English History 1160 – 1169

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Henry II

 

This timeline gives a chronological listing of the main events in English History for the years 1160 – 1169

The monarch for this period was Henry II

 

 

1160 (2nd November)
Prince Henry was formally betrothed to Marguerite, Louis VII’s daughter as part of a peace treaty between England and France. Henry II gained control of The Vexin as part of the deal.
1161 (during)
Henry II continued fighting to try to take control of Toulouse.
1161 (5th January)
Edward the Confessor was made a saint.
1161 (18th April)
Theobald of Bec, Archbishop of Canterbury, died.
1162 (23rd May)
Thomas Becket was appointed as Archbishop of Canterbury. Henry hoped that his long-standing friendship with Becket would give him the ability to push through reforms reducing the church’s power.
1162 (3rd June)
Thomas Becket was consecrated as Archbishop of Canterbury on the Sunday after Pentecost (Whitsun). He immediately issued a decree that henceforth the first Sunday after Whitsun should be celebrated in honour of the Holy Trinity. This spread throughout the Christendom.
1162 (after June)
Henry and Thomas Becket disagreed over the Church. Henry believed that the clergy were too lenient in the punishment of churchmen that had committed crimes and wanted them tried by the state. Becket disagreed saying that members of the church could only be tried by church court.
1163 (January)
Henry II put down a revolt in Wales and captured Rhys ap Gruffydd. Rhys ap Gruffydd was released a few weeks later and made an alliance with Owain Gwynedd.
1163 (1st July)
Henry required the Welsh prices and Malcolm IV of Scotland to pay homage to him at Woodstock
1163 (1st October)
Henry demanded that clerics who had committed crimes should be handed over to the lay courts for punishment. Becket strongly opposed this despite the fact that the Pope had asked him to try to work more closely with the English King.
1164 (January)
Constitution of Clarendon
This was a meeting of nobles, bishops and the King agreed that the King had jurisdiction over the Church and that the clergy would observe those rights in good faith. The constitution dealt particularly with ‘criminous clerks’ who had committed a secular crime but were being tried by ecclesiastical courts and not receiving due punishment.
1164 (2nd November)
Thomas Becket was found in contempt of court and exiled to France.
1165 (during)
Henry began an affair with Rosamund Clifford.
1165 (Summer)
Henry II invaded Wales but was defeated at the Battle of Crogen.
1166 (during)
Assize of Clarendon
This introduced regular measures for the trial by royal judges of those suspected of serious crimes. Royal judges were men who the King trusted be they earls, barons, abbots or counsellors.
1166 (July)
Henry II conquered Brittany. He forced Conan of Brittany to abdicate in favour of his daughter, Constance. Henry then betrothed his son, Geoffrey to Constance of Brittany.
1166 (24th December)
A son, John, later King John, was born to Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine.
1167 (during)
Henry banned English students from attending Paris University. As a result the numbers of students at Oxford University increased.
1168 (1st February)
Henry’s daughter Matilda married Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony.
1169 (during)
Eleanor of Aquitaine left the English court and formed her own court based on chivalry and courtly love at Poitiers.
1169 (January)
Henry II made peace with Louis XII. The peace was sealed with the betrothal of Henry’s son, Richard to Louis’s daughter Alys. The treaty also agreed that Henry would give Aquitaine to his son Richard, Brittany to his son Geoffrey and his other lands in France to his son Henry.
1169 (1st May)
A Norman force including Richard de Clare, vassal of Henry II, invaded Ireland in support of exiled Diarmait Mac Murchada to help him regain the throne of Leinster.

1150 – 1159 <<   >> 1170 – 1179

 

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2016). English History 1160 – 1169. Available: https://www.totallytimelines.com/Eras/English_History/1160-1169.htm. Last accessed November 8th, 2018

 

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