Queen Victoria Timeline 1819-1901

Queen Victoria Info

Queen Victoria TimelineBorn – 24th May 1819
Died – 22nd January 1901
Father – Edward, Duke of Kent (1767 – 1820)
Mother – Victoria of Saxe-Saalfield-Coburg (1786 – 1861)
Spouse – m. 1840 Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1819 – 1861)
Children – Victoria (1840 – 1901), King Edward VII (1841 – 1910), Alice (1843 – 1878), Alfred (1844 – 1900), Helena (1846 – 1923), Louise (1848 – 1939), Arthur (1850 – 1942), Leopold (1853 – 1884), Beatrice (1857 – 1944)
Queen of England – 1837 – 1901
PredecessorWilliam IV – 1830 – 1837
SuccessorEdward VII – 1901 – 1910

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Queen Victoria Timeline

1819 (24th May)
Queen Victoria was born Alexandrina Victoria to Edward, Duke of Kent (fourth son of King George III) and Victoria Mary Louisa of Saxe-Saalfeld-Coburg at Kensington Palace, London. At the time of her birth she was fifth in line to the throne.
1819 (24th June)
Alexandrina Victoria was christened at Kensington Palace by the Archbishop of Canterbury. She was often called Drina by her family and as she grew older she preferred the name Victoria.
1820 (23rd January)
Alexandrina’s father, Edward, Duke of Kent died at Sidmouth. His death meant that Victoria became fourth in line to the throne throne.
1820 (29th January)
King George III died and was succeeded by his son George IV. The death of King George III meant that Alexandrina became third in line to the throne.
1827 (5th January)
Alexandrina’s uncle, Frederick, Duke of York, died. Alexandrina became second in line to the throne.
1830 (26th June)
King George IV died and was succeeded by his brother William IV. Alexandrina became heir to the throne.
1832 (during)
Princess Alexandrina Victoria went on a royal tour of Wales.
1836 (18th May)
Drina met her cousins, Albert and Ernest after they were invited for a stay by her mother.
1837 (24th May)
Alexandrina celebrated her eighteenth birthday. Her coming of age also meant that she would not need a regent to rule in her stead when she became queen.
1837 (20th June)
William IV died without children and Alexandrina became Queen. She chose to take the regnal name, Queen Victoria.
1838 (28th June)
Queen Victoria was crowned at Westminster Abbey. More than 400,000 people lined the streets to see the young queen.
1839 (February)
Victoria accused Lady Flora Hastings, one of her mother’s ladies in waiting who she disliked intensely, of becoming pregnant by Sir John Conroy, her mother’s partner who she also disliked. When it was revealed that Lady Flora was a virgin and her enlarged stomach was due to a tumour, Victoria lost popularity.
1839 (7th May)
Bedchamber Crisis
The Prime Minister, Lord Melbourne, who had closely advised Victoria since her accession, resigned. He advised Victoria to appoint the Tory Lord Peel as new Prime Minister. Peel requested that Victoria replace some of her Whig Ladies in Waiting with Tory Ladies. When Victoria refused he declined to accept the position of Prime Minister. Melbourne returned as Prime Minister fuelling claims that he and Queen Victoria were too close.
1839 (15th October)
Queen Victoria proposed to her cousin, Albert of Saxe Coburg and Gotha and he accepted her proposal.
1839 (16th December)
Albert was made a Knight of the Garter.
1840 (10th February)
Victoria married Albert in the Chapel Royal at St James’ Palace.
1840 (10th June)
Assassination attempt failed
Edward Oxford fired two shots at Queen Victoria and Prince Albert as they were travelling in their carriage along Constitution Hill. He was overpowered by spectators and handed to the police. He was tried for high treason and found guilty, but escaped execution on the grounds of insanity.
1840 (21st November)
A daughter Victoria Adelaide Mary Louise was born to Victoria and Albert at Buckingham Palace.
1840 (late)
Regency Act
This act, which made Prince Albert regent if Victoria died before her heir was 18 years old, was passed by Parliament.
1841 (22nd July)
Lord Melbourne’s Whig party were defeated in the General Election and Tory Robert Peel became Prime Minister.
1841 (9th November)
A son, Albert Edward (known as Bertie), was born to Victoria and Albert at Buckingham Palace. He was created Duke of Cornwall and Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, Lord of the Isles and Baron Renfrew from birth.
1841 (8th December)
Prince Albert Edward, was created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester.
1842 (during)
Victoria and Albert made a tour of Scotland.
1842 (30th May)
Assassination attempt failed
John Francis fired a shot at Queen Victoria and Prince Albert while they were travelling in a carriage. He was arrested at the scene. At his trial he was found guilty of high treason and sentenced to death. Queen Victoria commuted the sentence to transportation to Australia.
1842 (3rd July)
Assassination attempt failed
John William Bean, armed with a pistol, pushed his way to the front of a crowd waiting to see the Queen pass. He was seized by another spectator and handed to the police. He was charged with attempted assault, found guilty and sentenced to 18 months in jail.
1843 (during)
Victoria and Albert visited King King Louis Philippe I of France in Normandy.
