1100 (2nd August)
King William II
was killed while hunting in the New Forest. There is continued speculation among historians as to whether William’s death was an accident or whether he was murdered perhaps on order of William’s younger brother Henry
. The throne was claimed by William’s brother Henry.
1100 (5th August)
Henry I was crowned King of England at Winchester. During his coronation he issued the Coronation Charter, also known as the Charter of Liberties, which promised a return to good and fair government.
1100 (5th August)
Coronation Charter of Liberties
Henry issued this charter denouncing his brother’s oppressive rule and promising a return to good and fair government. Henry knew that when Robert Curthose returned to Normandy from Crusade there could be trouble. He therefore promised to grant favours to the Barons if they agreed to support him.
1100 (15th August)
, favourite of King William II, was arrested and imprisoned in the Tower of London on a charge of embezzlement. Henry I wanted to punish Flambard as an example to the people that his rule would be different to that of his brother. Flambard was the first person to be imprisoned in the Tower and was not confined to a cell but had the run of the building.
1100 (23rd September)
1100 (11th November)
William II’s favourite, Ranulf Flambard, escaped from the Tower of London and went to Normandy where he offered to support Robert Curthose
in a bid to take the English throne.
1101 (late Summer)
Treaty of Alton
This treaty was agreed between Henry I and Robert Curthose. Robert agreed to recognise his younger brother Henry I as King of England while Henry renounced claims to all but one of his possessions in Normandy and agreed to pay Robert a yearly pension of 3,000 marks.
Robert of Belleme, Earl of Shrewsbury, and his family were banished to Normandy. Henry seized his possessions and took his castle at Arundel.
Council of London
This Roman Catholic Church council decided that sodomy was a sin against God and also condemned the trade in slaves.
1102 (7th February)
A daughter, Matilda
, was born to Henry I and his wife Matilda.
1102 (25th October)
A son, William Clito, was born to Robert Curthose and his wife.
Henry I married some of his illegitimate daughters to nobles in Normandy hoping to strengthen his position there.
1103 (27th April)
Anselem of Bec went into exile following a dispute with Henry I.
1103 (5th August)
A son, William
, styled Aetheling, was born to Henry I and his wife Matilda.
1103 (10th August)
A very bad storm destroyed the harvest.
Henry invaded Normandy. He occupied Western Normandy taking the towns of Bayeux and Caen.
Henry reached agreement with Anselem of Bec. A clear distinction was made between secular and ecclesiastical powers of prelates.
Henry I invaded Normandy hoping to make further gains.
1106 (28th September)
Battle of Tinchebrai
Henry fought this decisive battle against the combined forces of Robert Curthose and Edgar Aetheling in Normandy. Curthose, his son William Clito and Edgar Aetheling were all taken prisoner by Henry. Henry declared himself Duke of Normandy
1107 (11th August)
Henry I and Anselem of Bec finally resolved their differences. The occasion was marked by a mass consecration of bishops by Anselem at the Palace of Westminster.
Chichester Cathedral was consecrated.
Henry I faced increasing opposition in Normandy from Louis VI of France and Count Fulk of Anjou.
1108 (10th April)
Henry’s daughter Matilda was betrothed to Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor.
1109 (21st April)
Anselem of Bec, Archbishop of Canterbury, died.