Father – Rene of Anjou
Mother – Isabella of Lorraine
Spouse – King Henry VI of England
Children – Edward
This treaty agreed peace between Henry VI and Charles VII of France. The peace included a marriage between Henry VI and Margaret of Anjou.
The French, having broken the terms of the Treaty of Tours, turned on the English in France. This battle was a major victory for the French who defeated the last English army in Normandy.
Suffolk’s death meant there were only two descendants of the Plantagenet line and both wanted positions in the country. The Duke of Somerset was, like the King, of Lancastrian descent. His rival and heir presumptive to the throne was Richard Duke of York.
Margaret had raised an army and, supported by the King, her forces defeated Richard Duke of York. York was forced to swear an oath that he would not oppose the King again.
This battle was fought between the French and English and was a victory for the French. The English commander, Talbot, was killed. The battle marked the end of the Hundred Years’ War.
First Battle of St Albans
The forces of Richard Duke of York, supported by Richard Neville, Duke of Salisbury and Warwick defeated and killed the Lancastrians led by the Duke of Somerset and the Duke of Northumberland.
Richard Duke of York was named successor to the throne over Henry VI’s son, Edward.
Queen Margaret, unwilling to accept the disinheritence of her son Edward, raised an army in the north. Richard of York was forced to march north where he was defeated and killed by the Lancastrian force.
The Earls of Pembroke and Wiltshire led an army of Welsh Lancastrians and French mercenaries to join Margaret of Anjou’s advance on London but they were intercepted by a Yorkist army led by Edward Earl of March and defeated.
Warwick attempted to block Margaret of Anjou’s southward advance on London but his defensive position was surprised. After a long and bloody battle the Yorkists fled. Henry VI was recaptured but the Lancastrians failed to secure London and returned north.
Edward Earl of March pursued the Lancastrians north and attacked them near Tadcaster. After a long fight in heavy snowfall, the Lanastrians were defeated having suffered heavy casualties.
Edward set out to attack Warwick’s larger Lancastrian force at dawn. After a three hour fight, two Lancastrian divisions mistakenly attacked each other and the army broke and fled. Warwick was killed in the flight.
Margaret of Anjou’s forces were leaving for Wales when they were attacked by Edward IV and his brother, Richard Duke of Gloucester. They were defeated and Edward, Prince of Wales, was killed. Margaret of Anjou was captured.
This was a seven year peace treaty between Louis XI and Edward IV. The treaty agreed that Louis would pay a yearly sum of money to keep the English away from France. Louis also agreed to pay a ransom to free Margaret of Anjou.
Published Jun 11, 2017 @ 11:28am – Updated –
Harvard Reference for this page:
Heather Y Wheeler. (2017). Margaret of Anjou 1430 – 1482. Available: https://www.totallytimelines.com/margaret-of-anjou-1430-1482 Last accessed March 18th, 2019
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