Nobel Prize Winners 1901 – Present

Nobel Prize Winners

This timeline details the yearly Nobel Prize Winners for Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Literature, Economics (from 1969) and Peace. The Nobel Prize winners are announced in October of each year and the awards are presented in Stockholm on 10th December.

The Nobel Prizes were directed to be set up by the terms of Alfred Nobel’s will. Nobel was a Swedish scientist who wanted to recognise international achievement in the Sciences.

Physics: Wilhelm Rontgen
Chemistry: Jacobus Henricus van ‘t Hoff
Medicine: Emil Adolf von Behring
Literature: Sully Prudhomme
Peace: Henry Dunant and Frederic Passy
Physics: Hendrik Lorentz and Pieter Zeeman
Chemistry: Hermann Emil Fischer
Medicine: Ronald Ross
Inventors 1900 to 1999
Literature: Theodor Mommsen
Peace: Elie Ducommun and Charles Albert Gobat
Physics: Henri Becquerel, Pierre Curie and Marie Curie
Chemistry: Svante Arhenius
Medicine: Niels Ryberg Finsen
Literature: Bjornstjerne Bjornson
Peace: Randal Cremer
Physics: John Strutt
Chemistry: William Ramsay
Medicine: Ivan Pavlov
Literature: Frederic Mistral and Jose Echegaray
Peace: Institut de Droit International
Physics: Philipp Lenard
Chemistry: Adolf von Baeyer
Medicine: Robert Koch
Literature: Henryk Sienkiewicz
Peace: Bertha von Suttner
Physics: J. J. Thomson
Chemistry: Henri Moissan
Medicine: Camillo Golgi and Santiago Ramon y Cajal
Literature: Giosue Carducci
Peace: Theodore Roosevelt
Physics: Albert Abraham Michelson
Chemistry: Eduard Buchner
Medicine: Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran
Literature: Rudyard Kipling
Peace: Ernesto Teodoro Moneta and Louis Renault
Physics: Gabriel Lippmann
Chemistry: Ernest Rutherford
Medicine: Elie Metchnikoff and Paul Ehrlich
Literature: Rudolf Christoph Eucken
Peace: Klas Pontus Arnoldson and Fredrik Bajer
Physics: Karl Ferdinand Braun and Guglielmo Marconi
Chemistry: Wilhelm Ostwald
Medicine: Emil Theodor Kocher
Literature: Selma Lagerlof
Peace: Auguste Marie Francois Beernaert and Paul-Henri-Benjamin d’Estournelles de Constant
Physics: Johannes Diderik van der Waals
Chemistry: Otto Wallach
Medicine: Albrecht Kossel
Literature: Paul Heyse
Peace: International Peace Bureau
Physics: Wilhelm Wien
Chemistry: Marie Sklodowska-Curie
Medicine: Allvar Gullstrand
Literature: Maurice Maeterlinck
Peace: Tobias Asser and Alfred Hermann Fried
Physics: Gustaf Dalen
Chemistry: Victor Grignard and Paul Sabatier
Medicine: Alexis Carrel
Literature: Gerhart Hauptmann
Peace: Elihu Root
Physics: Heike Kamerlingh Onnes
Chemistry: Alfred Werner
Medicine: Charles Richet
Literature: Rabindranath Tagore
Peace: Henri La Fontaine
Physics: Max von Laue
Chemistry: Theodore William Richards
Medicine: Robert Barany
Literature: Not Awarded
Peace: Not Awarded
Physics: William Henry Bragg and William Lawrence Bragg
Chemistry: Richard Willstatter
Medicine: Not Awarded
Literature: Romain Rolland
Peace: Not Awarded
Physics: Not Awarded
Chemistry: Not Awarded
Medicine: Not Awarded
Literature: Verner von Heidenstam
Peace: Not Awarded
Physics: Charles Glover Barkla
Chemistry: Not Awarded
Medicine: Not Awarded
Literature: Karl Adolph Gjellerup and Henrik Pontoppidan
Peace: International Committee of the Red Cross
