Parliament was scheduled to meet but a great number of nobles stayed away as a protest against the power given to Piers Gaveston by King Edward II
Parliament met and Edward wanted to discuss funding for war with Scotland, however, the barons wanted to discuss Gaveston.
Scottish forces led by Robert the Bruce raided Northumberland.
Lincoln Cathedral was completed.
Under immense pressure Edward was forced to accept the Ordinances – a list of terms that limited the power of the monarch and ordered that Gaveston be exiled.
By the end of 1311 Edward was facing opposition from many of the English barons.
Scottish forces led by Robert the Bruce advanced into England as far south as Durham.
Edward went against the barons wishes, revoked the Ordinances and recalled Gaveston to England.
1312 (Late January)
Edward’s actions had served to further alienate the barons. The barons met secretly in London and drew up a plan to capture Edward II, Isabella and Gaveston.
Edward, Isabella and Gaveston fled north but were followed by the Earls of Lancaster and Pembroke. In an attempt to outwit their pursuers Edward and Isabella went to York leaving Gaveston at Scarborough.
1312 (Late Spring)
Piers Gaveston surrendered to the Earl of Pembroke who took him south. However, on the way Gaveston was seized by the Earl of Warwick who took him to Warwick Castle.
1312 (18th June)
The Earl of Warwick conducted a show trial which found Gaveston guilty of treason.
1312 (19th June)
Piers Gaveston was executed.
1312 (after 19th June)
Edward was furious when he heard the news of Gaveston’s death and vowed to seek revenge on those responsible. However, civil war was averted when the Earls of Pembroke and Surrey pledged their support to Edward.
1312 (13th November)
A son, Edward
was born to Edward II and his wife Isabella
Robert the Bruce reclaimed Perth for Scotland.
Robert the Bruce took the Isle of Man.
With most of the nobles back on side, Edward was able to secure a grant of money from Parliament to reclaim land in Scotland taken by Robert Bruce.
Ordinance of the Staple
This ordinance laid down the only places where English wool could be exported. Edward had put this in place to ensure that the tax on wool was collected.
1313 (11th May)
1313 (28th May)
Thomas Cobham was elected Archbishop of Canterbury.
1313 (1st October)
Pope Clement V overturned the election of Thomas Cobham as Archbishop of Canterbury and appointed Walter Reynolds instead.
Construction of Old St Paul’s Cathedral was completed.
1314 (4th April)
Exeter College, Oxford was founded.
English forces were sent to Scotland to relieve Stirling Castle which was under siege by Robert the Bruce.
1314 (24th June)
Battle of Bannockburn
The English were defeated by the Scots led by Robert the Bruce. A significant number of English nobles were killed including: Henry de Bohun, Gilbert de Clare and Robert de Clifford.
1314 (after 24th June)
The English defeat at Bannockburn meant that the English did not have the numbers to relieve the siege of Stirling Castle and it fell to the Scottish.
The harvest was very poor which caused food prices to increase. People blamed the poor harvest on Edward’s defeat at Bannockburn.
Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, Edward’s cousin became leader of the Royal Council.
1315 (26th May)
Edward Bruce, Robert the Bruce’s younger brother, invaded Ireland.
Heavy rain and storms destroyed the harvest. This was the second poor harvest in succession and it caused widespread famine.
1316 (28th January)
A new Welsh revolt against English rule broke out. It was led by Llywelyn Bren.
King Edward’s cousin, Thomas, Earl of Lancaster became chief Councillor.
1316 (18th March)
The Welsh rebellion was put down and Llywelyn Bren surrendered to Edward’s brother-in-law Humphrey de Bohun.
1316 (13th August)
A second son, John was born to Edward II and his wife Isabella
1317 (14th February)
Roger Mortimer, Earl of March, Justicar of Ireland, forced the Scottish invaders in Ireland to retreat.
Edward had two new favourites, Hugh Despensor and his son also named Hugh. Edward gave the pair lavish gifts and money.
1318 (8th April)
The Scots took Berwick-upon-Tweed from the English.
1318 (13th June)
A daughter, Eleanor, was born to Edward II and his wife Isabella
1318 (9th August)
Treaty of Leake
This treaty outlined an agreement between King Edward II and his cousin Thomas, Earl of Lancaster over the way England would be governed.
1318 (14th October)
Battle of Faughart
An allied Anglo-Irish force succeeded in defeating an allied Scots-Irish force. Edward Bruce, younger brother of Robert the Bruce, was killed during the battle.
The barons once again turned against Edward due to his favouriting of the Despensors and called for the Ordinances to be re-introduced and the Despensors exiled.
1319 (20th September)
Battle of Myton
This battle between the English and the Scots saw the Scottish army victorious.