1200 (22nd May)
Treaty of Le Goulet
This was an agreement between King John
of England and King Philip of France. Philip gained The Vexin and Evreux.
1200 (24th August)
John married Isabella
, the 12 year old daughter of the Count of Angouleme, at Bordeaux.
1200 (8th October)
Isabella of Angouleme was crowned Queen of England at Westminster Abbey.
1201 (11th July)
King John received the submission of Llewellyn ap Iorwerth of Wales in exchange for John’s recognition of Llewellyn as leader of Wales.
1202 (30th April)
Hugh de Lusignan, who had been betrothed to Isabella of Angouleme, complained to Philip of France that John had no right to marry Isabella. Philip summoned John to appear before his court in France but John ignored the request. Philip then declared that John’s lands in France should be forfeited and gave many of them to Arthur of Brittany, John’s nephew.
John’s mother, Eleanor of Aquitaine
, had been placed under siege by Arthur of Brittany. King John managed to break the siege and rescue his mother.
1202 (1st August)
Battle of Mirabeau
King John managed to capture Arthur of Brittany during this battle. He was imprisoned and died shortly afterwards. Many suspected John had had his rival murdered.
1203 (3rd April)
Brittany and Maine joined forces against King John.
John returned to England.
John founded a new Cistercian abbey at Beaulieu in Hampshire.
1204 (24th June)
Philip II of France took control of Normandy. The Channel Islands declared themselves to be independent from Normandy and self-governing provinces of England.
John wanted to raise money to fight Philip of France and regain his lands in France but the barons refused to support him.
1205 (13th July)
1205 (11th December)
John nominated John de Gray, Bishop of Norwich, as the new Archbishop of Canterbury.
1206 (7th June)
John went to Aquitaine to defend his lands.
Pope Innocent III overturned John’s nomination of John de Gray for Archbishop of Canterbury and appointed Stephen Langton to the post. John refused to agree the nomination and was threatened with excommunication by the Pope.
A tax on income was introduced. The income tax was very unpopular.
The Pope told John that if he did not accept Stephen Langton as Archbishop of Canterbury he would serve an interdict on England. This would mean that no church services except baptism and funerals could be held.
1207 (1st October)
A son, Henry
, was born to John and Isabella at Winchester Castle.
1207 (28th August)
The borough of Liverpool was established.
1208 (24th March)
As John had not accepted Stephen Langton as Archbishop of Canterbury, an interdict was served on England. In retaliation John confiscated all church property and many clerics exiled themselves abroad.
1209 (5th January)
A son, Richard, was born to John and Isabella at Winchester Castle.
King John was excommunicated by Pope Innocent III for failing to install Stephen Langton as Archbishop of Canterbury.