English History 1210 – 1219

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King JohnHenry IIIThis timeline gives a chronological listing of the main events in English history for the years 1210 – 1219

The monarchs for this period were:

King John to October 1216
King Henry III from October 1216


1210 (June)
John went to Ireland to receive homage from the Irish chieftans.
1210 (July)
John took Carrickfergus Castle in Ireland.
1210 (22nd July)
A daughter, Joan, was born to John and Isabella.
1210 (November)
John demanded that all Jews should pay money to the crown. Those that refused were imprisoned.
1211 (June)
John went to Wales in an attempt to defeat the Welsh prince Llywelyn the Great. He built a castle at Aberystwyth and occupied Ceredigion.
1212 (during)
John reached agreement with William of Sctoland.
1212 (June)
The Welsh destroyed John’s newly created castle at Aberystwyth.
1210 (10th July)
A large fire destroyed much of London.
1212 (November)
John gave in to the Pope and agreed that Stephen Langton could become Archbishop of Canterbury.
1213 (Easter)
John gave coins to the poor beginning the tradition of distributing Maundy money on the Thursday before Easter.
1213 (30th May)
Battle of Damme
The English destroyed a French fleet off the port of Damme.
1213 (3rd June)
John and Llywelyn the Great reached agreement.
1213 (20th July)
The Pope lifted the excommunication served on King John
1213 (November)
John met with his barons to try to reach agreement.
1214 (exact date unknown)
A daughter, Isabella, was born to John and Isabella.
1214 (2nd February)
John went to France to deal with a new conflict with Philippe.
1214 (during)
John founded a new Cistercian abbey at Beaulieu in Hampshire.
1214 (29th June)
The Interdict on England was lifted by the Pope.
1214 (27th July)
Battle of Bouvines
John’s army of German and Flemish soldiers was defeated by Philippe of France.
1214 (18th September)
Treaty of Chinon
This treaty was signed by John and Philippe of France.
1214 (15th October)
John returned to England where he was facing a rebellion from his barons.
1214 (4th December)
Llywelyn the Great broke the agreement with England and captured Shrewsbury.
1215 (exact date unknown)
A daughter, Eleanor, was born to John and Isabella.
1215 (January)
John met with his barons in London.
1215 (4th March)
To get the Pope on his side against his barons, John swore an oath to go on Crusade.
1215 (27th May)
The barons took control of London.
1215 (15th June)
King John met a deputation of barons and Stephen Langton at Runnymede. John was forced to sign a charter, Magna Carta, which met the barons’ complaints against the King. The charter contained 61 clauses many of which still stand today, most notably that every man has the right to trial by his peers.
1215 (13th September)
John complained to the Pope that he had signed Magna Carta under duress. The Pope then declared that it was void.
1215 (October)
The Baron’s War
War broke out between the barons and King John.
1215 (October)
The Baron’s War
John took Rochester Castle.
1216 (February)
French reinforcements arrived to help the barons. The barons had promised that Philippe’s son would be King of England.
1216 (21st May)
Prince Louis landed in Kent and re-took Rochester Castle.
1216 (June)
Prince Louis of France took Winchester.
1216 (18th October)
King John died at Newark Castle Lincolnshire. He was succeeded by his son, Henry aged 9 years. William the Marshall was nominated regent for the King.
1216 (28th October)
King Henry III was crowned at Gloucester.
1216 (12th November)
William Marshall issued a Charter of Liberties, based on Magna Carta, designed to make peace with the barons.
1217 (20th May)
Rout of Lincoln
Prince Louis of France put Lincoln Castle to siege. A relieving force led by William the Marshall defeated Louis’ force and forced them to flee.
1217 (24th August)
Battle of Sandwich
A fleet of ships carrying reinforcements for Louis of France was defeated by the King’s fleet.
1217 (Autumn)
Louis of France left England.
1217 (12th September)
Agreement was reached with France.
1218 (March)
Treaty of Worcester
This treaty recognised Llywelyn the Great as regent of South Wales.
1219 (during)
William the Marshall died. The regency was taken over by Pandulf.

1200 – 1209 <<   >> 1220 – 1229


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2016). English History 1210 – 1299. Available: https://www.totallytimelines.com/english-history-1210-1219. Last accessed October 20th, 2019


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