The royal caravan still toured the country as it had in Saxon times collecting dues and dispensing justice but it was becoming increasingly necessary to establish a central judiciary and clearing house. Roger, Bishop of Salisbury, the king’s closest adviser, was created Justicar. He instituted a revenue counting system using a large chequered cloth. The royal treasurer and other officials argued policy and expenditure needs across this cloth and the department soon became known as the Exchequer.
King Henry I went to Normandy to put down a rebellion led by Robert of Shrewsbury.
The rebellion in Normandy ended when the leader, Robert of Shrewsbury, was captured by Henry I. Henry I also made peace with Anjou and Brittany by betrothing his son, William Aetheling, to Count Fulk of Anjou’s daughter, and betrothing one of his illegitimate daughters to Conan of Brittany.
Treaty of Gisors
This treaty agreed a peace between King Henry I and King Louis VI of France. Under the terms of the treaty Henry I became overlord of The Maine and Brittany. He subsequently gave The Maine to Fulk of Anjou as part of his son’s marriage settlement.
1114 (7th January)
Henry’s daughter, Adelaide, married Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor. Her name was changed to Matilda on her marriage.
A number of Norman lords in Wales were under attack from Gruffudd ap Cynan and Owain ap Cadwgan. Henry sent three armies to deal with the Welshmen who were forced to sue for peace. This left Henry in a much stronger position in Wales.
War broke out in Normandy between France, Anjou, Flanders and Normandy. Henry was forced to remain on the defensive as the attackers raided his border towns and many Norman barons rose against him.
The war between Normandy and France continued throughout the year.
1117 (3rd May)
Merton Priory was consecrated.
1118 (1st May)
Henry I’s wife, Queen Matilda, died in England. Henry was unable to attend her funeral due to the war in Normandy.
William Aetheling, Henry I’s son, married Matilda, daughter of Fulk of Anjou, securing peace between Normandy and Anjou.
1119 (20th August)
Battle of Bremule
This was a decisive victory for Henry I over Louis VI ending the war which had begun in 1116.
1119 (19th September)
An earthquake affected Gloucestershire and Warwickshire.
1119 (21st December)
Thomas Becket, who would later become Archbishop of Canterbury, was born in Cheapside, London.