Father – King John
Mother – Isabella of Angouleme
Spouse – Eleanor of Provence
Children – Edward, Margaret, Beatrice, Edmund, Richard, John, William, Katherine
King of England – 1216 – 1272
Predecessor – John
Successor – Edward I
The freedom and rights of the church should be guaranteed
That the King was not above the law of the land.
That no free man should be arrested, imprisoned, dispossessed, outlawed or exiled except by the lawful judgement of his peers and by the law of the land.
War broke out between the barons and King John after the annullment of Magna Carta. The barons made an agreement that the French king’s son, Louis would be King in return for military support to defeat and overthrow the king.
Prince Louis split his force and sent one half north to lay siege to Lincoln Castle. The other half would take Dover Castle.
A French fleet arrived with fresh troops and siege engines for Louis. Hubert de Burgh intercepted the fleet forced it to flee.
This was a peace treaty between England and Prince Louis and brought an end to the Baron’s War.
This treaty was an agreement between Henry and Llywelyn the Great’s grandsons, Owain and Llywelyn ap Gruffudd.
Henry made an agreement with the Pope that his son, Edmund should be King of Sicily. Edmund was to march at the head of an army into Sicily and take it from the former King of Sicily’s son. The Pope, Innocent III, agreed to contribute to the cost of the venture. However, Innocent died and was succeeded by Alexander IV who refused to contribute financially and requested repayment of monies already paid.
Pope Alexander IV sent an envoy to England demanding repayment of costs incurred by the papacy in funding an army to go to Sicily. Henry was told that if he did not pay he would be excommunicated. Furthermore, Henry was to fund the army himself and reclaim Sicily.
Henry asked parliament for money but he was told that he could have no money unless he agreed to changes within parliament. The barons wanted a group of 24 men, 12 selected by the King and 12 by the barons to act as advisers to the King. Simon de Montfort was one of the leading barons in this move for reform and one of those put forward by the barons to advise the King.
This treaty agreed a peace between England and France. It officially recognised John’s loss of Normandy and Poitou to France but confirmed England’s possession of Aquitaine.
This extended and formalised the Provisions of Oxford. Allowing a group of barons to advise the King.
The forces of Simon de Montfort defeated Henry and Edward and took them prisoner.
The royalist forces led by Prince Edward defeated the forces of Simon de Montfort and killed de Montfort. Henry was released from prison.
This imposed harsh fines on those who had rebelled and fought against Henry.
Published Sept 06, 2016 @ 16:09 – Updated –
Harvard Reference for this page:
Heather Y Wheeler. (2016). King Henry III of England 1207 – 1272. Available: https://www.totallytimelines.com/henry-iii-1207-1272. Last accessed March 30th, 2019
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