King Harold I (Harefoot) of England 1016 – 1040

Harold HarefootBorn – 1016
Died – 17th March 1040
FatherKing Canute (995 – 1035)
MotherAelfgifu of Northampton (b. c990)
Spouse – Aelfgifu (dates unknown)
Children – Aelfwine (dates unknown)
King of England – 1037 – 1040
PredecessorKing Canute the Great – 1016 – 1035
SuccessorKing Harthacnut – 1040 – 1042

1016 (around)
Harold Harefoot, was born to Canute, son of Sweyn Forkbeard and Aelfgifu daughter of the Earldorman of Northampton. He gained the nickname Harefoot because he could run fast.
1016 (around)
Harold’s father, Canute was not happy when the Witan prevented him from succeeding his father as King of England and called for the return of King Aethelred the Unready
1016 (23rd April)
King Aethelred died. He was succeeded by his son, Edmund Ironside as King Edmund II.
1016 (9th May)
Battle of Brentford
Canute’s force was defeated by Edmund Ironside.
1016 (18th October)
Battle of Assandun
Canute defeated Edmund Ironside and left him in control of only Wessex.
1016 (after 18th October)
Harold’s father, Canute negotiated a treaty with King Edmund whereby they agreed to share the rule of the country. Canute ruled Northumbria, Mercia and East Anglia while Edmund ruled Wessex. It was agreed that on the death of either party the other would rule all of England.
1016 (30th November)
Edmund Ironside died and Canute seized the throne of England. Harold became heir to the throne.
1017 (during
King Canute, was crowned King of England at St Paul’s Cathedral.
1017 (2nd July)
Even though Harold’s mother was still alive, Canute married Aethelred’s widow, Emma. This was a political move to secure the support of Normandy, Emma’s sons by Aethelred, and the people of England over whom Emma had been queen for 15 years. It was agreed that the succession would be with the children of Emma and Canute.
1018 (during)
A son, Harthacnut was born to Canute and Emma. The birth of Harthacnut meant that Harold was no longer heir to the throne.
1018 (during)
Harold’s father, Canute inherited the throne of Denmark when his brother died.
1020 (during)
Harold’s half-sister, Gunhilda, was born to Emma and Cnut.
1028 (during)
Canute became King of Norway. He was now King of England, Denmark and Norway and was referred to as Cnut the Great.
1028 (late Summer)
Harold’s half-brother, Harthacnut, son of Emma and Cnut, was made regent of Denmark.
1035 (12th November)
King Canute died. Harthacnut was nominated as his successor but he was absent from England in Denmark where he was regent of the country.
1035 (late)
Harold’s elder brother, Sweyn, died in Denmark.
1035 (December)
Harold attempted to gain the crown claiming that he was the only one of Cnut’s sons in England, however, Harthacnut’s mother, Emma of Normandy, pressed her son’s claim. Earl Godwin of Wessex decided to back Harold Harefoot. The Witan decided that Harold should act as regent. ruling Northumbria, Mercia and East Anglia while Emma would act as regent in Wessex for Harthacnut.
1035 (late December)
Emma’s sons by her marriage to Aethelred, Edward and Alfred, arrived in England. Edward landed at Southampton and Alfred in Kent. It is thought that they had come to take the throne back for their family. Alfred was met at Guildford by Earl Godwin, the most powerful nobleman. However, Earl Godwin had not come to meet Alfred since he had allied himself to Harold from his first marriage. Instead he seized Alfred, blinded him and then sent him to the monastery at Ely. On hearing of his brother’s capture, Edward returned to Normandy.
1036 (5th February)
Alfred, Emma of Normandy’s son, died from his injuries.
1037 (during)
Harthacnut had still not returned from Denmark to claim the throne and so the English nobles supported Harold’s claim to be King.
1037 (late)
Following the decision of the Witan at Oxford to accept Harold I as King, Emma left England and went to Bruges.
1039 (during)
There was a battle between the Welsh and the Anglo Saxons which saw the death of Edwin of Mercia, but no further details are recorded.
1040 (17th March)
Harold died at the age of 24, possibly from a congenital illness. He was succeeded by his half-brother, Harthacnut.

 

First published 2016; updated and re-published Jul 27 2020 @ 5:00 pm – Updated – Aug 8, 2020 @ 4:30 pm

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2016 – 2020). King Harold I Harefoot of England 1016 – 1040. Available: https://www.totallytimelines.com/harold-i-harefoot-1016-1040/ Last Accessed [date]