Queen Victoria of Great Britain and Ireland 1819 – 1901

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Queen Victoria

 

Father – Edward, Duke of Kent
Mother – Victoria of Saxe-Saalfield-Coburg
Spouse – Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Children – Victoria, Albert, Alice, Alfred, Helena, Louise, Arthur, Leopold, Beatrice
Queen of England – 1837 – 1901
Predecessor – William IV
Successor – Edward VII

 

1819 (24th May)
A daughter, Alexandrina Victoria was born to Edward, Duke of Kent (fourth son of George III) and Victoria Mary Louisa of Saxe-Saalfeld-Coburg at Kensington Palace, London. She was fifth in line to the throne.
1819 (24th June)
Princess Alexandrina Victoria was christened at Kensington Palace by the archbishop of Canterbury.
1820 (23rd January)
Victoria’s father, Edward, Duke of Kent died at Sidmouth. His death meant that Victoria was fourth in line to the throne throne.
1820 (29th January)
King George III died and was succeeded by his son George IV. Victoria became third in line to the throne.
1827 (5th January)
Victoria’s uncle, Frederick, Duke of York, died. Victoria became second in line to the throne.
1830 (26th June)
King George IV died and was succeeded by his brother William IV. Victoria became heir to the throne.
1832 (during)
Victoria went on a royal tour of Wales.
1837 (24th May)
Victoria celebrated her eighteenth birthday. Her coming of age also meant that she would not need a regent to rule in her stead when she became queen.
1837 (20th June)
William IV died without children and Victoria became Queen.
1838 (28th June)
Queen Victoria was crowned at Westminster Abbey. More than 400,000 people lined the streets to see the young queen.
1839 (February)
The young queen accused Lady Flora Hastings, one of her mother’s ladies in waiting who she disliked intensely, of becomming pregnant by Sir John Conroy her mother’s partner who she also disliked. When it was revealed that Lady Flora was a virgin and her enlarged stomach was due to a tumour, Victoria lost popularity.
1839 (7th May)
Bedchamber Crisis
The Prime Minister, Lord Melbourne, who had closely advised Victoria since her accession, resigned. He advised Victoria to appoint the Tory Lord Peel as new Prime Minister. Peel requested that Victoria replace some of her Whig Ladies in Waiting with Tory Ladies. When Victoria refused he declined to accept the position of Prime Minister. Melbourne returned as Prime Minister fuelling claims that he and Victoria were too close.
1839 (15th October)
Victoria proposed to her cousin, Albert of Saxe Coburg and Gotha and he accepted her proposal.
1839 (16th December)
Albert was made a Knight of the Garter.
1840 (10th February)
Victoria married Albert in the Chapel Royal at St James’ Palace.
1840 (10th June)
Assassination attempt failed
Edward Oxford fired two shots at the Queen and Prince Albert as they were travelling in their carriage along Constitution Hill. He was overpowered by spectators and handed to the police. He was tried with High Treason and found guilty but escaped execution on the grounds of insanity.
1840 (21st November)
A daughter Victoria Adelaide Mary Louise was born to Victoria and Albert at Buckingham Palace.
1841 (22nd July)
Lord Melbourne’s Whig party were defeated in the General Election and Tory Robert Peel became Prime Minister.
1841 (9th November)
A son, Albert Edward (known as Bertie), was born to Victoria and Albert at Buckingham Palace. He was created Duke of Cornwall and Rothesay, Eatrl of Carrick, Lord of the Isles and Baron Renfrew from birth.
1841 (8th December)
Victoria’s son, Albert Edward, was created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester.
1842 (during)
Victoria and Albert made a tour of Scotland.
1842 (30th May)
Assassination attempt failed
John Francis fired a shot at the Queen and Prince Albert while they were travelling in a carriage. He was arrested at the scene. He was found guilty of high treason and sentenced to death. Queen Victoria commuted the sentence to transportation to Australia.
1842 (3rd July)
Assassination attempt failed
John William Bean, armed with a pistol, pushed his way to the front of a crowd waiting to see the Queen pass. He was seized by another spectator and handed to the police. He was charged with attempted assault and found guilty and sentenced to 18 months in jail.
1843 (during)
Victoria and Albert visited King King Louis Philippe I of Fance in Normandy.
1843 (25th April)