Physics: Max Planck
Chemistry: Fritz Haber
Medicine: Not Awarded
Literature: Not Awarded
Peace: Not Awarded
Physics: Johannes stark
Chemistry: Not Awarded
Medicine: Jules Bordet
Literature: Carl Spitteler
Peace: Woodrow Wilson
Physics: Charles Edouard Guillaume
Chemistry: Walter Nernst
Medicine: August Krogh
Literature: Knut Hamsun
Peace: Leon Bourgeois
Physics: Albert Einstein
Chemistry: Frederick Soddy
Medicine: Not Awarded
Literature: Anatole France
Peace: Hjalmar Branting and Christian Lous Lange
Physics: Niels Bohr
Chemistry: Francis William Aston
Medicine: Archibald Hill and Otto Fritz Meyerhof
Literature: Jacinto Benavente
Peace: Fridtjof Nanson
Physics: Robert Andrews Millikan
Chemistry: Fritz Pregl
Medicine: Frederick Banting and John James Rickard Macleod
Literature: W. B. Yeats
Peace: Not Awarded
Physics: Manne Siegbahn
Chemistry: Not Awarded
Medicine: Willem Einthoven
Literature: Wladyslaw Reymont
Peace: Not Awarded
Physics: James Franck and Gustav Ludwig Hertz
Chemistry: Richard Adolf Zsigmondy
Medicine: Not Awarded
Literature: George Bernard Shaw
Peace: Austen Chamberlain and Charles G Dawes
Physics: Jean Baptiste Perrin
Chemistry: Theodor Svedberg
Medicine: Johannes Fibiger
Literature: Grazia Deledda
Peace: Aristide Briand and Gustav Stresemann
Physics: Arthur Compton and Charles Thomson Rees Wilson
Chemistry: Heinrich Otto Wieland
Medicine: Julius Wagner-Jauregg
Literature: Henri Bergson
Peace: Ferdinand Buisson and Ludwig Quidde
Physics: Owen Willans Richardson
Chemistry: Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus
Medicine: Charles Nicolle
Literature: Sigrid Undset
Peace: Not Awarded
Physics: Louis de Broglie
Chemistry: Arthur Harden and Hans von Euler-Chelpin
Medicine: Christiaan Eijkman and Frederick Gowland Hopkins
Literature: Thomas Mann
Peace: Frank B Kellogg
Physics: C. V. Raman
Chemistry: Hans Fischer
Medicine: Karl Landsteiner
Literature: Sinclair Lewis
Peace: Nathan Soderblom
Physics: Not Awarded
Chemistry: Karl Bosch and Friedrich Bergius
Medicine: Otto Heinrich Warburg
Literature: Erik Axel Karlfeldt
Peace: Jane Addams and Nicholas Murray Butler
Physics: Werner Heisenberg
Chemistry: Irving Langmuir
Medicine: Charles Scott Sherrington and Edgar Adrian
Literature: John Galsworthy
Peace: Not Awarded
Physics: Erwin Schrodinger and Paul Dirac
Chemistry: Not Awarded
Medicine: Thomas Hunt Morgan
Literature: Ivan Bunin
Peace: Norman Angell
Physics: Not Awarded
Chemistry: Harold Urey
Medicine: George Whipple, George Minot and William P Murphy
Literature: Luigi Pirandello
Peace: Arthur Henderson
Physics: James Chadwick
Chemistry: Frederic Joliot-Curie and Irene Joliot-Curie
Medicine: Hans Spemann
Literature: Not Awarded
Peace: Carl von Ossietzky
Physics: Victor Francis Hess and Carl David Anderson
Chemistry: Peter Debye
Medicine: Henry Hallett Dale and Otto Loewi
Literature: Eugene O’Neill
Peace: Carlos Saavedra Lamas
Physics: Clinton Davisson and George Paget Thomson
Chemistry: Norman Haworth and Paul Karrer
Medicine: Albert Szent-Gyorgyi
Literature: Roger Martin du Gard
Peace: Robert Cecil Viscount of Chelwood
Physics: Enrico Fermi
Chemistry: Richard Kuhn
Medicine: Corneille Heymans
Literature: Pearl S Buck
Peace: Nansen International Office for Refugees
