Royal Consorts of England and Britain 940 – Present

Prince PhilipThis timeline details all Royal Consorts of England and Britain from 940 to present day

The majority of royal consorts have been Queen consorts and are the wife of the reigning king.

To date there have been five married Queens. Of these, Mary I gave her husband the title King consort but he lost the title when she died. Mary II ruled jointly with her husband, William III and he remained King after her death. Anne, Victoria and Elizabeth II have given their husbands the title Prince Consort.

See also: Kings and Queens of England and Britain 827 – Present
Kings and Queens of Scotland 843 – Present Day

HOUSE OF WESSEX
Daughter of Wynflaed, father unknown
Married 1. King Edmund
Became Queen consort after marrying King Edmund in 940. She was the first Queen consort of all England. The counties of England had been united by Edmund’s half-brother Aethelstan but he was not married. Aelfgifu died on 18th May 944
Daughter of the Earldorman of Essex
Married 1. King Edmund 2. Ealdorman Aethelstan
Became Queen consort after marrying King Edmund in 945. Edmund was murdered on 26th May 946.
Daughter of Aethelgifu, father not known
Married King Eadwig
Became Queen consort when she married King Eadwig. She was not crowned and the marriage was annulled in 958 on the grounds that she and Eadwig were too closely related.
Daughter of the Ealdorman Ordmaer
Married King Edgar (the Peaceful)
Aelthelflaed became Queen consort when she married King Edgar in 961. She was divorced or died around 964.
Daughter of the Ealdorman of Devon
Married King Edgar (the Peaceful)
Aelfthryth became Queen consort when she married King Edgar in 964. She was crowned on 11th May 973 when Edgar was given a second coronation.
Daughter of Thored of Northumbria and Hilda
Married Aethelred II (the Unready)
Aelfgifu of York became Queen consort when she married Aethelred the Unready. She was not crowned. Little is known of her life apart from the births of children. She died in February 1002.
Daughter of Richard Duke of Normandy and Gunnor
Married 1. Aethelred II (the Unready) 2. King Canute
Emma became Queen consort of England when she married Aethelred the Unready in 1002. She was not crowned. The country faced repeated attacks from the Vikings and in December 1013 Sweyn Forkbeard took the English throne. Emma and her family fled to her relatives in Normandy.
HOUSE OF DENMARK
Sigrid – 25th December 1013 – 3rd February 1014
Parentage not known
Married to Sweyn Forkbeard
Sigrid was Queen consort during the brief rule of her husband, the Viking Sweyn Forkbeard.
HOUSE OF WESSEX
Daughter of Richard Duke of Normandy and Gunnor
Married 1. Aethelred II (the Unready) 2. King Canute
Emma was restored as Queen consort after Aethelred the Unready returned as King following the death of Sweyn Forkbeard. After Aethelred’s death in 1016 she remained in England and married King Canute in 1017.
Parentage not known
Married 1. Sigeferth 2. King Edmund II (Ironside)
Became Queen consort when Edmund became King of England in 1016. After the death of her husband her children Edward and Edmund were taken out of the country. It is now know whether she went with her children or remained in England.
HOUSE OF DENMARK
Daughter of Richard I, Duke of Normandy and Gunnor
Married 1. Aethelred the Unready 2. King Canute
Emma became Queen consort for the third time after she married King Canute on 2nd July 1017. After Canute’s death on 12th November 1035 she championed her son Harthacnut. When Harold I took the throne she exiled herself but returned in 1040 when her son, Harthacnut became King. In 1042 her son, Edward the Confessor became King. She spent much of her time in Winchester where she died on 6th March 1052.
HOUSE OF WESSEX
Aelfgifu – Autumn 1037 – 17th March 1040
Parentage not known
Married Harold I (Harefoot)
Very little is known of Aelfgifu. It is assumed she became Queen consort when her husband Harold, became King of England. There are no details of her life after the death of Harold on 17th March 1040.
Daughter of Earl Godwin of Wessex and Gytha Thorkelsdottir
Married King Edward (the Confessor)
Edith became Queen consort when she married King Edward the Confessor. She was not crowned. After Edward’s death her brother Harold became King. Following the Norman Conquest, William I allowed her to remain in England. She died on 18th December 1075.
Edith (Ealdgyth) of Mercia – March 1066 – 14th October 1066
Daughter of Aelfgar, Earl of Mercia and Aelfgifu
Married Harold II (Godwinson)
Ealdgyth became Queen consort after she married King Harold II in March 1066. She was not crowned. Harold was killed at the Battle of Hastings on 14th October 1066. Ealdgyth’s life after this date is not documented but it is believed she may have had Harold’s child or twins late 1066 or early 1067.
HOUSE OF NORMANDY
Daughter of Baldwin V of Flanders and Adela of France
Married King William I (the Conqueror)
