Matilda of Boulogne was born to Eustace III, Count of Boulogne and Mary of Scotland, daughter of Malcolm Canmore
. Little is known of her life before she married Stephen of Blois.
Matilda’s father, Eustace III of Boulogne, died. Matilda and Stephen inherited Boulogne.
Matilda’s husband, Stephen, was called by Henry I
to swear an oath to support Henry’s daughter Empress Maud
‘s claim to the English throne.
A son, Baldwin, was born to Matilda and Stephen.
A son, Eustace, was born to Matilda and Stephen.
A daughter, Matilda, was born to Matilda and Stephen.
1135 (22nd November)
King Henry I
died. When Stephen, heard of the death of his uncle, he rode to Winchester, where, with the support of his brother, Henry of Blois, Bishop of Winchester, he took control of the treasury.
1135 (22nd December)
Matilda’s husband, Stephen took the throne of England. He had the support of the Barons, who generally felt that women were unfit to rule.
A daughter, Marie, was born to Matilda and Stephen.
1136 (22nd March)
Matilda, was crowned Queen Consort at Westminster Abbey.
1136 (21st July)
Empress Matilda’s half-brother, Robert of Gloucester, rebelled against Stephen beginning a period of civil war known as the Anarchy.
A son, William, was born to Matilda and Stephen.
Matilda founded Cressing Temple in Essex.
Matilda’s daughter, Matilda, died.
Matilda called on troops from Boulogne and Flanders to help defeat Empress Maud’s army.
Matilda founded Temple Cowley in Oxford.
Matilda concluded a peace treaty with King David of Scotland.
Empress Maud landed at Arundel in Sussex to press her claim to the throne.
1139 (after September)
Supported by Robert of Gloucester, Empress Maud quickly gained control of the south-west of England.
Matilda met with King Louis VI of France and they agreed that Matilda and Stephen’s son and heir, Eustace, should marry Louis’s daughter, Constance.
1141 (2nd February)
Matilda’s husband, Stephen, was captured and imprisoned by Empress Maud who declared herself Queen of England.
Matilda began raising an army to free her husband.
1141 (14th September)
The Rout of Winchester
Matilda’s forces captured Empress Maud’s half-brother, Robert of Gloucester.
Matilda agreed to release Robert of Gloucester in exchange for the release of her husband, Stephen.
Robert of Gloucester, Empress Maud’s chief supporter died.
1152 (3rd May)
Matilda died of a fever at Hedingham Castle.