A daughter, Alice Maud Mary, was born to Victoria and Albert.
1844 (6th August)
A son, Alfred Ernest Albert, was born to Victoria and Albert at Buckingham Palace.
1845 (during)
Victoria and Albert bought Osborne House on the Isle of Wight.
1846 (23rd May)
A daughter, Helena Augusta Victoria, was born to Victoria and Albert at Buckingham Palace.
1846 (June)
Robert Peel resigned as Prime MInister after failing to gain support for a repeal of the Corn Laws. Whig Lord John Russell took over as Prime Minister.
1847 (during)
Victoria and Albert purchased Balmoral Castle in Scotland.
1847 (26th August)
The Conservatives won the General Election and Whig Lord John Russell remained as Prime Minister.
1848 (during)
A daughter, Louise Caroline Alberta, was born to Victoria and Albert at Buckingham Palace.
1848 (April)
Fearful that the revolution in France which had led to the deposing of the French monarchy would spread to England, Victoria and her family moved to Osborne House on the Isle of Wight for safety.
1849 (during)
Victoria and Albert made an official visit to Ireland.
1849 (13th May)
Assassination attempt failed
William Hamilton fired a shot at the Queen while she travelling in a carriage along Constitution Hill. He was arrested at the scene and pleaded guilty to attempted assassination. He was sentenced to transportation to Australia for seven years.
1850 (17th January)
Victoria’s son, Albert Edward, was created Earl of Dublin.
1850 (1st May)
A son, Arthur William Patrick Albert, was born to Victoria and Albert at Buckingham Palace.
1850 (27th June)
Assassination attempt failed
Robert Pate ran up to the carriage the Queen was travelling in and hit her hard on the head with a black cane. He was arrested at the scene and charged with assaulting the Queen. He was found guilty and sentenced to transportation for seven years.
1851 (during)
The Great Exhibition, which was the idea of Prince Albert, was held at Crystal Palace in London to celebrate art, science, trade and industry.It was a great success.
1852 (during)
Victoria and Albert purchased Balmoral Castle.
1852 (23rd February)
Edward Stanley, Earl of Derby won the General Election and became Prime Minister of a Conservative government.
1852 (19th December)
The Conservative government collapsed when the House of Commons failed to pass the Chancellor’s budget. George Gordon, Earl of Aberdeen became Prime Minister of a Peelite-Whig Coalition.
1853 (7th April)
A son, Leopold George Duncan Albert at Buckingham Palace, was born to Victoria and Albert.
1855 (30th January)
George Gordon, Prime Minister, resigned over the investigation into the Crimean War.
1855 (6th February)
Henry Temple, Viscount Palmerston, took over as Prime Minister of a minority government after George Gordon, Earl of Aberdeen resigned.
1857 (14th April)
A daughter, Beatrice Mary Victoria Feodore, was born to Victoria and Albert at Buckingham Palace.
1857 (26th June)
Prince Albert was granted the title Prince Consort.
1858 (25th January)
Victoria’s daughter, Princess Victoria married Prince Frederick of Prussia at the Chapel Royal, St James’ Palace, London.
1858 (20th February)
Edward Stanley, Earl of Derby became Prime Minister of a Conservative government when the Whig government collapsed.
1858 (9th November)
Victoria’s son, Albert Edward, was made a Knight of the Garter.
1859 (12th June)
Henry Temple, Viscount Palmerston won the General Election and became Prime Minister of a Liberal government.
1861 (March)
Victoria’s mother died.
1861 (14th December)
Prince Albert died of Typhoid fever. Victoria was devastated by his death.
1862 (1st July)
Victoria’s daughter, Princess Alice, married Louis IV Grand Duke of Hesse Darmstadt and the Rhine at Osborne House, Isle of Wight.
1863 (10th March)
Victoria’s son, Prince Albert Edward, married Alexandra, daughter of Christian IX, King of Denmark at St George’s Chapel, Windsor.
1863 (24th May)
Victoria’s son, Prince Alfred, was created a Knight of the Garter.
1865 (29th October)
John Russell took over as Prime Minister when Henry Temple, Viscount Palmerston died while in office.
1866 (24th May)
Victoria’s son, Prince Alfred, was created Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Kent and Earl of Ulster.
1866 (28th June)
Edward Stanley, Earl of Derby took over as Prime Minister when Russell’s Liberal government collapsed.
1866 (5th July)
Victoria’s daughter, Princess Helena, married Christian, Prince of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg at Windsor Castle.
