English History 1150 – 1159

King StephenHenry IIThis timeline gives a chronological listing of the main events in English History for the years 1150 – 1159

The monarchs for this period were:
Stephen to 1154 
Henry II from 1154

 

1150 (during)
Henry Plantagenet, son of Matilda and Geoffrey of Anjou, was created Duke of Normandy.
1151 (during)
Matilda, Geoffrey and Henry made peace with Louis VII of France. In return for lands in The Vexin, Louis agreed to recognise Henry as Duke of Normandy.
1151 (7th September)
Geoffrey of Anjou died and was succeeded by his son, Henry. Henry, aged 18 years was now Count of Anjou and Duke of Normandy.
1152 (March)
Louis VII divorced his wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine
1152 (Easter)
Stephen asked the nobility to swear fealty to his son, Eustace as his successor. He also asked that his son be crowned but Theobald, Archbishop of Canterbury, refused. Stephen had the Archbishop imprisoned but he escaped to Flanders.
1152 (3rd May)
Matilda of Boulogne, Stephen’s wife, died.
1152 (18th May)
Henry of Anjou, Duke of Normandy married Eleanor of Aquitaine. The marriage meant that he controlled the duchy of Aquitaine in addition to Anjou and Normandy.
1153 (6th January)
Henry of Anjou, Duke of Normandy arrived in England. He hoped to try to gain support for his mother’s cause.
1153 (Summer)
Siege of Wallingford Castle
Stephen lay siege to Wallingford Castle; Henry in turn encircled the besiegers. Church leaders made it clear that they wanted peace and began suggesting terms.
1153 (17th August)
Stephen’s son and designated heir, Eustace of Boulogne, died.
1153 (17th August)
A son, William was born to Henry of Anjou and Eleanor of Aquitaine.
1153 (6th November)
Treaty of Winchester
This treaty, also known as the Treaty of Wallingford and the Treaty of Westminster formalised the Peace of Wallingford. Led by Theobald of Bec, Archbishop of Canterbury, this treaty brought The Anarchy to an end by granting the throne to Stephen for the remainder of his life but providing for the succession of Henry upon Stephen’s death.
1154 (25th October)
Stephen died and Henry of Anjou succeeded to the throne as Henry II. His accession ended the Norman dynasty and began the Plantagenet dynasty.
1154 (8th December)
Henry of Anjou returned to England to take the throne.
1154 (December)
Peter de Bermingham gained a charter of marketing rights from Henry II and began a market in the area known as the Bull Ring.
1154 (14th December)
Nicholas Breakspear became Pope Adrian IV, the only English Pope.
1154 (19th December)
Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine were crowned King and Queen at Westminster Abbey.
1155 (January)
Henry appointed his close friend, Thomas Becket, Chancellor.
1155 (28th February)
A son, Henry, later to be styled the Young King, was born to Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine.
1155 (April)
Henry still had a few opponents to his rule namely Stephen’s son William and his own brothers Geoffrey and William, so he called on the English barons to swear fealty to him.
1156 (5th February)
Henry paid homage to Louis VII in order to secure the French King’s recognition for his titles – Duke of Normandy, Count of Anjou, Count of Maine and Duke of Aquitaine.
1156 (April)
Prince William, eldest son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine died aged two years and eight months.
1156 (June)
A daughter, Matilda, was born to Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine.
1157 (May)
Henry reached an agreement whereby Malcolm IV of Scotland returned Northumberland, Cumberland and Westmorland to England and in return Henry granted him the title Earl of Huntingdon.
1157 (Summer)
Henry decided to try to subdue Wales. He invaded Wales with the support of Madog ap Maredudd of Powys and Owain Gwynedd, Prince of Wales’ brother Cadwaladr.
1157 (July)
Battle of Ewloe
The Battle of Ewloe was fought between the forces of Henry II of England and Owain Gwynedd of Wales. The Welsh secured a decisive victory and Henry narrowly avoided capture.
1157 (late July)
Henry managed to gain control of Rhuddlan and, fearing the strength of the full Angevin army, Owain Gwynedd agreed peace terms and paid homage to Henry II.
1157 (8th September)
A son, Richard, future Richard I, was born to Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine.
1158 (Summer)
Henry II left England for Normandy where he would remain for the next 5 years
1158 (27th July)
Henry’s brother Geoffrey, Count of Nantes, died. Henry took the land for himself bypassing Geoffrey’s son and heir.
1158 (August)
Henry II and Louis VII of France signed a treaty that proposed that Henry, the Young King would marry Louis’ daughter Marguerite and in return Louis would secure control of land in The Vexin.
1158 (23rd September)
A son, Geoffrey, was born to Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine.
1159 (during)
Henry attempted to take Toulouse which had become independent from Aquitaine, but failed.

1140 – 1149 <<   >> 1160 – 1169

 

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2016). English History 1150 – 1159. Available: https://www.totallytimelines.com/english-history-1150-1159. Last accessed June 23rd, 2019