1843 (25th April)
A daughter, Alice Maud Mary, was born to Victoria and Albert.
1844 (6th August)
A son, Alfred Ernest Albert, was born to Victoria and Albert at Buckingham Palace.
1845 (during)
Queen Victoria and Prince Albert bought Osborne House on the Isle of Wight.
1846 (23rd May)
A daughter, Helena Augusta Victoria, was born to Victoria and Albert at Buckingham Palace.
1847 (May)
Queen Victoria and Albert leased Balmoral Castle in Scotland after the former tenant died.
1846 (June)
Robert Peel resigned as Prime Minister after failing to gain support for a repeal of the Corn Laws. Whig Lord John Russell took over as Prime Minister.
1847 (26th August)
The Conservatives won the General Election but they didn’t have a majority so Whig Lord John Russell remained as Prime Minister.
1848 (during)
A daughter, Louise Caroline Alberta, was born to Victoria and Albert at Buckingham Palace.
1848 (April)
Fearful that the revolution in France which had led to the deposing of the French monarchy would spread to England, Queen Victoria and her family moved to Osborne House on the Isle of Wight for safety.
1849 (during)
Victoria and Albert made an official visit to Ireland.
1849 (13th May)
Assassination attempt failed
William Hamilton fired a shot at the Queen while she was travelling in a carriage along Constitution Hill. The would-be assassin was arrested at the scene and pleaded guilty. He was sentenced to be transported to Australia for seven years.
1850 (17th January)
Heir to the throne, Prince Albert Edward, was created Earl of Dublin.
1850 (1st May)
A son, Arthur William Patrick Albert, was born to Victoria and Albert at Buckingham Palace.
1850 (27th June)
Assassination attempt failed
Robert Pate ran up to a carriage the Queen was travelling in and hit her hard on the head with a black cane. He was arrested at the scene and charged with assaulting the Queen. He was found guilty and sentenced to transportation for seven years.
1851 (1st May)
The Great Exhibition
This celebration of art, science, trade and industry was opened by Queen Victoria at Crystal Palace, London. The exhibition was the idea of Prince Albert and was a great success.
1852 (during)
Queen Victoria and Prince Albert purchased Balmoral Castle in Scotland.
1852 (23rd February)
Edward Stanley, Earl of Derby won the General Election and became Prime Minister of a Conservative government.
1852 (19th December)
The Conservative government collapsed when the House of Commons failed to pass the Chancellor’s budget. George Gordon, Earl of Aberdeen became Prime Minister of a Peelite-Whig Coalition.
1853 (7th April)
A son, Leopold George Duncan Albert was born to Victoria and Albert at Buckingham Palace.
1853 (16th October)
Crimean War
War broke out in the Crimea after Russia took control of Turkish-controlled Romania.
1854 (March)
Crimean War
Britain and France, fearing Russian expansion south, allied with Turkey to push the Russians back.
1854 (20th September)
Crimean War – Battle of the Alma
This battle was a decisive victory for the allies.
1854 (17th October)
Crimean War – Siege of Sevastopol
The allies placed the city of Sevastopol under siege.
1854 (25th October)
Crimean War – Battle of Balaclava
The allies had hoped to easily gain control of the port and fortress of Sevastopol but were hampered by the Russian Army. During this indecisive battle a misinterpreted order led to the Charge of the Light Brigade which saw the Brigade decimated by the Russians.
1855 (30th January)
George Gordon, Prime Minister, resigned over the investigation into the Crimean War.
1855 (6th February)
Henry Temple, Viscount Palmerston, took over as Prime Minister of a minority government after George Gordon, Earl of Aberdeen resigned.
1855 (September)
Crimean War – Siege of Sevastapol
The Russians evacuated Sevastapol allowing the allies to take control.
1856 (30th March)
Treaty of Paris
This treaty formally ended the Crimean War. The Black Sea was declared a neutral zone, closed to warships and its shores were banned from containing fortifications or armaments.
1857 (14th April)
A daughter, Beatrice Mary Victoria Feodore, was born to Victoria and Albert at Buckingham Palace.
1857 (26th June)
Prince Albert was granted the title Prince Consort.
1858 (25th January)
Princess Victoria married Prince Frederick of Prussia at the Chapel Royal, St James’ Palace, London.
1858 (20th February)
Edward Stanley, Earl of Derby became Prime Minister of a Conservative government after the Whig government collapsed.
1858 (9th November)
Prince Albert Edward, heir to the throne was made a Knight of the Garter.
1859 (12th June)
Henry Temple, Viscount Palmerston won the General Election and became Prime Minister of a Liberal government.
1861 (March)
Victoria’s mother died. Queen Victoria went into mourning and Albert took over many of her royal duties.
1861 (late November)
Queen Victoria and Prince Albert learned that their eldest son, Bertie, heir to the throne, had had a liaison with Nellie Clifton and were furious. Although he was ill, Prince Albert visited Bertie at Cambridge to reprimand him.
1861 (14th December)
Prince Albert died of Typhoid fever. Queen Victoria was devastated by his death and blamed his death on her eldest son’s behaviour.