1866 (during)
Victoria attended the State Opening of Parliament, her first public appearance since the death of Albert.
1867 (24th May)
Victoria’s son, Prince Arthur, was made a Knight of the Garter.
1868 (27th February)
Benjamin Disraeli took over as Prime Minister when Edward Stanley, Earl of Derby resigned due to ill health.
1868 (3rd December)
William Gladstone was elected Prime Minister of a Liberal government.
1869 (24th May)
Victoria’s son, Prince Leopold was made a Kinght of the Garter and her son Prince Arthur was made a Knight of the Thistle.
1871 (21st March)
Victoria’s daughter, Louise, married John Campbell, Marquess of Lorne at St George’s Chapel, Windsor.
1872 (29th February)
Assassination attempt failed
Arthur O’Connor ran up to the Queen’s carriage and aimed a pistol at her head. Although it was later determined the pistol was not loaded he was charged with treason and pleaded guilty. He was sentenced to a year in prison and 20 strokes with a birch rod.
1874 (23rd January)
Victoria’s son, Prince Alfred, married Marie Alexandrovna, daughter of Tsar Alexander II of Russia, in the Winter Palace, St Petersburg, Russia.
1874 (20th February)
Benjamin Disraeli won the General Election and became Prime Minister of a Conservative government.
1874 (24th May)
Victoria’s son, Prince Arthur, was made Duke of Connaught and Sussex.
1876 (1st May)
Victoria was declared Empress of India.
1877 (1st January)
Victoria was declared Empress of India in Delhi, India.
1875 (14th December)
Victoria’s daughter, Alice of Hesse, died of diptheria.
1879 (13th March)
Victoria’s son, Prince Arthur married Louise, daughter of Prince Frederick of Prussia at St George’s Chapel, Windsor.
1880 (23rd April)
William Gladstone won the General Election and became Prime Minister of a Liberal government.
1881 (14th May)
Victoria’s son, Prince Leopold was created Duke of Albany, Earl of Clarence and Baron Arklow.
1882 (2nd March)
Assassination attempt failed
Roderick McLean fired a shot at the Queen as she was leaving a train and getting into a carriage to take her to Windsor. He was arrested at the scene and tried for treason. He was acquitted of the charge on the grounds of insanity but was imprisoned indefinitely.
1882 (27th April)
Victoria’s son, Prince Leopold married Helene, daughter of George Victor, Prince of Waldeck-Pyrmont.
1884 (28th March)
Victoria’s son, Prince Leopold who was a haemophiliac, died following an accident in Cannes, France.
1885 (23rd June)
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, Marquess of Salisbury was elected Prime Minister of a minority Conservative government.
1885 (23rd July)
Victoria’s daughter, Princess Beatrice, married Prince Henry of Battenburg at Whippingham Church, Isle of Wight.
1886 (1st February)
William Gladstone took over as Prime Minister after Cecil’s minority Conservative government fell.
1886 (20th July)
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil Marquess of Salisbury won the General Election for the Conservatives. The election had been triggered by the Introduction of a Home Rule Bill by the Liberals.
1887 (21st June)
Golden Jubilee
A service of thanksgiving was held at Westminster Abbey to mark 50 years of reign.
1892 (15th August)
William Gladstone won the General Election and became Prime Minister of a minority Liberal government.
1893 (22nd August)
Victoria’s son, Alfred, became Duke of Saxe Coburg and Gotha following the death of his uncle, Ernest.
1894 (5th March)
Archibald Primrose took over as Prime Minister after William Gladstone resigned.
1895 (25th July)
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil won the General Election and became Prime Minister of a Conservative government.
1897 (during)
Diamond Jubilee
. Celebrations were held to mark 60 years of reign.
1901 (22nd January)
Queen Victoria died at Osborne House. She was succeded by her son, Edward.
1901 (2nd February)
A funeral service was held at St George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle. Queen Victoria was buried next to Prince Albert in the Frogmore Mausoleum at Windsor Great Park.

 

 

Published Dec 28, 2017 @ 4:12 pm – Updated – May 2, 2018 @ 2:52 pm

 

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2016). Queen Victoria 1819 – 1901. Available: https://www.totallytimelines.com/queen-victoria-1819-1901 Last accessed November 8th, 2018

 

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