Pompey Magnus 106 BCE – 48 BCE

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Pompey Magnus
Father – Gnaeus Pompeius Strabo
Mother – Not known
Spouse – Antistia, Aemilia, Mucia, Julia, Cornelia
Children – Gnaeus Pompeius, Pompeia Magna, Sextus Pompeius

Please note: we have chosen to use the new format BCE (before common era) rather than the old BC (before Christ)

EARLY YEARS
106 BCE (September 29th)
Born in Picenum, Italy to Gnaeus Pompeius Strabo, a wealthy Italian
104 BCE (date unknown)
Pompey’s father became Quaestor
92 BCE (date unknown)
Pompey’s father became Praetor
89 BCE (date unknown)
Pompey’s father became Consul
89 BCE (during)
Pompey served in the army, under his father, during the Social Wars
87 BCE (date unknown)
Pompey’s father died. Pompey inherited his father’s lands and army
86 BCE (during)
Pompey married Antistia
83 BCE (during)
Pompey supported Lucius Cornelius Sulla against Gnaeus Papirius Carbo and the Marian faction
82 BCE (date unknown)
Lucius Cornelius Sulla defeated the Marians and became Dictator
82 BCE (date unknown)
Married Sulla’s daughter Aemilia Scaura. She died later that year.
82 BCE (during)
Pompey secured Sicily for Sulla
81 BCE (during)
Pompey secured the Roman province in North Africa for Sulla
81 BCE (date unknown)
Sulla refused to grant Pompey a tribute
79 BCE (date unknown)
Married Mucia Tertia, daughter of Quintus Mucius Scaevola.
78 BCE (during)
Supported Lepidus who became Consul
78 BCE (date unknown)
Sulla died
78 BCE (during)
Lepidus attempted to thwart the burial arrangements for Sulla but Pompey stepped in and defeated Lepidus
POLITICAL LADDER
77 BCE (date unknown)
Pompey requested that he be made Proconsul and sent to Hispania (Spain) to deal with Quintus Sertorius a popularis who was against the Senate
76 BCE (date unknown)
Pompey began his campaign in Spain
71 BCE (early)
Pompey had brought Spain under the control of the Senate
71 BCE (31st December)
Pompey was given a tribute for his successes in Spain
70 BCE (during)
Served as Consul with Marcus Licinius Crassus who had defeated Spartacus
67 BCE (during)
Lex Gabinia – This law proposed by Aulus Gabinius, tribune of the Plebs, granted Pompey extraordinary proconsular powers in any region within 50 miles of the Mediterranean Sea. The move was introduced to allow Pompey to deal with pirates that were patrolling the Mediterranean Sea and preventing grain from reaching Rome.
66 BCE (Summer)
Pompey had cleared the Mediterranean Sea of pirates thus ensuring the grain supply
66 BCE (late)
Pompey was given an extended command of the army and sent to defeat Mithridates in the East
65 BCE (date unknown)
Pompey defeated Mithridates
64 BCE (date unknown)
Pompey conquered Syria and made it a Roman province
63 BCE (date unknown)
Pompey conquered Phoenicia, modern day Lebanon, and made it a Roman province
63 BCE (date unknown)
Pompey gained control of Jerusalem and made it subservient to Syria
61 BCE (September 29th)
Pompey was given a tribute in Rome
FIRST TRIUMVIRATE
60 BCE (December)
Formed an unofficial alliance (first triumvirate) with Julius Caesar and Crassus. In return for support Caesar would support measures that would benefit them all. Cicero was offered a part of the alliance but declined
59 BCE (for the year)
Julius Caesar served as Consul
59 BCE (early)
Pompey supported Julius Caesar’s Agrarian Bill that would redistribute wasteland in Italy to Pompey’s soldiers and homeless poor people.
59 BCE (May)
Pompey married Julius Caesar’s daughter, Julia.
58 BCE (during)
Pompey was made governor of Hispaniola but remained in Rome to deal with the supply of grain.
58 BCE (during)
Clodius Pulcher, tribune of the Plebs, spoke against Pompey.
57 BCE (August)
Pompey helped Cicero to return to Rome from exile. Cicero then supported Pompey against Clodius
57 BCE (During)
Pompey, Crassus and Cicero were becomming increasingly concerned about the growing popularity of Julius Caesar
56 BCE (April)
Luca Conference – This conference, called by Julius Caesar and held at Luca was attended by Julius Caesar, Pompey Magnus and Crassus. An agreement was reached whereby Caesar’s governorship of Gaul was extended for a further five years, Pompey and Crassus would be elected as Consuls from 55 BCE and would afterwards be given the provinces of Spain and Syria respectively.
56 BCE (during)
Relations between Pompey and Crassus were becoming increasingly strained. There was unrest in Rome due to several poor harvests resulting in a grain shortage. Many people blamed Caesar’s Agrarian Law.
55 BCE (during)
Pompey and Crassus served as joint Consuls for the year. However, it had taken much bribery to secure their positions.
54 BCE (September)
Pompey’s young wife Julia, Julius Caesar’s daughter, died in childbirth
53 BCE (June)
Crassus was killed at the Battle of Carrhae.
53 BCE (after June)
With Crassus dead and the marriage tie between Caesar and Pompey broken, the Triumvirate fell apart
52 BCE (During)
Pompey married Cornelia Mettella, the daughter of Scipio, enemy of Julius Caesar.
52 BCE (During)
The popular Clodius was murdered. Seeking revenge his supporters set fire to the Senate House. The Senate called on Pompey to diffuse the situation. After successfully regaining peace Pompey was made sole Consul of Rome. This effectively made him Dictator.
CIVIL WAR
51 BCE (During)
Pompey refused to grant Julius Caesar the position of Consul in absentia and ordered him to return to Rome unarmed and face re-election.
49 BCE (January)
Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon river with his thirteenth legion and marched on Rome. This action marked the beginning of Civil War in Rome.
49 BCE (February)
Pompey decided that he could not raise a force to defeat Caesar so he and other senators left Rome bound for Greece. Unfortunately they forgot to take the treasury with them.
49 BCE (March – August)
Julius Caesar defeated forces in Spain that were loyal to Pompey
49 BCE (April – September)
Julius Caesar lay siege to Massilia (Marseille) which was loyal to Pompey. The city fell in September
48 BCE (for the year)
With Pompey in Greece Julius Caesar served as Consul of Rome
48 BCE (10th July)
Pompey was able to force Caesar into retreat at the Battle of Dyrrhachium in Macedonia.
48 BCE (9th August)
Battle of Pharsalus. Decisive victory over Pompey who fled to Egypt
48 BCE (28th September)
Pompey arrived in Egypt but as he reached shore he was stabbed to death by Achillas, Septimius and Salvius who believed that out of gratitude Caesar would support Ptolemy XIII of Egypt.

 

Published Oct 15, 2015 @ 2:25 pm – Updated – Mar 12, 2018 @ 3:15 pm

 

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Pompey Magnus 106 BCE – 48 BCE. Available: https://www.totallytimelines.com/pompey-magnus-106-bce-48-bce/ Last Accessed July 20th, 2018

 

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