1841 (9th November)
King Edward VII was born Albert Edward, to Queen Victoria
and Prince Albert
at Buckingham Palace. He was known to the family as Bertie. He was the couple’s second child, their daughter Victoria having been born in 1840. He was created Duke of Cornwall and Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, Lord of the Isles and Baron Renfrew.
1841 (8th December)
Albert Edward was created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester.
1842 (25th January)
Bertie was christened Albert Edward at St George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle, London.
1843 (25th April)
Bertie’s sister, Alice Maud Mary was born to Queen Victoria and Prince Albert at Buckingham Palace.
1844 (6th August)
Bertie’s brother, Alfred Ernest Albert was born to Queen Victoria and Prince Albert at Buckingham Palace.
1843 (25th April)
Bertie’s sister, Helena Augusta Victoria was born to Queen Victoria and Prince Albert at Buckingham Palace.
1848 (18th March)
Bertie’s sister, Louise Caroline Alberta was born to Queen Victoria and Prince Albert at Buckingham Palace.
Albert Edward began his education. He was educational programme was drawn up by his father, Prince Albert, and delivered by a number of tutors. Bertie was not an academic and failed to live up to his father’s high expectations.
1850 (17th January)
Albert was created Earl of Dublin.
1850 (1st May)
Bertie’s brother, Arthur William Patrick Albert was born to Queen Victoria and Prince Albert at Buckingham Palace.
1853 (7th April)
Bertie’s brother, Leopold George Duncan Albert, was born to Queen Victoria and Prince Albert at Buckingham Palace.
1857 (14th April)
Bertie’s sister, Beatrice Mary Victoria Feodore was born to Queen Victoria and Prince Albert at Buckingham Palace.
1858 (25th April)
Bertie’s sister, Victoria married Prince Frederick of Prussia at St James’s Palace, London.
1858 (9th November)
Albert Edward was made a Knight of the Garter.
Bertie went on an educational tour to Rome.
Bertie entered Christ Church, Oxford University as an undergraduate.
Albert Edward made a successful tour of the United States and Canada.
Bertie entered Trinity College Cambridge where he studied history.
1861 (24th September)
Bertie met Princess Alexandra of Denmark
while he was in Germany watching military manoeuvres. The meeting had been set up by Queen Victoria and Prince Albert who had determined that the couple should marry.
While in Ireland Albert Edward spent three nights with actress Nellie Clifden.
1861 (late November)
Queen Victoria and Prince Albert learned that Bertie had had a liaison with Nellie Clifton and were furious. Although he was ill, Prince Albert visited Bertie at Cambridge to reprimand him.
1861 (4th December)
Albert’s father, Prince Albert, died of typhoid. Queen Victoria blamed Bertie for his death saying that his bad behaviour was to blame.
Albert Edward made a tour of the Middle East to promote British friendship and prevent French control of the Suez Canal.
1862 (1st July)
Bertie’s sister, Alice married Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse-Darmstadt at Osborne House, Isle of Wight.
1862 (9th September)
Bertie proposed to Alexandra at the Royal Castle of Laeken, home of Leopold I King of Belgium
Bertie renounced his succession to the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg Gotha in favour of his brother Alfred.
1863 (10th March)
Albert married Princess Alexandra of Denmark, daughter of King Christian IX of Denmark at St George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle. The ceremony was performed by Thomas Longley, Archbishop of Canterbury
. The couple lived at Marlborough House London and Sandringham House in Norfolk.
1864 (8th January)
A son, Albert Victor Christian Edward was born to Bertie and Alexandra at Frogmore House, Windsor.
1865 (3rd June)
1866 (5th July)
Bertie’s sister, Helena, married Christian, Prince of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderbeurg-Augustenburg at Windsor Castle.
1867 (20th February)
A daughter, Louise Victoria Alexandra Dagmar was born to Bertie and Alexandra at Marlborough House, London.
1867 (24th May)
Albert Edward was made a Knight of the Thistle.
Bertie had an affair with Lady Susan Vane-Tempest.
1868 (6th July)
A daughter, Victoria Alexandra Olga Mary was born to Bertie and Alexandra at Marlborough House, London.
