Pompey Magnus 106 BCE – 48 BCE

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Pompey Magnus
Father – Gnaeus Pompeius Strabo
Mother – Not known
Spouse – Antistia, Aemilia, Mucia, Julia, Cornelia
Children – Gnaeus Pompeius, Pompeia Magna, Sextus Pompeius

Please note: we have chosen to use the new format BCE (before common era) rather than the old BC (before Christ)

 

EARLY YEARS
106 BCE (29th September)
Pompey Magnus was born Gnaeus Pompey Magnus in Picenum, Italy. His father was Gnaeus Pompeius Strabo, a wealthy Italian, the identity of his mother is not known.
104 BCE (during)
Pompey’s father became Quaestor of Rome.
92 BCE (during)
Pompey’s father became Praetor of Rome.
89 BCE (during)
Pompey Magnus’s father became Consul of Rome.
89 BCE (during)
Pompey Magnus served in the army during the Social Wars. His father was his commander.
87 BCE (during)
Pompey’s father died. Pompey inherited his father’s lands and army.
86 BCE (during)
Pompey married Antistia.
83 BCE (during)
Pompey supported Lucius Cornelius Sulla against Gnaeus Papirius Carbo and the Marian faction in Rome.
82 BCE (during)
Lucius Cornelius Sulla defeated the Marians and became Dictator.
82 BCE (during)
Pompey Magnus married Sulla’s daughter Aemilia Scaura. She died later that year.
82 BCE (during)
Pompey secured Sicily for Sulla.
81 BCE (during)
Pompey secured the Roman province in North Africa for Sulla.
81 BCE (during)
Despite his military successes, Sulla refused to grant Pompey a tribute.
79 BCE (during)
Pompey Magnus married Mucia Tertia, daughter of Quintus Mucius Scaevola.
78 BCE (during)
Pompey supported Lepidus who became Consul ofRome.
78 BCE (during)
Sulla died.
78 BCE (during)
Lepidus attempted to thwart the burial arrangements for Sulla but Pompey stepped in and defeated Lepidus.
POLITICAL LADDER
77 BCE (during)
Pompey requested that he be made Proconsul and was sent to Hispania (Spain) to deal with Quintus Sertorius a popularis who was against the Senate.
76 BCE (during)
Pompey began his campaign in Spain.
71 BCE (early)
Pompey succeeded in bringing Spain under the control of the Senate.
71 BCE (31st December)
Pompey was given a tribute for his successes in Spain
70 BCE (during)
Served as Consul with Marcus Licinius Crassus who had defeated Spartacus
67 BCE (during)
Lex Gabinia
This law was proposed by Aulus Gabinius, tribune of the Plebs. It granted Pompey extraordinary proconsular powers in any region within 50 miles of the Mediterranean Sea and was introduced to allow Pompey to deal with pirates that were patrolling the Mediterranean Sea and preventing grain from reaching Rome.
66 BCE (Summer)
Pompey had cleared the Mediterranean Sea of pirates thus ensuring an uninterrupted grain supply to Rome.
66 BCE (late)
Pompey was given an extended command of the army and sent to defeat Mithridates in the East.
65 BCE (during)
Pompey defeated Mithridates.
64 BCE (during)
Pompey conquered Syria and made it a Roman province.
63 BCE (during)
Pompey Magnus conquered Phoenicia (Lebanon), and made it a Roman province.
63 BCE (during)
Pompey gained control of Jerusalem and made it subservient to Syria.
61 BCE (September 29th)
Pompey was given a tribute in Rome.
FIRST TRIUMVIRATE
60 BCE (December)
First Triumvirate Alliance
Pompey Magnus formed an unofficial alliance (first triumvirate) with Julius Caesar and Crassus. In return for their support Caesar would champion measures that would benefit them all. Cicero, who was in exile, was offered the chance to be part of the alliance but declined.
59 BCE (during)
Julius Caesar served as Consul of Rome.
59 BCE (early)
Agrarian Bill
Pompey supported this bill put forward by Julius Caesar that would redistribute wasteland in Italy to Pompey’s soldiers and homeless poor people.
59 BCE (May)
Pompey married Julius Caesar’s daughter, Julia.
58 BCE (during)