Became Queen consort after William conquered England in 1066. She was crowned on 11th May 1068. Matilda died on 2nd November 1083.
Daughter of Malcolm III of Scotland and Margaret of Wessex
Married King Henry I
Became Queen consort when she married King Henry I. She was crowned on 14th November 1100. She was the sister of the last of the Saxon line, Edgar Atheling. Her name was changed from the Saxon Edith to the Norman Matilda. She retained the title until her death on 1st May 1118.
Adeliza of Louvain – 24th January 1121 – 1st December 1135
Daughter of Godfrey, Count of Leuven and Ida of Chiny
Married 1. King Henry I 2. William d’Aubigny, Earl of Arundel
Became Queen consort when she became the second wife of King Henry I. She was crowned on 30th January 1121. After Henry’s death in 1135 she spent time in Wilton Abbey before marrying William d’Aubigny, Earl of Arundel. She died on 24th March 1151.
Daughter of Eustace III of Boulogne and Mary of Scotland
Married King Stephen
Became Queen consort when Stephen took the throne of England. She was crowned on 22nd March 1136. She retained the title until her death on 3rd May 1152.
HOUSE OF PLANTAGENET
Daughter of William X, Duke of Aquitaine and Aenor de Chatellerault
Married 1. Louis VII of France 2.King Henry II
Became Queen consort when her second husband succeeded as King Henry II. They were jointly crowned on 19th December 1154. She and Henry became estranged and she was imprisoned from 1173 until Henry’s death on 6th July 1189. When Richard I became King she was released and acted as regent when Richard embarked on the Third Crusade. She remained influential during King John’s reign until she died on 1st April 1204.
Daughter of Sancho VI of Navarre and Sancha of Castile
Married King Richard I
Berengaria became Queen consort when she married King Richard I on 12th May 1191 in Cyprus. She was crowned on the same day. After her marriage she lived in Aquitaine. Richard died on 6th April 1199. Berengaria is the only Queen consort of England to have never set foot in England.
Daughter of Aymer of Angouleme and Alice of Courtenay
Married 1. King John 2. Hugh de Lusignan
Isabella became Queen consort when she married King John in 1200. She was crowned on 8th October 1200. After her husband’s death she married Hugh de Lusignan.
Daughter of Ramon Berenguer of Provence and Beatrice of Savoy
Married King Henry III
Eleanor became Queen consort when she married King Henry III. She was crowned a week later on 20th January 1236. After her husband’s death on 16th November 1272 she cared for her grandchildren. Around 1280 she retired to the convent at Amesbury where she died on 24th June 1291.
Daughter of Ferdinand III of Castile and Joan of Ponthieu
Married King Edward I
Eleanor became Queen consort after her husband succeeded as King Edward I. She was crowned in a joint ceremony with her husband on 19th August 1274. She retained the title until her death on 28th November 1290.
Daughter of Philip III of France and Marie of Brabant
Married King Edward I
Margaret became Queen consort of England when she married King Edward I on 10th September 1299. She was Edward’s second wife and was not crowned. She retained the title until her husband’s death on 7th July 1307. She lived away from court until her death on 14th February 1318.
Son of King Edward I and Eleanor of Castile
Married King Edward II
Isabella became royal consort when she married Edward II in 1308. She was crowned a month later on 25th February 1308. After her husband was deposed she acted as regent for her young son, Edward with her lover, Roger Mortimer. In 1330 Edward overthrew the regency and Mortimer was executed. Isabella lived in Norfolk until her death on 22nd August 1358.
Daughter of William I, Count of Hainaut and Joan of Valois
Married King Edward III
Became Queen consort when she married King Edward III. She was crowned on 18th February 1330. She retained the title until her death on 15th August 1369.
Daughter of Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor and Elizabeth of Pomerania
Married King Richard II
Became consort when she married King Richard II. She was crowned on 22nd January 1382. She retained the title until her death on 7th June 1394.
Daughter of Charles VI of France and Isabeau of Bavaria
Married 1. King Richard II 2. Charles of Orleans
Became consort when she married King Richard II. She was crowned on 8th January 1397. On 30th September 1399 Richard II was deposed by Henry IV and Isabella lost the title. She was imprisoned for two years then returned to France where she married Charles of Orleans. She died on 13th September 1409.
HOUSE OF LANCASTER
Daughter of Charles II of Navarre and Joan of Valois
Married 1. John, Duke of Brittany 2. King Henry IV (Bolingbroke)
