1394 (7th June)
1394 (2nd October)
An expeditionary force was sent to conquer Ireland.
The English force in Ireland gained submission of Art MacMurrough and the other Irish rebel chieftains in return for full legal status under the English crown.
Treaty of Ardres
Richard negotiated a twenty-eight year truce with Charles VI of France at Ardres. The Treaty was to be sealed by the marriage of Richard to Charles’s daughter Isabella of Valois
1396 (4th November)
Richard married Isabella of Valois, daughter of Charles VI, King of France.
1397 (7th January)
Isabella of France was crowned Queen of England at Westminster Abbey.
1397 (25th September)
Thomas Arundel became Archbishop of Canterbury.
In revenge for the actions of the Merciless Parliament in 1388, Richard ordered the execution of Thomas Duke of Gloucester and Richard Earl of Arundel and the exile of Thomas Earl of Warwick and Thomas Arundel, Archbishop of Canterbury.
1397 (8th November)
Roger Walden became Archbishop of Canterbury.
1398 (16th September)
Richard’s cousin, Henry Bolingbroke
, had quarrelled with the Duke of Norfolk and they had decided to solve the matter using trial by battle. However, King Richard II intervened, forbade the fight and exiled both men.
1399 (3rd February)
Richard’s uncle John of Gaunt
died at Leicester Castle. Richard seized all his Lancastrian lands and gave them to his friends.
Richard’s blatant disregard for the rights of inheritance and his perversion of justice in obtaining convictions against those who opposed him, made him increasingly unpopular among the Lords, the Commons and the Clergy.
Richard went to Ireland to crush a rising by MacMurrough.
1399 (19th August)
While Richard was in Ireland, his cousin, Henry of Bolingbroke landed at Ravenspur in Yorkshire. With the support of Henry Percy Earl of Northumberland and Thomas Arundel, exiled former Archbishop of Canterbury he took the throne.
1399 (29th September)
On his return from Ireland Richard II was arrested and imprisoned in Pontefract Castle. He was forced to abdicate the throne in favour of his cousin, Henry of Bolingbroke.
1399 (12th October)
Henry founded the Order of the Bath
1399 (13th October)
Henry was crowned King Henry IV in Westminster Abbey
1399 (15th October)
King Henry’s eldest son, Henry
, was created Prince of Wales, Duke of Cornwall, Earl of Chester and Prince of Aquitaine.