Pompey was made governor of Hispaniola but remained in Rome to deal with the supply of grain.
58 BCE (during)
Clodius Pulcher, tribune of the Plebs, spoke against Pompey.
57 BCE (August)
Pompey helped Cicero to return to Rome from exile. Cicero then supported Pompey against Clodius.
57 BCE (During)
Pompey, Crassus and Cicero were becoming increasingly concerned about the growing popularity of Julius Caesar
56 BCE (April)
Luca Conference
This conference, called by Julius Caesar and held at Luca was attended by Julius Caesar, Pompey Magnus and Crassus. An agreement was reached whereby Caesar’s governorship of Gaul was extended for a further five years, Pompey and Crassus would be elected as Consuls from 55 BCE and would afterwards be given the provinces of Spain and Syria respectively.
56 BCE (during)
Relations between Pompey and Crassus were becoming increasingly strained. There was unrest in Rome due to several poor harvests resulting in a grain shortage. Many people blamed Caesar’s Agrarian Law.
55 BCE (during)
Pompey and Crassus served as joint Consuls for the year. However, it had taken much bribery to secure their positions.
54 BCE (September)
Pompey’s young wife Julia, Julius Caesar’s daughter, died in childbirth
53 BCE (June)
Battle of Carrhae
Crassus was killed in this battle against the Parthian Empire.
53 BCE (after June)
With Crassus dead and the marriage tie between Caesar and Pompey broken, the Triumvirate fell apart
52 BCE (during)
Pompey married Cornelia Mettella, the daughter of Scipio, enemy of Julius Caesar.
52 BCE (during)
The popular Clodius was murdered. Seeking revenge his supporters set fire to the Senate House. The Senate called on Pompey to diffuse the situation. After successfully regaining peace Pompey was made sole consul of Rome. This effectively made him Dictator.
CIVIL WAR
51 BCE (During)
Julius Caesar was in Gaul. Pompey refused to grant him the position of consul in absentia and ordered him to return to Rome unarmed and face re-election.
49 BCE (January)
Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon river with his thirteenth legion and marched on Rome. This action marked the beginning of Civil War in Rome.
49 BCE (February)
Pompey decided that he could not raise a force to defeat Caesar so he and other senators left Rome bound for Greece. Unfortunately they forgot to take the treasury with them.
49 BCE (March – August)
Julius Caesar defeated forces in Spain that were loyal to Pompey
49 BCE (April – September)
Julius Caesar lay siege to Massilia (Marseille) which was loyal to Pompey. The city fell in September.
48 BCE (during)
With Pompey Magnus in Greece, Julius Caesar served as consul of Rome.
48 BCE (10th July)
Battle of Dyrrhachium
This battle was fought between the forces of Pompey and Julius Caesar. Pompey managed to force Caesar into retreat.
48 BCE (9th August)
Battle of Pharsalus
This second battle between the forces of Pompey and Caesar saw Caesar victorious. Pompey fled to Egypt
48 BCE (28th September)
Pompey arrived in Egypt but as he reached shore he was stabbed to death by Achillas, Septimius and Salvius who believed that out of gratitude Caesar would support Ptolemy XIII of Egypt.
48 BCE (October)
Julius Caesar pursued Pompey to Egypt. Upon arrival was presented with Pompey’s head. Caesar was horrified at the murder of Pompey and demanded a return of money Egypt owed to Rome. He took the city of Alexandria in Egypt for his headquarters. He also decided to back Cleopatra rather than her brother

 

Published Sept 21, 2014 @ 2:25 pm – Updated – Jul 15, 2019 @ 12:30 pm

 

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2014 – 2019). Pompey Magnus 106 BCE – 48 BCE. Available: https://www.totallytimelines.com/pompey-magnus-106-bce-48-bce/ Last Accessed October 23rd, 2019

 

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