Around 100,000 people were killed during an outbreak of what may have been typhoid.
Although described as plague at the time this outbreak, affecting a large area of the Roman Empire may have been smallpox or measles. It lasted for around 15 years and caused the deaths of around 5 million people.
Thousands of people died during this outbreak which spread throughout Italy over a period of 12 years. This outbreak may have been smallpox or influenza.
Named after the Roman Emperor Justinian, this outbreak of plague began in the Eastern Roman Empire and spread throughout the Mediterranean region. It lasted for two years and killed around 35 million people. It is believed to have been caused by the same bacteria that caused the Black Death in 1346 and was the first plague pandemic.
This was a localised outbreak of plague.
Plague attacked the city of Ctesiphon, capital of the Sasanian Empire killing around 100,000 people.
It is thought that an earthquake in central Asia or an asteroid falling to Earth may have released the plague bacillus, Yersinia pestis. This second plague pandemic spread to Constantinople and was then carried by ships to Sicily. It spread through Italy then on to France and Great Britain. It then spread to Scandinavia, Germany and Poland before reaching Russia. It lasted for 5 years and killed at least 30% of the population, possibly as many as 200 million people.
This was a localised outbreak of plague that killed around 15,000 people in London in four months.
This was a localised outbreak of plague that killed around 20,000 people in London in a six-month period.
This outbreak of plague affected most of Spain and took the lives of around 600,000 people.
This outbreak of plague affected northern and central Italy. It claimed the lives of around a million people.
This outbreak of plague affected the Mediterranean region of Spain and spread through Andalucia over a 5 year period. The city of Seville was very badly affected with a quarter of the population falling victim to the disease.
An outbreak of plague broke out in the capital city. It killed around 100,000 people.
This outbreak of plague took the lives of around 76,000 people in the city of Vienna.
This outbreak of bubonic plague affected the port of Marseille and then spread through southern France. It took the lives of around 100,000 people.
This outbreak of bubonic plague spread across Austria, Croatia, Hungary, Romania, Serbia and the Ukraine killing around 50,000 people.
This outbreak of plague broke out during the Russian-Turkish war and spread through Ukraine and Russia killing more than 50,000 people.
This outbreak began in the Yunnan province of China and spread throughout the World. From China it spread to Hong Kong where it was carried throughout the British Empire and then worldwide by trading ships. Outbreaks occurred in the ports and then spread inland. The impact was greatest in India where it is estimated that 10 million people died. Overall it is thought that the pandemic killed 15 million people. It was not considered over until 1960.
An outbreak of bubonic and pneumonic plague was reported in southern and south-western India. 56 people died over two months.
An outbreak of bubonic and pneumonic plague was reported in Madagascar. 40 people died of the disease over a four month period.
An outbreak of pneumonic plague was reported in Madagascar. There were 2119 reported cases of the disease and 171 people died over a two month period.
Published Jun 9, 2019 @ 12:20 pm – Updated –
Harvard Reference for this page:
Heather Y Wheeler. (2019). Outbreaks of the Plague 430 BCE – Present Day. Available: https://www.totallytimelines.com/outbreaks-of-the-plague-430-bce-present-day. Last accessed April 4th, 2020