Henry genuinely believed that he had an inherited claim to land in France and the French throne. In order to allow himself to pursue his claim he set virtually impossible demands for extending the peace with France and began to prepare for an invasion of France.
King Henry V faced an uprising by Richard of York and Henry, Lord Scrope, who wanted to overthrow him and put Richard II’s heir, Edmund Mortimer, on the throne. Henry was warned of the uprising in good time and easily suppressed it.
1415 (12th August)
Henry, at the head of an invading force, sailed for France and landed near Harfleur. He put Harfleur under siege.
1415 (22nd September)
Henry captured Harfleur. However, heavy English losses from dysentery prevented him from marching on Paris so he decided to attack Calais instead.
1415 (25th October)
Battle of Agincourt
Henry’s march to Calais was intercepted by a French army led by Constable D’Albret. Although the English army was outnumbered, Henry used the defensive tactics used by Edward III at the Battle of Crecy and succeeded in routing the French. There were heavy French losses and around 1,000 French prisoners were taken.
Treaty of Canterbury
Henry returned to England and formed an alliance with the German Emperor, Sigismund.
1416 (1st May)
The French fleet formed a blockade of Harfleur.
1416 (15th August)
Battle of the Seine
Henry’s naval force broke the French blockade of Harfleur and saved Harfleur from recapture by the French.
1417 (1st August)
Having rebuilt his army, Henry returned to France determined to take the French throne.
Sir John Oldcastle was captured and executed.
1418 (1st February)
Henry took Falaise.
1418 (22nd August)
Henry took Cherbourg.
1418 (4th September)
Henry took Caen.
1419 (19th January)
Henry took Rouen, the capital of Normandy.
1419 (30th July)
Henry took Pontoise.
1419 (10th September)
The Armagnacs murdered John the Fearless, leader of the Burgundians.
1419 (13th October)
Richard Whittington was re-elected Lord Mayor of London.
The Burgundians allied with the English. Scotland sent reinforcements to aid their allies, the French.