George of Denmark 1653 – 1708

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George of Denmark

 

Father – Frederick III King of Denmark
Mother – Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Luneburg
Spouse – Queen Anne of Great Britain
Children – Mary, Anne Sophia, William

 

 

 

1653 (2nd April)
George of Denmark was born the son of Frederick III of Denmark and Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Luneburg at Copenhagen Castle, Denmark.
1661 (during)
Otto Grote became George’s governor and was responsible for his education.
1665 (during)
Christen Lodberg replaced Otto Grote as George’s governor.
1668 (July)
George began a Grand Tour of Europe.
1669 (during)
George paid a visit to King Charles II in London as part of his Grand Tour.
1670 (9th February)
George’s father died and his elder brother became King Christian IV of Denmark.
1670 (February)
George travelled to Denmark to attend the funeral of his father and the coronation of his brother.
1674 (during)
George was nominated for the Polish throne but was rejected because he was not a Catholic.
1677 (during)
Scanian War
George served alongside his brother Christian in this war against Sweden and was commended for his bravery.
1677 (14th July)
Scanian War – Battle of Landskrona
George’s elder brother, Christian, was captured by the Swedes during this battle. George fought through enemy lines to rescue his brother from the Swedes.
1683 (28th July)
George married Princess Anne, daughter of James Duke of York, at the Chapel Royal in St James’s Palace, London. After the marriage they made their home in the Palace of Whitehall.
1683 (20th September)
George was made an English subject.
1684 (1st January)
George was made a Knight of the Garter.
1684 (12th May)
Anne was delivered of a stillborn daughter.
1685 (6th February)
George’s father-in-law became King James II of England, Ireland and Wales and James VII of Scotland after Charles II died.
1685 (23rd April)
George and Anne attended the coronation of King James, and his wife, Mary of Modena at Westminster Abbey.
1685 (2nd June)
A daughter Mary was born to Anne and George at Whitehall Palace London.
1686 (during)
George’s father-in-law, King James, appointed Catholics to many of the highest roles in the Scotland and England, a move that upset many of his Anglican supporters.
1686 (12th May)
A daughter Anne Sophia was born to Anne and George at Windsor Castle London.
1687 (early)
George was taken ill with smallpox.
1687 (21st January)
Anne was delivered of a stillborn child.
1687 (2nd February)
George’s daughter Anne Sophia died of smallpox Windsor Castle.
1687 (8th February)
George’s daughter Mary died of smallpox at Windsor Castle.
1687 (Summer)
George made a visit to his relatives in Denmark.
1687 (22nd October)
Anne was delivered of a stillborn son.
1688 (16th April)
Anne suffered a miscarriage. She went to the spa town of Bath to recover.
1688 (10th June)
A healthy son, James Francis Edward, was born to King James and Mary of Modena at St James’s Palace, London.
1688 (mid June)
The birth of King James’s son secured the succession but also meant that there was a very strong likelihood that Catholicism would return to Britain.
1688 (30th June)
Glorious Revolution
Seven Protestant nobles, Earl of Shrewsbury, Earl of Devonshire, Earl of Danby, Viscount Lumley, Bishop of London, Edward Russell and Henry Sydney, wrote to William III of Orange, husband of Anne’s elder sister Mary, and asked him to join them in making Mary heir to the throne in place of the newborn prince. William was told that if he landed in England with a small army he would find that he had much support.
1688 (5th November)
Glorious Revolution
William of Orange, landed at Brixham in Devon. After the army and navy defected to William, King James decided not to march to meet him and attempted to leave the country but was captured.
1688 (18th November)
Anne declared that she approved of William’s invasion.
1688 (24th November)
George gave his full support to William of Orange.
1688 (late)
Anne was delivered of a stillborn child.
1688 (12th December)
Laurence Hyde, Earl of Rochester, summoned a provisional government.
1688 (23rd December)
William of Orange allowed James to escape to France. He went to the court of Louis XIV where he was given a palace and a pension.
1689 (22nd January)
Parliament met to discuss the constitutional situation. Most Tories wanted either James II restored or James’s eldest daughter, Mary to be crowned Queen. While most Whigs wanted a limited Protestant monarchy.
1689 (13th February)
Parliament agreed that since James had fled abroad he was deemed to have abdicated. Both Anne and Mary refused to rule over Mary’s husband William so it was agreed that William and Mary should jointly take the throne as William III and Mary II.
1689 (March)
James, landed in Ireland at the head of a French force determined to regain the British crown. The Irish government declared that James remained King. James’s supporters were known as Jacobites.
