roger of Montgomery, Earl of Hereford and Ralph de Gael, Earl of East Anglia were new Norman Earls. Roger allowed Ralph to marry his sister, Emma even though William had forbidden the alliance.
The two men plotted to unseat William and invited the Earl of Northumbria, Waltheof and Sweyn Estrithson of Denmark to join them. Waltheof betrayed the plot to William and was imprisoned. William mobilised Norman forces and Roger was held in the West which meant he could not join Ralph in East Anglia. He was tried and imprisoned.
Odo of Bayeux and Geoffrey de Montbray moved against Ralph who fled to Brittany leaving his new wife, Emma, to face the Normans. Emma held out for two months but then agreed terms with William and left England for Brittany with a guaranteed safe passage.
The Danes arrived in 200 ships but seeing that the rebellion was no real rebellion raided York before sailing home.
1075 (18th December)
1076 (31st May)
Waltheof of Northumberland was beheaded on St Giles’s Hill, Winchester for the part he played in the Revolt of the Earls in 1075. The Earl protested that he had played no part in the actual revolt to no avail.
Odo, Bishop of Bayeux’s new church had been consecrated and it is thought that the Bayeux Tapestry, which depicts the history of the Norman Invasion, was commissioned by him to hang in his new church. The Tapestry was made in Kent which was controlled by Odo. The exact date work began on the Tapestry is unknown but 1077 is thought a likely date.
, eldest son of William I, led a revolt to take Rouen from his father. The revolt failed and Robert was forced to flee to Gerberoi.
Tower of London
The White Tower, the inner tower of the Tower of London, was built on Tower Hill.
Work began on a new cathedral at Winchester.
William, who loved hunting, made large areas of woodland subject to Forest Law. This meant that everything in any designated area, including trees, leaves, birds and animals, belonged to the King. This made life especially difficult for the common people who relied on the woodland for wood and food. Around 20 small hamlets were affected by William’s decision to create a New Forest in Hampshire.
1060 – 1069 << >> 1080 – 1089
Harvard Reference for this page:
Heather Y Wheeler. (2016). English History 1070 – 1079. Available: https://www.totallytimelines.com/english-history-1070-1079 Last accessed September 23rd, 2019