1862 (1st July)
Victoria’s daughter, Princess Alice, married Louis IV Grand Duke of Hesse Darmstadt and the Rhine at Osborne House, Isle of Wight.
1863 (10th March)
Victoria’s son, Prince Albert Edward, married Alexandra, daughter of Christian IX, King of Denmark at St George’s Chapel, Windsor.
1863 (24th May)
Prince Alfred, was created a Knight of the Garter.
1865 (29th October)
John Russell took over as Prime Minister when Henry Temple, Viscount Palmerston died while in office.
1866 (24th May)
Prince Alfred, was created Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Kent and Earl of Ulster.
1866 (28th June)
Edward Stanley, Earl of Derby took over as Prime Minister when Russell’s Liberal government collapsed.
1866 (5th July)
Victoria’s daughter, Princess Helena, married Christian, Prince of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg at Windsor Castle.
1866 (during)
Queen Victoria attended the State Opening of Parliament, her first public appearance since the death of Prince Albert.
1867 (24th May)
Prince Arthur, was made a Knight of the Garter.
1868 (27th February)
Benjamin Disraeli took over as Prime Minister when Edward Stanley, Earl of Derby resigned due to ill health.
1868 (3rd December)
William Gladstone was elected Prime Minister of a Liberal government.
1869 (24th May)
Prince Leopold was made a Knight of the Garter and Prince Arthur was made a Knight of the Thistle.
1871 (21st March)
Princess Louise, married John Campbell, Marquess of Lorne at St George’s Chapel, Windsor.
1872 (29th February)
Assassination attempt failed
Arthur O’Connor ran up to the Queen’s carriage and aimed a pistol at her head. Although it was later determined the pistol was not loaded he was charged with treason and pleaded guilty. He was sentenced to a year in prison and 20 strokes with a birch rod.
1874 (23rd January)
Prince Alfred, married Marie Alexandrovna, daughter of Tsar Alexander II of Russia, in the Winter Palace, St Petersburg, Russia.
1874 (20th February)
Benjamin Disraeli won the General Election and became Prime Minister of a Conservative government.
1874 (24th May)
Prince Arthur, was made Duke of Connaught and Sussex.
1876 (1st May)
Queen Victoria was declared Empress of India.
1875 (14th December)
Victoria’s daughter, Alice of Hesse, died of diphtheria.
1879 (13th March)
Prince Arthur married Louise, daughter of Prince Frederick of Prussia at St George’s Chapel, Windsor.
1880 (23rd April)
William Gladstone won the General Election and became Prime Minister of a Liberal government.
1881 (14th May)
Victoria’s son, Prince Leopold was created Duke of Albany, Earl of Clarence and Baron Arklow.
1882 (2nd March)
Assassination attempt failed
Roderick McLean fired a shot at Queen Victoria as she was leaving a train and getting into a carriage to take her to Windsor. He was arrested at the scene and tried for treason. He was acquitted of the charge on the grounds of insanity but was imprisoned indefinitely.
1882 (27th April)
Victoria’s son, Prince Leopold married Helene, daughter of George Victor, Prince of Waldeck-Pyrmont.
1884 (28th March)
Prince Leopold who was a haemophiliac, died following an accident in Cannes, France.
1885 (23rd June)
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, Marquess of Salisbury was elected Prime Minister of a minority Conservative government.
1885 (23rd July)
Victoria’s daughter, Princess Beatrice, married Prince Henry of Battenberg at Whippingham Church, Isle of Wight.
1886 (1st February)
William Gladstone took over as Prime Minister after Cecil’s minority Conservative government fell.
1886 (20th July)
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil Marquess of Salisbury won the General Election for the Conservatives. The election had been triggered by the Introduction of a Home Rule Bill by the Liberals.
1887 (21st June)
Golden Jubilee
A service of thanksgiving was held at Westminster Abbey to mark Queen Victoria reigning for 50 years.
1892 (15th August)
William Gladstone won the General Election and became Prime Minister of a minority Liberal government.
1893 (22nd August)
Victoria’s son, Alfred, became Duke of Saxe Coburg and Gotha following the death of his uncle, Ernest.
1894 (5th March)
Archibald Primrose took over as Prime Minister after William Gladstone resigned.
1895 (25th July)
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil won the General Election and became Prime Minister of a Conservative government.
1897 (during)
Diamond Jubilee
Celebrations were held to mark Queen Victoria’s 60 years of reign.
1901 (22nd January)
Queen Victoria died at Osborne House. She was succeeded by her son, Albert Edward who took the throne as King Edward VII.
1901 (2nd February)
A funeral service was held at St George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle. Queen Victoria was buried next to Prince Albert in the Frogmore Mausoleum at Windsor Great Park.

 

First published 2017; updated and republished Sept 01 2022 @ 3:14 pm – Updated – Sep 14, 2022 @ 2:29 pm

Harvard Reference for Queen Victoria Timeline:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2017 – 2022). Queen Victoria Timeline 1819-1901. Available: https://www.totallytimelines.com/queen-victoria-timeline-1819-1901 Last accessed September 14th, 2022