1300 (28th March)
Articles of the Charters
This document set out punishments for infringing Magna Carta.
The royal mint was moved to the Tower of London.
1300 (1st June)
1300 (10th October)
King Edward I agreed to a truce between England and Scotland.
1301 (7th February)
Edward’s son and heir, Prince Edward, was invested as Prince of Wales. This began the tradition that the eldest son of the reigning monarch is invested as Prince of Wales.
1301 (5th August)
A son, Edmund, was born to King Edward and Margaret.
1302 (26th January)
Robert the Bruce, grandson of Robert Bruce, claimant to the Scottish throne in 1291, allied himself with the English.
1303 (24th February)
Battle of Roslin
This battle fought between the Scots led by John Comyn and the English led by John Segrave was a victory for the Scots.
1303 (20th May)
A new peace treaty with France was negotiated. The terms of the treaty led to the withdrawal of the French alliance with Scotland. England also regained Gascony.
Most of the Scottish magnates had pledged allegiance to King Edward.
1304 (20th July)
The English took Stirling castle ending resistance to English rule.
1305 (5th August)
Scots rebel leader, William Wallace, was captured by the English.
1305 (23rd August)
William Wallace was found guilty of treason and executed by being hung, drawn and quartered.
King Edward I issued rules for the governing of Scotland.
Although he had aligned himself with the English, Robert the Bruce planned to take the Scottish throne. He murdered John Comyn, John Balliol’s nephew after he refused to support his claim.
1306 (25th March)
Robert the Bruce was crowned King of Scotland.
Edward was furious that Robert the Bruce had made himself King of Scotland and planned to invade Scotland.
Robert the Bruce was forced to flee into exile. Legend states that while in exile he became despondent and ready to give up but seeing the persistence of a spider spinning a web realised that he must try and try again to take the throne.
The heir to the throne, Prince Edward, was knighted.
1306 (17th June)
A daughter, Eleanor, was born to King Edward and Margaret.
Robert the Bruce returned to Scotland and began raising an army.
1307 (26th February)
Prince Edward’s favourite, Piers Gaveston, was banished by the King.
Battle of Loudoun Hill
Robert the Bruce defeated Aymer de Valence.
1307 (7th July)
Edward died at Burgh-on-Sands, Northumberland from dysentery. He was succeeded by his son, Edward II
King Edward immediately recalled his favourite, Piers Gaveston.
1307 (6th August)
Edward controversially created Piers Gaveston Earl of Cornwall.
1308 (25th January)
1308 (25th February)
Edward was crowned King Edward II at Westminster Abbey.
1308 (during February)
The barons were becoming increasingly concerned about the power wielded by Edward’s favourite Piers Gaveston.
The barons, supported by Isabella and her father again complained about the power and influence wielded by Piers Gaveston. Edward reluctantly agreed to send Gaveston away and gave him the title Lieutenant of Ireland before sending him to Ireland.
1309 (27th July)
Parliament agreed to the return of Piers Gaveston on condition that Edward make reforms.