This timeline gives a chronological listing of the main events in English history for the years 1450 – 1459
The monarch for this period was Henry VI
This was a major battle fought between the French and English and was a victory for the French.
Suffolk’s death meant there were only two descendants of the Plantagenet line and both wanted positions in the country. The Duke of Somerset was, like the King, of Lancastrian descent. His rival and heir presumptive to the throne was Richard Duke of York.
Disgruntled Kentishmen rallied behind Jack Cade and marched to London in protest against the government of the country.
The rebels clashed with royal forces at Sevenoaks.
Rebels murdered William Ayscough, Bishop of Salisbury, who had risen to be one of the most powerful men in the country.
The Kentishmen led by Jack Cade reached London and presented a formal complaint.
A battle broke out on London Bridge between Cade’s men and officials of London. The rebels sustained heavy casualties
The King issued a pardon to all of Cade’s men that withdrew from the capital immediately. The pardon did not apply to Cade and he fled south.
Jack Cade was captured near Lewes. However, he was badly wounded and died before he could be tried.
This battle was fought between the French and English and was a victory for the French. The English commander, Talbot, was killed. The battle marked the end of the Hundred Years’ War.
First Battle of St Albans
The forces of Richard Duke of York, supported by Richard Neville, Duke of Salisbury and Warwick defeated and killed the Lancastrians led by the Duke of Somerset and the Duke of Northumberland. King Henry VI was captured.
A Neville force supporting Richard Duke of York fought off a Lancastrian attack that was supported by the Percy family.
Threatened by Margaret of Anjou and her supporters, Richard of York, Warwick and the Nevilles mustered their supporters at Ludlow but when the main Lancastrian army appeared their men deserted. York fled to Ireland and Warwick fled to France.
Published Jan 1, 2017 @ 1:14 pm – Updated –
Harvard Reference for this page:
Heather Y Wheeler. (2017 – 2020). English History 1450 – 1459. Available: https://www.totallytimelines.com/english-history-1450-1459. Last accessed August 4th, 2022