This timeline details all Kings and Queens of Spain from 1479 to present day.
Prior to 1479 the separate regions of Spain: Aragon, Asturias, Castile, Galicia, Leon and Navarre had their own kings and queens and were independent of each other. Gradually these regions were conquered by Castile or Aragon. After 1479 the houses of Castile and Aragon were jointly ruled marking the beginning of the Kingdom of Spain. They remained separate entities until 1716.
Father – King Juan (John) II of Aragon
Mother – Juana Enriquez
Spouse – Isabella of Castile
Children – Isabella, Juan, Joanna, Maria, Catalina (Catherine of Aragon)
King of Spain 1475 – 1516
Ruled jointly with Isabella of Castile 1475 – 1504
Successor – Charles I – 1516 – 1556
Father – Charles V Holy Roman Emperor
Mother – Isabella of Portugal
Spouses – Maria Manuela, Mary I of England, Elisabeth of Valois, Anna of Austria
Children – by Maria – Don Carlos; by Elisabeth – Isabella, Catherine; by Anna – Ferdinand, Carlos, Diego, Philip, Maria
King of Spain – 1556 – 1596
Preceded by – Charles I
Succeeded by – Philip III
This timeline details the main causes and events of the Spanish Armada
Please note: the dates used in this timeline are those that were in use in England in 1588. In Spain the change from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar occurred in 1582, in England the change did not take place until 1752. The change in calendar meant that the following day jumped forward by 10 days and explains why some sources date the events of the Armada 10 days later than those used here.