Joan became Queen consort of England when she married King Henry IV. Henry was her second husband, her first was John IV, Duke of Brittany. She was crowned Queen of England on 26th February 1403. After the death of Henry IV her stepson became King Henry V. In 1419 she was accused of plotting to poison the King and imprisoned in Pevensey Castle. She was released in 1422 and lived in Nottingham until she died on 10th June 1437.
Daughter of Charles VI of France and Isabeau of Bavaria
Married 1. King Henry V 2. Owen Tudor
Became Queen consort when she married King Henry V. She was crowned on 23rd February 1421. After Henry V died on 31st August 1422 her infant son, Henry VI became King. Around 1427 Catherine began a secret relationship with Owen Tudor, the keeper of her wardrobe and they married. Their son Edmund was the father of King Henry VII. Catherine died in 1437.
Daughter of Rene of Anjou and Isabella of Lorraine
Married King Henry VI
Margaret became Queen consort when she married King Henry VI on 23rd April 1445. She was crowned on 30th May 1445. When Henry was deposed by Edward IV in 1461 she lost the title but regained it when he was restored on 3rd October 1470. Edward IV defeated Henry six months later and retook the throne. Henry VI was killed on 21st May. After her husband’s death Margaret was imprisoned until she was ransomed by Louis XI of France in 1475.
HOUSE OF YORK
Daughter of Richard Woodville, Earl Rivers and Jacquetta of Luxembourg
Married 1. Sir John Grey, 2. King Edward IV
Became Queen consort after marrying King Edward IV. She was crowned on 26th May 1465. She retained the title queen consort until her husband’s death on 9th April 1483. She was then known as the dowager queen until her death on 8th June 1492.
Daughter of Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick and Anne Beauchamp, Countess of Warwick
Married King Richard III
Became Queen consort when her husband became King Richard III. She and Richard were jointly crowned on 6th July 1483. She remained queen consort until her death on 16th March 1485.
HOUSE OF TUDOR
Daughter of King Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville
Married King Henry VII
Elizabeth became Queen consort when she married King Henry VII in January 1486. She was crowned after the birth of their first son, Arthur. She held the title until she died on 11th February 1503.
Daughter of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella of Castile
Married 1. Arthur Tudor 2. King Henry VIII
Catherine of Aragon became Queen of England when she married King Henry VIII on 11th June 1509. Catherine and Henry were jointly crowned on 24th June 1509. Henry VIII broke with Rome and formed the Anglican Church in order to divorce Catherine. The marriage was annulled on 23rd May 1533 and Catherine lost the title of Queen. However, she continued to style herself Queen of England until her death on 7th January 1536.
Daughter of Sir Thomas Boleyn and Elizabeth Howard
Married King Henry VIII
Henry VIII had married Anne Bolyen in January 1533 but Anne did not become Queen until the marriage was validated on 28th May 1533. She was crowned Queen on 1st June 1533. In May 1536 she was found guilty of treason and lost the title when her marriage was annulled on 17th May 1536. She was executed two days later.
Daughter of Sir John Seymour and Margery Wentworth
Married King Henry VIII
Jane Seymour was Henry VIII’s third wife. She was proclaimed Queen on 4th June 1536 but was not crowned. She remained Queen consort until her death on 24th October 1537
Daughter of John III Duke of Cleves and Maria of Julich-Berg
Married King Henry VIII
Anne of Cleves became Queen consort when she became King Henry VIII’s fourth wife. She was not crowned and only held the title for six months as the marriage was annulled in July 1540. Anne remained in England and was known as the King’s sister while he lived. After Henry VIII’s death Anne lost status and was less often at court. She died on 16th July 1557.
Daughter of Lord Edmund Howard and Joyce Culpeper
Married King Henry VIII 
Kathryn became Queen consort when she became King Henry VIII’s fifth wife. She was not crowned. Kathryn lost the title when she was found guilty of treason in November 1541. She was executed on 13th February 1542.
Daughter of Sir Thomas Parr and Maud Green
Married 1. Edward Burgh 2. John Neville 3. King Henry VIII 4. Thomas Seymour
Katherine became Queen consort when she became King Henry VIII’s sixth wife. She was not crowned and retained the title until Henry died in January 1547.
Son of Charles V Holy Roman Emperor and Isabella of Portugal
Married 1. Maria Manuela 2. Queen Mary I 3. Elisabeth of Valois 4. Anna of Austria
Became King consort after marrying Queen Mary I. He was not crowned and the marriage agreement stipulated that he would only hold the title of consort while the marriage lasted. He lost the title when Mary died in 1558.
HOUSE OF STUART
Daughter of Frederick II of Denmark and Sophie of Mecklenburg-Gustrow
Married King James I of England, VI of Scotland
