Following the death of the regent William Marshall, Stephen Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury
, took over much of the governance of the country. He was assisted by the Justicar, Hubert de Burgh.
1220 (28th April)
Work began on Salisbury Cathedral
1220 (17th May)
King Henry III
was given a second coronation at Westminster Abbey because the Pope believed that Henry’s first coronation in 1216 had not been carried out properly.
1221 (21st June)
King Henry’s sister, Joan, aged ten years, married King Alexander II of Scotland.
1221 (15th August)
Dominican monks began work on Blackfriars, a college of Oxford University.
A new coin, the farthing, was minted.
William Marshall, Earl of Pembroke, took the castles at Carmarthen and Cardigan from Llywelyn the Great.
1224 (5th May)
King Louis VIII of France attacked Poitou, which was English territory, and took the city of La Rochelle. The French king also made it clear Gascony would be attacked next.
1224 (20th June)
Falkes de Breaut was one of a number of nobles that were not happy with the rule of Hubert de Burgh. Hostilities increased and Civil War was narrowly averted. De Breaut was ordered to hand over Plymouth and Bedford Castle to the Crown but he refused. Falkes de Breaut was then found guilty of a trumped up charge of Breach of the Peace. Falkes’ brother then seized the judge. Henry III’s forces now placed Bedford Castle under siege.
1224 (14th August)
The Siege of Bedford Castle ended when the castle was captured by Henry’s forces. Falkes de Breaut and his brother were excommunicated and exiled.
1224 (10th September)
The first Franciscan monks arrived in England.
English troops were sent to France to defend Gascony but they made no attempt to recover Poitou from the French.
The Franciscan monks founded Greyfriars Monastery in London.
King Henry III reached his majority and was given some governmental responsibility but Hugh de Burgh remained influential.
Agreement was reached with France.
1228 (9th July)
Stephen Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury, died.
1228 (3rd August)
Walter d’Eynsham was appointed new Archbishop of Canterbury by the monks of Canterbury.
1229 (10th June)
The appointment of Walter d’Eynsham as Archbishop of Canterbury was overturned by the Pope and Henry III and Richard le Grant was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury in his stead.