The monarch for this period was William I (The Conqueror)
Malcolm Canmore, King of Scotland, had made several raids into the North of England. William rode North, invaded Scotland and forced the signing of this treaty which agreed a peace. Malcolm’s son, Duncan was taken by William as a hostage.
This stated that the Archbishop of Canterbury was higher in status than the Archbishop of York. This remains the case today.
Roger of Montgomery, Earl of Hereford and Ralph de Gael, Earl of East Anglia were new Norman Earls. Roger allowed Ralph to marry his sister, Emma even though William had forbidden the alliance.
The two men plotted to unseat William and invited the Earl of Northumbria, Waltheof and Sweyn Estridsson of Denmark to join them. Waltheof betrayed the plot to William and was imprisoned. William mobilised Norman forces and Roger was held in the West which meant he could not join Ralph in East Anglia. He was tried and imprisoned.
Odo of Bayeux and Geoffrey de Montbray moved against Ralph who fled to Brittany leaving his new wife, Emma, to face the Normans. Emma held out for two months but then agreed terms with William and left England for Brittany with a guaranteed safe passage.
The Danes eventually arrived in 200 ships but seeing that the rebellion was no real rebellion raided York before sailing home.
William’s half-brother, Odo, Bishop of Bayeux, had built a new church. It is thought that the Bayeux Tapestry, which depicts the history of the Norman Invasion, was commissioned by him to hang in his new church. The Tapestry was made in Kent which was controlled by Odo. The exact date work began on the Tapestry is unknown but 1077 is thought a likely date.
The White Tower, the inner tower of the Tower of London, was built on Tower Hill.
William, who loved hunting, made large areas of woodland subject to Forest Law. This meant that everything in any designated area, including trees, leaves, birds and animals, belonged to the King. This made life especially difficult for the common people who relied on the woodland for wood and food. Around 20 small hamlets were affected by William’s decision to create a New Forest in Hampshire.
Published Jul 30, 2016 @ 11:06 – Updated –
Harvard Reference for this page:
Heather Y Wheeler. (2016 – 2020). English History 1070 – 1079. Available: https://www.totallytimelines.com/english-history-1070-1079 Last accessed October 26th, 2020