1367 (3rd April)
A son, Henry was born to John of Gaunt
, Duke of Lancaster, (3rd surviving son of Edward III
) and Blanche of Lancaster at Bolingbroke castle. He was styled Henry of Bolingbroke.
1368 (12th September)
Henry’s mother, Blanche of Lancaster, died at Tutbury Castle possibly from the plague.
1377 (23rd April)
Henry was invested as a Knight of the Garter.
1377 (21st June)
Henry’s grandfather, King Edward III died. His cousin Richard, became King Richard II. Henry gave Richard his full support.
1377 (16th July)
Henry was created Earl of Derby.
1377 (21st September)
Henry’s father married Constance of Castile.
Henry’s father, John of Gaunt, who wanted Henry to marry the heiress Mary de Bohun, had Mary abducted from Pleshey Castle and taken to Arundel Castle. Mary’s mother, Joan supported John of Gaunt and helped move her daughter.
1380 (27th July)
Henry Married Mary de Bohun
at Arundel Castle. Due to the couples’ young ages (the bride was aged 12 years) they were advised not to consummate the marriage, but they disobeyed.
A son, Edward, was born to Henry and Mary de Bohun, but he only lived for four days.
1384 (22nd December)
Henry was created Earl of Northampton in right of his wife.
Henry was one of a group of nobles, known as the Lords Appellant, that sought to curb the increasingly tyrannical rule of King Richard II.
1386 (19th November)
The Lords Appellant were granted the rights to rule the country for a period of one year.
1387 (9th August)
A son, Henry
, was born to Henry and Mary de Bohun at Monmouth Castle.
1387 (19th December)
Henry joined the Lords Appellant and led an army to victory against the King
1387 (late December)
The Lords Appellant met with Richard II who was in the Tower of London. Richard had no choice but to agree to the Lords Appellant’s demands.
1388 (3rd February)
The Lords Appellant formed a Parliament. Known as the Merciless Parliament they purged Richard’s household of those pro France nobles and other retainers
1388 (4th June)
The Merciless Parliament was disbanded. Richard was allowed to return to rule albeit as a puppet king controlled by the Lords Appellant.
1388 (29th September)
A son, Thomas, was born to Henry and Mary de Bohun.
1389 (20th June)
A son, John, was born to Henry and Mary de Bohun.
Henry spent much of the year on crusade with the Teutonic Knights laying siege to the capital of Lithuania, Vilinius.
1390 (3rd October)
A son, Humphrey, was born to Henry and Mary de Bohun.
Henry embarked on a second crusade to take control of Lithuania. When this failed again he made a pilgrimage to Jerusalem.
A daughter, Blanche, was born to Henry and Mary de Bohun.
1394 (24th March)
Henry’s stepmother, Constance of Castile died.
1394 (4th June)
Henry’s wife, Mary de Bohun, died in childbirth. The child, Philippa survived.
1396 (13th January)
Henry’s father married his long time mistress, Katherine Swynford.
1397 (29th September)
Henry was created Duke of Hereford.
Henry made a chance remark about Richard’s rule. Richard used this as an excuse to take revenge on Henry for his support of the Lords Appellant and banished him for a year. Henry spent time in Brittany where he met Joan of Navarre, wife of John IV of Brittany.
1399 (3rd February)
Henry’s father, John of Gaunt, died and Henry inherited the titles Duke of Lancaster, Earl of Leicester and Earl of Lincoln.
1399 (after 3rd February)
Henry was still exiled at the time of his father’s death and Richard seized all lands that he should have inherited from his father and extended Henry’s banishment for life.
1399 (19th August)
Henry landed at Ravenspur in Yorkshire. With the support of Henry Percy Earl of Northumberland and Thomas Arundel, exiled former Archbishop of Canterbury he took the throne.
1399 (29th September)
When Richard returned from Ireland Henry had him arrested and imprisoned in Pontefract Castle. Henry forced Richard to abdicate the throne in his favour.
1399 (30th September)
Henry took the throne of England and Wales as King Henry IV
1399 (12th October)
Henry founded the Order of the Bath
1399 (13th October)
Henry was crowned King Henry IV in Westminster Abbey.
1399 (15th October)
Henry’s eldest son, Henry, was created Prince of Wales, Duke of Cornwall, Earl of Chester and Prince of Aquitaine.
Henry proposed to Joan of Navarre, whose husband had died in November 1399. She accepted but stated that she had to set the affairs of Brittany in order before the marriage could proceed.
The Epiphany Rising
This plot to seize Henry IV and restore Richard II to the throne was foiled when one of the conspirators betrayed the others.
1400 (17th February)
It was announced that Richard II had died in Pontefract Castle. He most likely died from starvation.
1400 (25th July)
Henry marched north at the head of an army which would muster at York prior to invading Scotland.
The English army marched to Scotland in an attempt to put Edinburgh castle to siege. The mission failed.
1400 (16th September)
Henry faced rebellion in Wales when Owain Glyn Dwr was declared Prince of Wales.
Owain Glyn Dwr was supported by supporters of the Mortimer family who believed that Edmund Mortimer, the rightful heir of Richard II, should be king.
Battle of Hyddgen
The English were beaten by a Welsh force near Aberystwyth.
1402 (22nd June)
Battle of Nesbit Moor
The English defeated a Scottish raiding party.
1402 (22nd June)
Battle of Bryn Glas
An English force was defeated by Welsh rebels.
1402 (14th September)
Battle of Humbleton Hill
An English force led by Henry Hotspur defeated a Scottish raiding party and captured the Earl of Douglas.
Henry’s betrothed, Joan of Navarre and her daughters, left Brittany for England.
1403 (7th February)
Henry married Joan of Navarre at Winchester Cathedral.
1403 (10th May)
Henry’s second stepmother, Katherine Swynford, died
Henry Percy, son of the Earl of Northumberland, known as Hotspur, announced that he would join forces with Owain Glyn Dwr and the Mortimer family against Henry.
1403 (21st July)
Before Henry Percy had a chance to join the Mortimer faction Henry marched north and defeated Percy at the Battle of Shrewsbury. Percy was captured and executed but Henry allowed Percy’s father to live.
1404 (14th June)
Owain Glyndwr declared himself Prince of Wales and allied himself with the French.
1405 (11th March)
Battle of Grosmont (Monmouthshire)
The English defeated a force of Welsh rebels.
1405 (5th May)
Battle of Usk
The English defeated a force of Welsh rebels.
1405 (8th June)
Supported by Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland, Richard Scrope, Archbishop of York, led a rebellion against the rule of Henry IV. Scrope was defeated and executed. Nothumberland fled to Scotland.
1406 (22nd March)
Henry captured James, heir to the Scottish throne and and held him captive.
Henry, Prince of Wales, lay siege to a number of Welsh rebels at Aberystwyth.
1408 (19th February)
The Earl of Northumberland, with Scottish support, invaded England. Henry met them at Bramham Moor and scored a decisive victory. Northumberland was killed in the battle.
Henry, Prince of Wales, took Aberystwyth.
Prince Henry, heir to the throne, became Chancellor. Henry IV was becoming increasingly unwell.
Henry, Prince of Wales, took Harlech Castle in Wales.
1411 (30th November)
Following a disagreement with his son, Henry IV removed his son, Henry, from the Royal Council.
1413 (20th March)
Henry died. He was succeeded by his son, Henry V