Matilda, Geoffrey and Henry made peace with Louis VII of France. In return for lands in The Vexin, Louis agreed to recognise Henry as Duke of Normandy.
1151 (7th September)
Geoffrey of Anjou died and was succeeded by his son, Henry. Henry, aged 18 years was now Count of Anjou and Duke of Normandy.
asked the nobility to swear fealty to his son, Eustace as his successor. He also asked that his son be crowned but Theobald, Archbishop of Canterbury
, refused. Stephen had the Archbishop imprisoned but he escaped to Flanders.
1152 (3rd May)
1152 (18th May)
Henry of Anjou, Duke of Normandy married Eleanor of Aquitaine. The marriage meant that he controlled the duchy of Aquitaine in addition to Anjou and Normandy.
1153 (6th January)
Henry of Anjou, Duke of Normandy arrived in England. He hoped to try to gain support for his mother’s cause.
Siege of Wallingford Castle
King Stephen lay siege to Wallingford Castle; Henry in turn encircled the besiegers. Church leaders made it clear that they wanted peace and began suggesting terms.
1153 (17th August)
Stephen’s son and designated heir, Eustace of Boulogne, died.
1153 (17th August)
A son, William was born to Henry of Anjou and Eleanor of Aquitaine.
1153 (6th November)
Treaty of Winchester
This treaty, also known as the Treaty of Wallingford and the Treaty of Westminster formalised the Peace of Wallingford. Led by Theobald of Bec, Archbishop of Canterbury, this treaty brought The Anarchy to an end by granting the throne to Stephen for the remainder of his life but providing for the succession of Henry upon Stephen’s death.
1154 (25th October)
King Stephen died and Henry of Anjou succeeded to the throne as King Henry II. His accession ended the Norman dynasty and began the Angevin/Plantagenet dynasty.
1154 (8th December)
Henry of Anjou returned to England to take the throne.
Peter de Bermingham gained a charter of marketing rights from Henry II and began a market in the area known as the Bull Ring.
1154 (14th December)
Nicholas Breakspear became Pope Adrian IV, the only English Pope.
1154 (19th December)
Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine were crowned King and Queen at Westminster Abbey.
1155 (28th February)
A son, Henry, later to be styled the Young King, was born to Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine.
Henry still had a few opponents to his rule namely Stephen’s son William and his own brothers Geoffrey and William, so he called on the English barons to swear fealty to him.
1156 (5th February)
Henry paid homage to King Louis VII of France in order to secure the French King’s recognition for his titles – Duke of Normandy, Count of Anjou, Count of Maine and Duke of Aquitaine.
Prince William, eldest son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine died aged two years and eight months.
A daughter, Matilda, was born to Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine.
King Henry II reached an agreement with Scotland whereby Malcolm IV returned Northumberland, Cumberland and Westmorland to England and in return Henry granted him the title Earl of Huntingdon.
King Henry decided to try to subdue Wales. He invaded Wales with the support of Madog ap Maredudd of Powys and the Prince of Wales, Owain Gwynedd’s brother Cadwaladr.
Battle of Ewloe
The Battle of Ewloe was fought between the forces of Henry II of England and Owain Gwynedd of Wales. The Welsh secured a decisive victory and Henry narrowly avoided capture.
1157 (late July)
King Henry managed to gain control of Rhuddlan in Wales. Fearing the strength of the full Angevin army, Owain Gwynedd agreed peace terms and paid homage to Henry II.
1157 (8th September)
A son, Richard
was born to Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine.
King Henry II left England for Normandy where he would remain for the next 5 years
1158 (27th July)
Henry’s brother Geoffrey, Count of Nantes, died. Henry took Nantes for himself.
Henry II and Louis VII of France signed a treaty that proposed that Henry, the Young King would marry Louis’ daughter Marguerite and in return Louis would secure control of land in The Vexin.
1158 (23rd September)
A son, Geoffrey, was born to Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine.
Henry attempted to take Toulouse which had become independent from Aquitaine, but failed.