Physics: Ernest Lawrence
Chemistry: Adolf Butenandt and Leopold Ruzicka
Medicine: Gerhard Domagk
Literature: Frans Eemil Sillanpaa
Peace: Not Awarded
No Awards Made
No Awards Made
No Awards Made
Physics: Otto Stern
Chemistry: George de Hevesy
Medicine: Henrik Dam and Edward Adelbert Doisy
Literature: Not Awarded
Peace: Not Awarded
Physics: Isidor Isaac Rabi
Chemistry: Otto Hahn
Medicine: Joseph Erlanger and Herbert Spencer Gasser
Literature: Johannes Vilhelm Jensen
Peace: International Committee of the Red Cross
Physics: Wolfgang Pauli
Chemistry: Artturi Ilmari Virtanen
Medicine: Alexander Fleming, Ernst Boris Chain and Howard Florey
Literature: Garriela Mistral
Peace: Cordell Hull
Physics: Percy Williams Bridgman
Chemistry: James B Sumner, John Howard Northrop and Wendell Meredith Stanley
Medicine: Hermann Joseph Muller
Literature: Hermann Hesse
Peace: Emily Greene Balch and John Mott
Physics: Edward Victor Appleton
Chemistry: Robert Robinson
Medicine: Carl Ferdinand Cori, Gerty Cori and Bernardo Houssay
Literature: Andre Gide
Peace: Friends Service Council and American Friends Service Committee
Physics: Patrick Blackett
Chemistry: Arne Tiselius
Medicine: Paul Hermann Muller
Literature: T. S. Eliot
Peace: Not Awarded
Physics: Hideki Yukawa
Chemistry: William Giauque
Medicine: Walter Rudolf Hess and Antonio Egas Moniz
Literature: William Faulkner
Peace: John Boyd Orr
Physics: C. F. Powell
Chemistry: Otto Diels and Kurt Alder
Medicine: Philip Showalter Hench, Edward Calvin Kendall and Tadeus Reichstein
Literature: Bertrand Russell
Peace: Ralph Bunche
Physics: John Cockcroft and Ernest Walton
Chemistry: Edwin McMillan and Glenn T. Seaborg
Medicine: Max Theilern
Literature: Par Lagerkvist
Peace: Leon Jouhaux
Physics: Felix Bloch and Edward Mills Purcell
Chemistry: Archer John Porter Martin and Richard Laurence Millington Synge
Medicine: Selman Waksman
Literature: Francois Mauriac
Peace: Albert Schweitzer
Physics: Frits Zernike
Chemistry: Hermann Staudinger
Medicine: Hans Adolf Krebs and Fritz Albert Lipmann
Literature: Winston Churchill
Peace: George Marshall
Physics: Max Born and Walther Bothe
Chemistry: Linus Pauling
Medicine: John Franklin Enders, Frederick Chapman Robbins and Thomas Huckle Willer
Literature: Ernest Hemingway
Peace: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Physics: Willis Lamb and Polykarp Kusch
Chemistry: Vincent du Vigneaud
Medicine: Hugo Theorell
Literature: Halldor Laxness
Peace: Not Awarded
Physics: John Bardeen, Walter Houser Brattain and William Shockley
Chemistry: Cyril Norman Hinshelwood and Nikolay Semyonov
Medicine: Andre Frederic Cournand, Werner Forssmann and Dickinson W Richards
Literature: Juan Ramon Jimenez
Peace: Not Awarded
Physics: Chen Ning Yang and Tsung-Dao Lee
Chemistry: Alexander R. Todd
Medicine: Daniel Bovet
Literature: Albert Camus
Peace: Lester B. Pearson
Physics: Pavel Cherenkov, Ilya Frank and Igor Tamm
Chemistry: Frederick Sanger
Medicine: George Wells Beadle, Edward Lawrie Tatum and Joshua Lederberg
Literature: Boris Pasternak
Peace: Dominique Pire
Physics: Emilio G. Segre and Owen Chamberlain
Chemistry: Jaroslav Jeyrovsky
Medicine: Arthur Kornbert and Severo Ochoa
Literature: Salvatore Quasimodo
Peace: Philip Noel-Baker