1869 (26th November)
A daughter, Maud Charlotte Mary Victoria was born to Bertie and Alexandra at Marlborough House, London.
Bertie contracted typhoid but recovered from the illness.
1871 (21st March)
Bertie’s sister, Louise, married John Campbell, Marquess of Lorne at St George’s Chapel, Windsor.
1871 (6th April)
A son, Alexander John Charles Albert was born to Bertie and Alexandra at Sandringham House, Norfolk.
1871 (7th April)
Bertie’s son, Alexander John Charles Albert died at Sandringham House, Norfolk.
Albert had an affair with opera singer Hortnese Schneider.
1874 (23rd January)
Bertie’s brother, Alfred, married Marie Alexandrovna, daughter of Alexander II, Tsar of Russia, in St Petersburg, Russia.
Bertie left England for an eight month tour of the Indian sub-continent. He left his wife, Alexandra, in England saying that the trip was a male only trip.
Bertie began an affair with the actress Lillie Langtry who was married.
1879 (13th March)
Bertie’s brother, Arthur married Louise, daughter of Prince Frederick of Prussia, at St George’s Chapel, Windsor.
It was rumoured that Bertie would be cited in divorce proceedings brought by Lillie Langtry’s husband and this was published in the paper ‘Town Talk’ by Adolphus Rosenberg. Lillie had begun an affair with the Earl of Shrewsbury and the two were planning to run away together. Bertie sued Rosenberg for libel. Rosenberg pleaded guilty and was sentenced to two years in prison.
Albert Edward spent time in the company of the actress Sarah Bernhardt who was performing in London.
Bertie and Alexandra travelled to Russia for the funeral of Alexander II who had been assassinated. Alexandra’s sister was now Tsarina of Russia.
1882 (25th April)
Bertie’s brother Leopold, married Helene, daughter of George Victor, Prince of Waldedk-Pyrmont.
Bertie had an affair with Lady Randolph Churchill, mother of Winston Churchill.
1885 (23rd July)
Bertie’s sister, Beatrice married Prince Henry of Battenberg at Whippingham Church, Isle of Wight.
Bertie had an affair with Daisy Greville, Countess of Warwick.
1886 (20th January)
Albert Edward attended the opening of the Mersey Tunnel.
Bertie was at the centre of a scandal regarding an illegal card game. He had been present at the game where one of the players subsequently sued another for cheating. Bertie was called as a witness.
Bertie’s eldest son, Albert, was engaged to Princess Victoria Mary of Teck.
1892 (14th January)
Bertie’s eldest son, Albert, died of pneumonia at Sandringham House, Norfolk.
1894 (30th June)
Bertie opened Tower Bridge, London.
Bertie met Alice Keppel and they began an affair.
1900 (4th April)
Bertie survived an attempted assassination attempt when he was shot at while travelling through Belgium.
1901 (22nd January)
Queen Victoria died at Osborne Palace, Isle of Wight. Albert became King Edward VII.
Edward founded the Order of Merit.
Edward VII gave Queen Victoria’s house, Osborne House on the Isle of Wight, to the nation.
1902 (24th June)
Edward was taken ill with appendicitis and underwent surgery.
1902 (9th August)
Edward was crowned King Edward VII at Westminster Abbey.
Edward made an official visit to France where he developed a good rapport with the French President Emile Loubet which smoothed the way for the negotiation of a treaty between Britain and France.
1904 (8th April)
This was a treaty of mutual assistance signed by Britain and France.
Edward was given radium therapy for a rodent ulcer.
King Edward VII made a visit to Scandinavia.
Edward made a visit to Russia.
1909 (30th November)
The Finance Bill, which had passed the House of Commons, was rejected by the House of Lords.
It was proposed that Edward VII should create sufficient Liberal peers to allow the Finance Bill to pass the House of Lords.
Edward was taken ill at Biarritz.
1910 (27th April)
Edward returned to England but was still ill with bronchitis.
1910 (5th May)
Alexandra returned to England from Greece where she had been visiting her brother.
1910 (6th May)
King Edward VII suffered a heart attack. He died later that night
1910 (20th May)
King Edward VII was buried at Windsor Castle, London.