Isabel Neville 1451 – 1476

Isabel Neville Born – 5th September 1451
Died – 22nd December 1476
FatherRichard Neville, Earl of Warwick (1420 – 1471)
Mother – Anne Beauchamp (1426 – 1492)
Spouse – m. 1469 – George Plantagenet, Duke of Clarence (1449 – 1478)
ChildrenMargaret Pole (1473 – 1541), Edward Plantagenet Earl of Warwick (1475 – 1499), Richard of York (1476 – 1477)

1451 (5th September)
Isabel Neville was born to Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick and Anne Beauchamp at Warwick Castle. Isabel’s father had previously been an adviser to King Henry VI but had switched his allegiance to Richard of York after the King had given preferment to the Duke of Somerset.
1456 (11th June
Isabel’s sister, Anne was born to Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick and Anne Beauchamp at Warwick Castle.
1458 (during)
Isabel’s father, Richard Neville fled to Calais after coming into conflict with Henry VI.
1460 (26th June)
Isabel’s father and Edward Earl of March, son of Richard of York landed at Sandwich at the head of an army and marched towards London.
1460 (10th July)
Battle of Northampton
Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick and Edward, Earl of March defeated the Lancastrians and captured King Henry VI. Henry’s wife, Margaret of Anjou and Prince Edward fled to Harlech Castle.
1460 (30th December)
Battle of Wakefield
Richard of York, who Anne’s father had hoped to make King, was killed in this battle.
1460 (31st December)
Following the Lancastrian victory at the Battle of Wakefield, King Henry VI was released from captivity but was still mentally unstable and as a consequence was unfit to rule.
1461 (January)
The Earl of Warwick put forward Richard Duke of York’s son, Edward, as claimant to the throne.
1461 (late February)
Richard Neville and Edward of York joined forces and marched towards London.
1461 (4th March)
Edward of York took the throne as King Edward IV with Anne’s father, Warwick, as his chief adviser.
1461 (28th June)
Edward IV was crowned King at Westminster Abbey.
1461 (after June)
Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick, was the real power behind the crown and made decisions and shaped policy.
1462 (during)
The Earl of Warwick, was created High Admiral of England and Steward of the Duchy of Lancaster.
1462 (Summer)
Warwick successfully negotiated a truce with Scotland.
1463 (late March)
Warwick negotiated a truce with France which would be sealed with the marriage of Edward IV to the French King’s sister. However, the new King had secretly married Elizabeth Woodville.
1464 (September)
Isabel’s father was furious when King Edward IV announced his marriage to Elizabeth Woodville.
1466 (during)
The Earl of Warwick was angry with the King after he made the Queen’s father, Baron Rivers, treasurer of England. Rivers pressed for an alliance with the Burgundians bringing him into conflict with Warwick who favoured an alliance with France.
1467 (October)
Warwick, learned that Edward had gone behind his back and signed a treaty with the Burgundians. He was frustrated and annoyed that Edward favoured his wife’s relatives rather than his trusted advisers.
1469 (April)
Warwick, secretly organised a rebellion against Edward in the North. The rebellion, known as Robin of Redesdale’s Rebellion, was quickly put down by the Yorkists.
1469 (26th July)
Battle of Edgecote Moor
Warwick, raised an army of northern rebels led by Sir John Conyers, Edward’s cousin. They defeated a force of Welsh loyalists led by William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke.
1469 (11th July)
Isabel, married George Duke of Clarence, brother of King Edward IV in Calais. The marriage took place in secret without Edward’s permission. Warwick had designs on capturing Edward, placing the Duke of Clarence on the throne and ruling through him.
1469 (late July)
Isabel’s father, Warwick, captured Edward IV, and executed Baron Rivers and his eldest son. He tried gain acceptance for George to rule instead but he was not supported by the nobility.
1469 (August)
Warwick, moved Edward IV to Middleham Castle where he remained under house arrest.
1469 (10th September)
Isabel’s father, Warwick, was forced to release Edward IV because he was unable to gain sufficient support among the nobles to put the Duke of Clarence on the throne.
1469 (October)
Warwick tried to work with the newly released King Edward IV but the relationship broke down again.
1470 (12th March)
Battle of Losecoat Field
The Earl of Warwick and George Duke of Clarence, with Lancastrian support, rebelled against Edward but were defeated.
1470 (mid April)
The Neville family, including Isabel who was heavily pregnant fled to France.
1470 (17th April)
Isabel was delivered of a stillborn baby onboard a ship outside of Calais. The child was not named.
1470 (1st May)
In France, Warwick, made an alliance with Margaret of Anjou, wife of the deposed King Henry VI.
1470 (25th July)
Isabel’s sister, Anne Neville was betrothed to the son of King Henry VI, Edward, Prince of Wales, at Angers Cathedral.
1470 (13th September)
The Earl of Warwick and George Duke of Clarence landed at Plymouth at the head of an army.
1470 (30th October)
King Henry VI was restored to the English throne with Warwick as chief minister.
1470 (13th December)
Isabel’s sister, Anne Neville married Henry VI’s son and heir, Edward, at the Chateau d’Amboise.
1471 (14th March)
King Edward IV returned to England at the head of a Burgundian, Yorkist army. Isabel’s husband, George Duke of Clarence deserted Warwick and joined his brother’s army.
1471 (14th April)
Battle of Barnet
The Earl of Warwick was killed fleeing the field after the Yorkists won this battle.
1471 (4th May)
Battle of Tewekesbury
This battle saw another decisive victory for the Yorkists. Edward, Prince of Wales, was killed in this battle leaving Anne a widow.
1471 (21st May)
King Edward IV returned triumphant to London. It is believed that Henry VI was murdered in the Tower of London on the same day, possibly by Richard Duke of Gloucester.
1471 (late May)
Isabel and her husband took custody of her newly widowed sister Anne. George knew that his brother Richard, Duke of Gloucester, wanted to marry Anne. However he was determined to prevent the marriage because Richard would then be entitled to a share of Warwick’s estate. Anne was held under virtual house arrest.
1472 (February)
Isabel’s sister Anne accepted a proposal of marriage from Edward IV’s brother Richard. It is possible that Richard renounced all claims to the Warwick inheritance in order to allow the marriage.
1472 (12th July)
Isabel’s sister, Anne, married Richard Duke of Gloucester in St Stephen’s Chapel, Palace of Westminster. The couple made their home at Middleham Castle in Yorkshire.
1473 (14th August)
A daughter, Margaret, was born to Isabel Neville and George Duke of Clarence.
1475 (25th February)
A son, Edward, was born to Isabel Neville and George Duke of Clarence.
1476 (6th October)
A son, Richard, was born to Isabel Neville and George Duke of Clarence.
1476 (22nd December)
Isabel Neville died. Her husband believed she had been murdered but it is believed that she died either from complications following the birth of her son, Richard or from tuberculosis.

 

Published Dec 26 @ 1:30 pm – Updated – Dec 26, 2020 @ 1:36 pm

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2020). Isabel Neville 1451 – 1476. Available: https://www.totallytimelines.com/isabel-neville-1451-1476 Last accessed January 20th, 2021