Physics: Donald A. Glaser
Chemistry: Willard Libby
Medicine: Frank Macfarlane Burnet and Peter Medawar
Literature: Saint-John Perse
Peace: Albert Lutuli
Physics: Robert Hofstadter and Rudolf Mossbauer
Chemistry: Melvin Calvin
Medicine: Georg von Bekesy
Literature: Ivo Andric
Peace: Dag Hammarskjold
Physics: Lev Landau
Chemistry: Max Perutz and John Kendrew
Medicine: Francis Crick, James D. Watson and Maurice Wilkins
Literature: John Steinbeck
Peace: Linus Pauling
Physics: Eugene Wigner, Maria Goeppert-Mayer and J. Hans D. Jensen
Chemistry: Karl Ziegler and Giulio Natta
Medicine: John Eccles, Alan Lloyd Hodgkin and Andrew Huxley
Literature: Giorgos Seferis
Peace: International Committee of the Red Cross and the League of Red Cross Societies
Physics: Charles Hard Townes, Nikolay Basov and Alexander Prokhorov
Chemistry: Dorothy Hodgkin
Medicine: Konrad Emil Bloch and Feodor Felix Konrad Lynen
Literature: Jean-Paul Satre (he refused the award)
Peace: Martin Luther King Jr
Physics: Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Julian Schwinger and Richard Feynman
Chemistry: Robert Burns Woodward
Medicine: Francois Jacob, Andre Michel Lwoff and Jacques Monod
Literature: Mikhail Sholokhov
Peace: United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF)
Physics: Alfred Kastler
Chemistry: Robert S. Muliken
Medicine: Francis Peyton Rous and Charles Benton
Literature: Shmuel Yosef Agnon and Nelly Sachs
Peace: Not Awarded
Physics: Hans Bethe
Chemistry: Manfred Eigen, Ronald George Wreyford Norrish and George Porter
Medicine: Ragnar Granit, Haldan Keffer Hartline and George Wald
Literature: Miguel Angel Asturias
Peace: Not Awarded
Physics: Luis Walter Alvarez
Chemistry: Lars Onsager
Medicine: Robet W. Holley, Har Gobind Khorana and Marshall Warren Nirenberg
Literature: Yasunari Kawabata
Peace: Rene Cassin
Physics: Murray Gell-Mann
Chemistry: Derek Barton and Odd Hassel
Medicine: Max Delbruck, Alfred Hershey and Salvador Luria
Literature: Samuel Beckett
Economics: Ragnar Frisch and Jan Tinbergen
Peace: International Labour Organisation
Physics: Hannes Alfven and Louis Neel
Chemistry: Luis Federico Leloir
Medicine: Julius Axelrod, Ulf von Euler and Bernard Katz
Literature: Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
Economics: Paul Samuelson
Peace: Norman Borlaug
Physics: Dennis Gabor
Chemistry: Gerhard Herzberg
Medicine: Earl Wilbur Sutherland Jr
Literature: Pablo Neruda
Economics: Simon Kuznets
Peace: Willy Brandt
Physics: John Bardeen, Leon Cooper and John Robert Schrieffer
Chemistry: Christian B. Anfinsen, Stanford Moore and William Howard Stein
Medicine: Gerald Edelman and Rodney Robert Porter
Literature: Heinrich Boll
Economics: John Hicks and Kenneth Arrow
Peace: Not Awarded
Physics: Leo Esaki, Ivar Giaever and Brian David Josephson
Chemistry: Ernst Otto Fischer and Geoffrey Wilkinson
Medicine: Karl von Frisch, Konrad Lorenz and Nikolaas Tinbergen
Literature: Patrick White
Economics: Wassily Leontief
Peace: Henry Kissinger and Le Duc Tho (refused the award)
Physics: Martin Ryle and Antony Hewish
Chemistry: Paul Flory
Medicine: Albert Claude, Christian de Duve and George Emil Palade
Literature: Eyvind Johnson and Harry Martinson
Economics: Gunnar Myrdal and Friedrich Hayek
Peace: Sean MacBride and Eisaku Sato
