Prime Ministers of Australia 1901 – Present

Prime Ministers of Australia - Scott Morrison

A Timeline of Prime Ministers of Australia from 1901 to present day

In 1788 British ships arrived in Sydney, New South Wales and a penal colony was established. Over the next hundred years more colonies were established, each ruled by a Governor responsible to the British Parliament. Each colony had its own laws and travelling from one colony to another meant passing through border controls. At the end of the nineteenth century, after several years of campaigning, the six colonies decided to come together as the Federation of Australia. A constitution was drawn up and approved by the British Parliament and Queen Victoria. The Federation of Australia came into effect on 1st January 1901.

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Taoiseach (Prime Minister) of Ireland 1919 – Present

Leo Varadker Taoiseach Prime Minister of Ireland

A Timeline of Taoiseach (Prime Minister) of Ireland from 1919 to present day

In January 1919, members of Sinn Féin refused to take their seats in Westminster. Instead they formed their own parliament Dáil Éireann and pushed for self-governance. The Anglo-Irish Treaty of December 1921 granted self-government to 26 counties of Ireland, to be named the Irish Free State, while the other 6 counties in the north remained a part of the United Kingdom. The treaty included a clause which stated that the government of Ireland had to swear allegiance to the British monarch. Members of Sinn Féin, including leader Éamon de Valera refused to take this oath and did not take their seats in government. In 1931 the Statute of Westminster passed full authority to the Irish Free State. Éamon de Valera founded a new party Fianna Fáil and when he was elected he abolished the Oath of Allegiance. In 1937 de Valera changed the constitution and the Irish Free State became Ireland. In 1949 Ireland became the Republic of Ireland.

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Catherine the Great 1729 – 1796

Catherine the GreatFather – Christian August, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst
Mother – Princess Johanna Elisabeth of Holstein-Gottorp
Spouse – Tsar Peter III of Russia
Children – Paul
Empress of Russia – 1725 – 1727
Preceded by – Peter III – 1762
Succeeded by Paul I – 1796 – 1801

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Marc Antony 83 BCE – 30 BCE

Marc AntonyFather – Marcus Antonius Creticus
Mother – Julia Antonia
Spouses – Antonia Minor, Fulvia, Octavia Minor, Cleopatra
Children – Antonia Prima, Marcus Antonius Antyllus, Lullus Antonius, Antonia Major, Antonia Minor, Alexander Helios, Cleopatra Selene II, Ptolemy Philadelphus


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Kings and Queens of Scotland and Britain 843 to Present Day

Kings and Queens of ScotlandThis timeline details all Kings and Queens of Scotland from 843 to present day

From 1603 England, Wales and Scotland have shared Kings and Queens

See also – Kings and Queens of England 827 – Present Day

Read moreKings and Queens of Scotland and Britain 843 to Present Day