1689 (6th April)
George was created Duke of Cumberland, Earl of Kendal and Baron of Okingham.
1689 (11th April)
Mary and her husband William of Orange were jointly crowned Queen Mary II and King William III at Westminster Abbey.
1689 (12th April)
Mary and William of Orange were proclaimed King and Queen of Scotland.
1689 (Spring)
Although Mary and William had been proclaimed Queen and King of Scotland, there were many Scots, especially those in the Highlands, that believed that James was still the rightful King. Viscount Dundee, a Jacobite, raised an army against the new monarchs.
1689 (24th July)
A son, William Henry was born to Anne and George at Hampton Court Palace. He was styled Duke of Gloucester. He suffered convulsions soon after birth but survived. He also suffered from hydroencephalus which was an incurable condition.
1689 (16th December)
Bill of Rights
The English parliament drew up this bill which stated basic civil rights and settled the succession. It also stated that no Roman Catholic could take the throne nor could an English monarch marry a Roman Catholic. It also confirmed the succession on firstly the surviving monarch, then any children of William and Mary followed by Anne and her descendants.
1690 (14th October)
A daughter Mary was born to Anne and George at St James’s Palace, London. She died later the same day.
1692 (17th April)
A son, George, was born to Anne and George at Syon House, Brentford, Middlesex. He died later the same day.
1692 (late)
George and Anne moved to Berkeley House in Piccadily.
1693 (23rd March)
Anne was delivered of a stillborn daughter at Berkely House, St James’s Street, London.
1694 (21st January)
Anne was delivered of a stillborn child.
1694 (28th December)
Anne’s sister, Mary II, died of smallpox. Her husband William succeeded as sole monarch of Britain and George’s wife Anne became heir to the throne.
1695 (early)
George and Anne moved to St James’s Palace, London.
1695 (18th February)
Anne was delivered of a stillborn daughter.
1696 (during)
King William survived an assassination attempt by the Jacobites led by John Fenwick.
1696 (25th March)
Anne was delivered of a stillborn son.
1697 (25th March)
Anne was delivered of stillborn twins.
1697 (early December)
Anne was delivered of a stillborn son.
1698 (around)
Anne’s health began to deteriorate and she suffered from gout and pains in her arms, legs and stomach.
1698 (15th September)
Anne was delivered of a stillborn son.
1700 (25th January)
Anne was delivered of a stillborn son.
1700 (30th July)
Anne’s son, William Duke of Gloucester, died of hydroencephalus.
1700 (7th August)
Anne’s son, William was buried in the Henry VII Chapel at Westminster Abbey.
1701 (12th June)
Act of Settlement
This act stated that the succession would pass to the heirs of Sophia, Electress of Hanover, Protestant granddaughter of James I if Anne died without an heir.
1701 (16th September)
Anne’s father, James II, died in exile at the Chateau de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France.
1702 (21st February)
King William fell from his horse after it stumbled on a molehill. He suffered a broken collar bone and his health deteriorated.
1702 (8th March)
King William died from pneumonia. George’s wife, Anne, became Queen. George became royal consort.
1702 (11th March)
Queen Anne spoke to parliament and reinforced the fact that she was an English Queen. She also called for England and Scotland to be unified.
1702 (Spring)
Queen Anne appointed her husband, Prince George as Lord High Admiral. John Churchill, was made Captain-General of the army and created Duke of Marlborough. Anne’s friend, Sarah Churchill was created Mistress of the Robes and Keeper of the Privy Purse.
1702 (23rd April)
Anne was crowned Queen at Westminster Abbey. She was suffering from gout so was carried to the Abbey in a sedan chair. During the ceremony George paid homage to the Queen.
1706 (March)
George was taken ill with a lung disease but recovered after two months.
1707 (1st May)
Act of Union
This act formally united England and Scotland as Great Britain to be governed by one parliament.
1707 (22nd October)
Scilly Naval Disaster
Around 2,000 sailors died after four warships were sunk in severe weather off the coast of the Isles of Scilly. George, as Lord High Admiral, was blamed for the disaster and there were calls for him to be removed from his position.
1708 (28th October)
Anne’s husband, George of Denmark’s became very ill and he died from severe asthma and dropsy at Kensington Palace.

 

Published Dec 12, 2018 @ 1:35 pm – Updated – Jan 12, 2019 @ 8:33 pm

 

Harvard Reference for this page::

Heather Y Wheeler. (2018). George of Denmark 1653 – 1708. Available: https://www.totallytimelines.com/george-of-denmark-1653-1708. Last accessed March 21st, 2019

 

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