Physics: Aage Bohr, Ben Roy Mottelson and James Rainwater
Chemistry: John Cornforth and Vladimir Prelog
Medicine: David Baltimore, Renato Dulbecco and Howard Martin Temin
Literature: Eugenio Montale
Economics: Leonid Kantorovich and Tjalling Koopmans
Peace: Andrei Sakharov
Physics: Burton Richter and Samuel C. C. Ting
Chemistry: William Lipscomb
Medicine: Baruch Samuel Blumberg and Daniel Carleton Gajdusek
Literature: Saul Bellow
Economics: Milton Friedman
Peace: Betty Williams and Mairead Maguire
Physics: Philip Warren Anderson, Nevill Francis Mott and John Hasbrouck Van Vleck
Chemistry: Ilya Prigogine
Medicine: Roger Guillemin, Andrew Schally and Rosalyn Sussman Yalow
Literature: Vicente Aleixandre
Economics: Bertil Ohlin and James Meade
Peace: Amnesty International
Physics: Pyotr Kapista, Arno Allan Penzias and Robert Woodrow Wilson
Chemistry: Peter D. Mitchell
Medicine: Werner Arber, Daniel Nathans and Hamilton O. Smith
Literature: Isaac Bashevis Singer
Economics: Herbert A. Simon
Peace: Anwar Sadat and Menachem Begin
Physics: Sheldon Lee Glashow, Abdus Salam and Steven Weinberg
Chemistry: Herbert C. Brown and Georg Wittig
Medicine: Allan McLeod Cormack and Godfrey Hounsfield
Literature: Odysseas Elytis
Economics: Theodore Schultz and Arthur Lewis
Peace: Mother Teresa
Physics: James Cronin and Val Logsdon Fitch
Chemistry: Paul Berg, Walter Gilbert and Frederick Sanger
Medicine: Baruj Benacerraf, Jean Dausset and George Davis Snell
Literature: Czeslaw Milosz
Economics: Lawrence Klein
Peace: Adolfo Perez Esquivel
Physics: Nicolaas Bloembergen, Arthur Leonard Schawlow and Kai Siegbahn
Chemistry: Kenichi Fukui and Roald Hoffmann
Medicine: Roger Wolcott Sperry, David H. Hubel and Torsten Wiesel
Literature: Elias Canetti
Economics: James Tobin
Peace: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Physics: Kenneth G. Wilson
Chemistry: Aaron Klug
Medicine: Sune Bergstrom, Bengt I. Samuelsson and John Vane
Literature: Gabriel Garcia Marquez
Economics: George Stigler
Peace: Alva Myrdal and Alfonso Garcia Robles
Physics: Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar and William Alfred Fowler
Chemistry: Henry Taube
Medicine: Barbara McClintock
Literature: William Golding
Economics: Gerard Debreu
Peace: Lech Walesa
Physics: Carlo Rubbia and Simon van der Meer
Chemistry: Robert Bruce Merrifield
Medicine: Niels Kaj Jerne, Georges J. F, Kohler, Cesar Milstein
Literature: Jaroslav Seifert
Economics: Richard Stone
Peace: Desmond Tutu
Physics: Klaus von Klitzing
Chemistry: Herbert A. Hauptman and Jerome Karle
Medicine: Michael Stuart Brown and Joseph L. Godlstein
Literature: Claude Simon
Economics: Franco Modigliani
Peace: International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War
Physics: Ernst Ruska, Gerd Binnig and Heinrich Rohrer
Chemistry: Dudley R. Herschbach, Yuan T. Lee and John Polanyi
Medicine: Stanley Cohen and Rita Levi-Montalcini
Literature: Wole Soyinka
Economics: James M. Buchanan
Peace: Elie Wiesel
Physics: Johannes Georg Bednorz and Karl Alexander Muller
Chemistry: Donald J. Cram, Jean-Marie Lehn and Charles J. Pedersen
Medicine: Susumu Tonegawa
Literature: Joseph Bordsky
Economics: Robert Solow
Peace: Oscar Arias
Physics: Leon M. Lederman, Melvin Schwartz and Jack Steinberger
