Frederick Louis Prince of Wales 1707 – 1751

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Frederick Louis Prince of Wales

 

Father – King George II
Mother – Caroline of Ansbach
Spouse – Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
Children – Augusta, George, Edward, Elizabeth, William, Henry, Louisa, Frederick, Caroline

 

 

1707 (1st February)
Prince Frederick was born Frederick Louis to George, son of George, Elector of Hanover and Caroline of Ansbach at Leine Palace, Hanover, Germany.
1707 (July)
Frederick’s mother, Caroline, fell ill with smallpox but recovered.
1709 (2nd November)
Frederick’s sister, Anne, was born to Prince George of Hanover and Caroline at Hanover, Germany.
1711 (10th June)
Frederick’s sister, Amelia Sophia Eleanor, was born to Prince George of Hanover and Caroline at Hanover, Germany. She was known as Emily.
1713 (10th June)
Frederick’s sister, Caroline Elizabeth, was born to George of Hanover and Caroline at Hanover, Germany.
1714 (28th May)
Frederick’s great-grandmother, Sophia, died. Her death meant that Frederick’s grandfather was now heir to the throne of Britain.
1714 (1st August)
Frederick’s grandfather became King of Great Britain after Queen Anne, died without issue. Frederick became second in line to the throne of Britain.
1714 (18th September)
Frederick’s father and grandfather sailed to England.
1714 (27th September)
Frederick’s father, George, was invested as Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester.
1714 (October)
Frederick’s mother and sisters went to England. He was left behind in Hanover in the care of his grand-uncle Ernest Augustus to represent the family.
1717 (10th January)
Frederick Louis was created Duke of Gloucester.
1717 (13th November)
Frederick’s brother, George William, was born to George and Caroline at St James’s Palace, London.
1718 (17th February)
Frederick’s brother George William, died at Kensington Palace London.
1721 (26th April)
Frederick’s brother, William Augustus, was born to George and Caroline at St James’s Palace, London.
1722 (during)
Frederick was inoculated against smallpox after his mother championed the practice.
1723 (5th March)
Frederick’s sister, Mary, was born to George and Caroline at Leicester House, London.
1724 (18th December)
Frederick’s sister, Louisa, was born to George and Caroline at Leicester House, London.
1727 (28th May)
Frederick’s father, George, became King George II after his father, George I died in Hanover following a stroke.
1727 (11th June)
Frederick was created Duke of Cornwall and Rothesay.
1728 (during)
Frederick arrived in England. He was a stranger to his parents having not seen them for 14 years and they were unhappy with the fact that he enjoyed drinking, gambling and women.
1728 (during)
The city of Fredericksburg, Virginia, USA, was named after Prince Frederick.
1728 (during)
Frederick was appointed Chancellor of the University of Dublin.
1728 (during)
Frederick, who was heavily in debt, agreed a plan to marry Lady Diana Spencer daughter of the Earl of Sunderland and granddaughter of Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, in exchange for £100,000. Prime Minister Robert Walpole and King George both blocked the marriage.
1729 (around)
Frederick adopted an air of defiance towards his parents and opposed them in most things. He championed the opposition in politics and patronised differing styles of art and music to his parents. He attracted a like-minded set around him.
1729 (8th January)
Frederick was created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester.
1736 (during)
Frederick, frustrated with his father for not raising his allowance, asked Parliament directly to increase his allowance. Parliament raised his income but by less than he had requested. The incident created further tension between Frederick and his father.
1736 (27th April)
Frederick Louis married Augusta, daughter of Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg at the Chapel Royal St James’s Palace, London.
1737 (31st July)
Frederick’s pregnant wife, Augusta, went into labour. Rather than allow his parents to witness the birth, as was the custom, Frederick put her in a carriage and drove her from Hampton Court, where the family was resident, to St James’s Palace where a daughter, Augusta was born. Frederick’s mother was furious at his treatment of his wife and the rift between them deepened.
1737 (August)
Frederick was banished from court and he and his family moved to Leicester House.
1737 (20th November)
Frederick was created Duke of Cornwall and Rothesay.
1737 (20th November)
Frederick’s mother, Caroline, died following a ruptured umbilical hernia. Frederick had been refused permission to be at his mother’s deathbed.
1738 (4th June)
A son, George, was born to Frederick and Augusta at Norfolk House.
1739 (25th March)
A son, Edward, was born to Frederick and Augusta at Norfolk House.
1740 (during)
Frederick favoured musician Thomas Arne. Arne first performed his song ‘Rule Britannia’ at Cliveden, Frederick’s country home.
1741 (10th January)
A daughter, Elizabeth, was born to Frederick and Augusta at Norfolk House.
1741 (30th April)
Although he won the election, Robert Walpole’s majority was drastically reduced largely due to the fact that Frederick campaigned for the opposition.
1742 (16th February)
Robert Walpole resigned as Prime Minister. Spencer Compton was appointed in his stead but King George continued to take advice from his favourite, Lord Carteret.
1743 (2nd July)
Prime Minister Spencer Compton died. Henry Pelham became Prime Minister.
1743 (25th November)
A son, William Henry, was born to Frederick and Augusta at Leicester House.
1745 (July)
Jacobite Rebellion
Charles Edward Stuart, son of James Francis Edward Stuart, known as the Young Pretender, landed in Scotland. King George refused to allow Frederick to join the army and fight the invader.
1745 (7th November)
A son, Henry, was born to Frederick and Augusta at Leicester House.
1747 (26th June)
Henry Pelham was re-elected as Prime Minister over the opposition championed by Frederick.
1749 (19th March)
A daughter, Louisa, was born to Frederick and Augusta at Leicester House.
1750 (13th May)
A son, Frederick, was born to Frederick and Augusta at Leicester House.
1751 (31st March)
Frederick died at Leicester House, London from a pulmonary embolism. His son, George, became heir to the throne.
1751 (13th April)
Frederick was buried in Westminster Abbey.
1751 (11th July)
Frederick’s posthumous daughter, Caroline Matilda, was born at Leicester House.

 

Published Jan 08, 2019 @ 3:00 pm – Updated – Jan 20, 2019 @ 7:32 pm

 

Harvard Reference for this page::

Heather Y Wheeler. (2018). Frederick Louis Prince of Wales 1707 – 1751. Available: https://www.totallytimelines.com/frederick-louis-prince-of-wales-1707-1751. Last accessed January 20th, 2019

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