Anne, Queen consort of Scotland, became Queen consort of England after her husband, James VI of Scotland became James I of England. She was crowned jointly with her husband on 25th July 1603. She remained consort until her death on 4th March 1619.
Daughter of King Henry IV of France and Marie de Medici
Married King Charles I
Henrietta Maria became Queen consort when she married King Charles I. She was not crowned. After her husband’s execution in January 1649 she remained in France until her son became Charles II in 1660. She returned to France to escape an outbreak of plague and died there on 10th September 1669
Daughter of John IV of Portugal and Luisa of Guzman
Married King Charles II
Became Queen consort when she married King Charles II in 1682. She was not crowned. After her husband’s death she returned to Portugal where she died on 31st December 1705.
Daughter of Alfonso IV, duke of Modena and Laura Martinozzi
Married King James II
Mary of Modena was the second wife of James, brother of King Charles II. She became Queen consort when her husband became King James II in 1685 and was jointly crowned with him on 23rd April 1685. She ceased to be Queen consort after James II was deposed by William III and Mary II who ruled jointly from 1688.
Son of Frederick III of Denmark and Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Luneburg
Married Queen Anne
Became royal consort when his wife, Anne became Queen in 1702. George was not crowned and was given the title Prince George. He remained consort until his death on 28th October 1708.
HOUSE OF HANOVER
Daughter of John, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach and Princess Eleonore of Saxe-Eisenach
Married King George II
Became Queen consort of Britain when her husband succeeded to the throne. She and her husband were jointly crowned on 11th October 1727. She remained consort until her death on 20th November 1737.
Daughter of Duke Charles of Mecklenburg and Princess Elisabeth of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Married King George III
Charlotte became Queen consort when she married King George III in September 1761. She was crowned two weeks after her marriage on 22nd September 1761. She remained consort until her death on 17th November 1818.
Daughter of Charles, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel and Princess Augusta
Married King George IV
Caroline became Queen consort when her husband became King in 1820. However, Caroline and George had been separated since 1796 but she refused to agree to a divorce. George banned her from the coronation ceremony and she was not crowned. However, she remained Queen consort until her death on 7th August 1821.
Daughter of George I Duke of Saxe-Meiningen and Princess Louise Eleanore of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
Married King William IV
Became Queen consort when her husband became King. She and William were jointly crowned on 8th September 1831. Adelaide remained consort until the death of her husband on 20th June 1837. She was styled Her Majesty Queen Adelaide until her death on 2nd December 1849
Son of Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Married Queen Victoria
Albert became consort after marrying Queen Victoria on 10th February 1840. He was given the title Prince Albert. He was not crowned and retained the position until he died in 1861.
HOUSE OF SAXE COBURG GOTHA
Daughter of Christian IX of Denmark and Princess Louise of Hesse-Kassel
Married King Edward VII
Became Queen Consort after the accession of her husband. She was crowned jointly with Edward VII on 9th August 1902. After Edward’s death in 1910 she became Queen mother until her own death on 20th November 1925.
HOUSE OF WINDSOR
Daughter of Francis Duke of Teck and Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge
Married King George V
Became Queen consort when her husband took the throne. She and George V were crowned in a joint ceremony on 22nd June 1911. After the death of her husband she was known as Queen mother until her death on 24th March 1953.
Daughter of Claude Bowes-Lyon and Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck
Married King George VI
Elizabeth became Queen consort when her husband became King George VI following the abdication of his brother, Edward VIII. She was crowned on 12th May 1937 jointly with her husband. After the death of King George VI she was known as the Queen Mother until she died on 30th March 2002.
Son of Priince Andrew of Greece and Alice of Battenberg
Married Elizabeth II
Philip married Princess Elizabeth in 1947. When she became Queen in 1952 he took the role of consort and the title Prince Philip. He has not been crowned.

 

Published Jul 01, 2020 @ 5:25 pm – Updated – Oct 14, 2020 @ 2:55 pm

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2020). Royal Consorts of England and Britain 940 – Present Day. Available: https://www.totallytimelines.com/royal-consorts-of-england-and-britain-940-present-day Last accessed October 20th, 2020