Chemistry: Johann Deisenhofer, Robert Huber and Hartmut Michel
Medicine: James W. Black, Gertrude B. Elion and George H. Hitchings
Literature: Naguib Mahfouz
Economics: Maurice Allais
Peace: United Nations Peace-Keeping Forces
Physics: Norman Foster Ramsey Jr, Hans Georg Dehmelt and Wolfgang Paul
Chemistry: Sidney Altman and Thomas Cech
Medicine: J. Michael Bishop and Harold E. Varmus
Literature: Camilo Jose Cela
Economics: Trygve Haavelmo
Peace: Tenzin Gyatso (Dalai Lama)
Physics: Jerome Isaac Friedman, Henry Way Kendall and Richard E. Taylor
Chemistry: Elias James Corey
Medicine: Joseph Murray and E. Donnall Thomas
Literature: Octavio Paz
Economics: Harry Markowitz, Merton Miller and William F. Sharpe
Peace: Mikhail Gorbachev
Physics: Pierre-Gilles de Gennes
Chemistry: Richard R Ernst
Medicine: Erwin Neher Bert Sakmann
Literature: ONadine Gordimer
Economics: Ronald Coase
Peace: Aung San Suu Kyi
Physics: Georges Charpak
Chemistry: Rudolph A. Marcus
Medicine: Edmond H. Fischer and Edwin G. Krebs
Literature: Derek Walcott
Economics: Gary Becker
Peace: Rigoverta Menchu
Physics: Russell Alan Hulse and Joseph Hooton Taylor Jr
Chemistry: Kary Mullis and Michael Smith
Medicine: Richard J. Roberts and Phillip Allen Sharp
Literature: Toni Morrison
Economics: Robert Fogel and Douglass North
Peace: Nelson Mandela and F. W. de Klerk
Physics: Bertram Brockhouse and Clifford Shull
Chemistry: George Andrew Olah
Medicine: Alfred G. Gilman and Martin Rodbell
Literature: Kenzaburo Oe
Economics: John Harsanyi, John Forbes Nash Jr and Reinhard Selten
Peace: Yasser Arafat, Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin
Physics: Martin Lewis Perl and Frederick Reines
Chemistry: Paul J. Crutzen, Mario J. Molina and Frank Sherwood Rowland
Medicine: Edward B. Lewis, Christiane Nusslein-Volhard and Eric F. Wieschaus
Literature: Seamus Heaney
Economics: Robert Lucas Jr
Peace: Joseph Rotblat and Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs
Physics: David Lee, Douglas Osheroff and Robert Coleman Richardson
Chemistry: Robert F. Curl Jr, Harry Kroto and Richard Smalley
Medicine: Peter C. Doherty and Rolf M. Zinkernagel
Literature: Wislawa Szymborska
Economics: James Mirrlees and William Vickrey
Peace: Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo and Jose Ramos-Horta
Physics: Stephen Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and William Daniel Philips
Chemistry: Paul D. Boyer, John E. Walker and Jens Christian Skou
Medicine: Stanley B. Prusiner
Literature: Dario Fo
Economics: Robert C. Merton and Myron Scholes
Peace: Jody Williams and the International Campaign to Ban Landmines
Physics: Robert B. Laughlin, Horst Ludwig Stormer and Daniel C Tsui
Chemistry: Walter Kohn and John Pople
Medicine: Robert F. Furchgott, Louis Ignarro and Ferid Murad
Literature: Jose Saramago
Economics: Armartya Sen
Peace: John Hume and David Trimble
Physics: Gerard ‘t Hooft and Martinus J. G. Veltman
Chemistry: Ahmed Zewail
Medicine: Gunter Blobel
Literature: Gunter Grass
Economics: Robert Mundell
Peace: Medecins Sans Frontieres
Physics: Zhores Alferov, Herbert Kroemer and Jack Kilby
Chemistry: Alan J. Heeger, Alan MacDiarmid and Hideki Shirakawa
Medicine: Arvid Carlsson, Paul Greengard and Eric Kandel
Literature: Gao Xingjian
Economics: James Heckman and Daniel McFadden
Peace: Kim Daejung
Physics: Eric Allin Cornell, Wolfgang Ketterle and Carl Wieman
Chemistry: William Standish Knowles, Ryoji Noyori and Karl Barry Sharpless
Medicine: Leland H. Hartwell, Tim Hunt and Paul Nurse
Literature: V. S. Naipaul
Economics: George Akerlof, Michael Spence and Joseph Stiglitz
Peace: Kofi Annan and the United Nations
Physics: Raymond Davis Jr, Masatoshi Koshiba and Riccardo Giacconi
Chemistry: John Fenn, Koichi Tanaka and Kurt Wuthrich
Medicine: Sydney Brenner, H. Robert Horvitz and John Sulston
Literature: Imre Kertesz
Economics: Daniel Kahneman and Vernon L. Smith
Peace: Jimmy Carter
Physics: Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov, Vitaly Ginzburg and Anthony James Leggett
Chemistry: Peter Agre and Roderick MacKinnon
Medicine: Paul Lauterbur and Peter Mansfield
Literature: J. M. Coetzee
Economics: Robert F. Engle and Clive Granger
Peace: Shirin Ebadi
Physics: David Gross, Hugh David Politzer and Frank Wilczek
Chemistry: Aaron Ciechanover, Avram Hershko and Irwin Rose
Medicine: Richard Axel and Linda B. Buck
Literature: Elfriede Jelinek
Economics: Finn E, Kydland and Edward C. Prescott
Peace: Wangari Maathai
Physics: Roy J. Glauber, John L. Hall and Theodor W. Hansch
Chemistry: Yves Chauvin, Robert H. Grubbs and Richard R. Schrock
Medicine: Barry Marshall and Robin Warren
Literature: Harold Pinter
Economics: Robert Aumann and Thomas Schelling
Peace: Mohamed ElBaradei and the International Atomic Energy Agency
Physics: John C. Mather and George Smoot
Chemistry: Roger D. Kornberg
Medicine: Andrew Fire and Craig Mello
Literature: Orhan Pamuk
Economics: Edmund Phelps
Peace: Muhammad Yunus and Grameen Bank
Physics: Albert Fert and Peter Grunberg
Chemistry: Gerhard Ertl
Medicine: Mario Capecchi, Martin Evans and Oliver Smithies
Literature: Doris Lessing
Economics: Leonid Hurwicz, Eric Maskin and Roger Myerson
Peace: Al Gore and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Physics: Yoichiro Nambu, Makoto Kobayashi, Toshihide Maskawa
Chemistry: Osamu Shimomura, Martin Chalfie and Roger Y Tsien
Medicine: Harald zur Hausen, Francoise Barre-Sinoussi and Luc Montagnier
Literature: J. M. G. Le Clezio
Economics: Paul Krugman
Peace: Marti Ahtisaari
Physics: Charles K Kao, Willard S, Boyle and George E. Smith
Chemistry: Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, Thomas A. Steitz and Ada Yonath
Medicine: Elizabeth Blackburn, Carol W. Greider and Jack W. Szostak
Literature: Herta Muller
Economics: Elinor Ostrom and Oliver E. Williamson
Peace: Barack Obama
Physics: Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov
Chemistry: Richard F. Heck, Ei-ichi Negishi and Akira Suzuki
Medicine: Robert G. Edwards
Literature: Mario Vargas Llosa
Economics: Peter A. Diamond, Dale T. Mortensen and Christopher A. Pissarides
Peace: Liu Xiaobo
Physics: Saul Perlmutter, Adam G. Riess and Brian Schmidt
Chemistry: Dan Shechtman
Medicine: Bruce Beutler, Jules A. Hoffmann and Ralph M. Steinman
Literature: Tomas Transtromer
Economics: Thomas J. Sargent and Christopher A. Sims
Peace: Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Leymah Gbowee and Tawakel Karman
Physics: Serge Haroche and David J. Wineland
Chemistry: Brian K. Kobilka and Robert J. Lefkowitz
Medicine: John B. Gurdon and Shinya Yamanaka
Literature: Mo Yan
Economics: Alvin E. Roth and Lloyd S. Shapley
Peace: European Union
Physics: Francois Englert and Peter W. Higgs
Chemistry: Martin Karplus, Michael Levitt and Arieh Warshel
Medicine: James E. Rothman, Randy W. Schekman and Thomas C. Sudhof
Literature: Alice Munroe
Economics: Eugene F. Fama, Lars Peter Hansen and Robert J. Shiller
Peace: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
Physics: Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano and Shuji Nakamura
Chemistry: Eric Betzig, Stefan Hell and William Moerner
Medicine: John O’Keefe, May-Britt Moser and Edvard Moser
Literature: Patrick Modiano
Economics: Jean Tirole
Peace: Kailash Satyarthi and Malala Yousafzai
Physics: Takaaki Kajita and Arthur B. McDonald
Chemistry: Tomas Lindahl, Paul L. Modrich and Aziz Sancar
Medicine: William C. Campbell, Satoshi Omura and Tu Youyou
Literature: Svetlana Alexievich
Economics: Angus Deaton
Peace: Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet
Physics: David J. Thouless, Duncan Haldane and John M. Kosterlitz
Chemistry: Jean-Pierre Sauvage, Fraser Stoddart and Ben Feringa
Medicine: Yoshinori Ohsumi
Literature: Bob Dylan
Economics: Oliver Hart and Bengt R. Holmstrom
Peace: Juan Manuel Santos
Physics: Rainer Weiss, Barry Barish and Kip Thorne
Chemistry: Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank and Richard Henderson
Medicine: Jeffrey C. Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael W. Young
Literature: Kazuo Ishiguro
Economics: Richard Thaler
Peace: International Campaign to abolish Nuclear Weapons
Physics: Arthur Ashkin, Gerard Mourou and Donna Strickland
Chemistry: Frances H Arnold, George P Smith and Greg Winter
Medicine: James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo
Literature: Olga Tokarczuk
Economics: William Nordhaus and Paul Romer
Peace: Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad
Physics: James Peebles, Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz
Chemistry: John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino
Medicine: William Kaelin Jr, Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza
Literature: Peter Handke
Economics: Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo and Michael Kremer
Peace: Abiy Ahmed
Physics: Roger Penrose, Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez
Chemistry: Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A. Doudna
Medicine: Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M. Rice
Literature: Louise Glück
Economics: Paul R. Milgrom and Robert B. Wilson
Peace: World Food Programme WFP
Physics: Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann and Giorgio Parisi
Chemistry: Benjamin List and David W.C. MacMillan
Medicine: David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian
Literature: Abdulrazak Gurnah
Economics: David Card, Joshua D. Angrist and Guido W. Imbens
Peace: Maria Ressa and Dmitry Muratov


Published Nov 15, 2019 @ 3:40 pm – Updated – May 5, 2022 @ 1:15 pm

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2019 – 2022). Nobel Prize Winners 1901 – Present. Available: Last accessed August 7th, 2022