The American Dream – United States of America 1915 – 1988

This timeline details the main events in twentieth century United States of America History and is linked to the A-Level topic In Search of the American Dream: The USA c.1917 – 1996 1915 (during) The United States of America was 126 years old. Its system of government was well established and its policies gave rise … Read more

Prime Ministers of Australia 1901 – Present

Prime Ministers of Australia - Scott Morrison

A Timeline of Prime Ministers of Australia from 1901 to present day

In 1788 British ships arrived in Sydney, New South Wales and a penal colony was established. Over the next hundred years more colonies were established, each ruled by a Governor responsible to the British Parliament. Each colony had its own laws and travelling from one colony to another meant passing through border controls. At the end of the nineteenth century, after several years of campaigning, the six colonies decided to come together as the Federation of Australia. A constitution was drawn up and approved by the British Parliament and Queen Victoria. The Federation of Australia came into effect on 1st January 1901.

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Prohibition in America, Causes and Events 1789 – 1933

This timeline is a chronology of the causes and events of Prohibition in America Causes 1789 (during) A group of farmers formed a Temperance association. They had been influenced by ‘The Inquiry into the Effects of Ardent Spirits upon the Human Body and Mind’ which had been published in 1784 by the physician Benjamin Rush. … Read more

Boris Johnson 1964 – Present

Born – 19th June 1964 Father – Stanley Johnson (1940 – ) Mother – Charlotte Fawcett (1942 – ) Partners – 1. Allegra Mostyn-Owen (m. 1987), 2. Marina Wheeler (m. 1993), 3. Carrie Symonds (engaged) Children – by Marina Wheeler – Lara Lettice (b. 1993), Milo Arthur (b. 1995), Cassia Peaches (b. 1997); by Carrie … Read more

Thomas Jefferson 1743 – 1826

Thomas Jefferson

Father – Peter Jefferson
Mother – Jane Randolph
Spouses – Martha Wayles Skelton
Children – Martha (Patsy), Jane, unnamed son, Mary (Polly), Lucy Elizabeth, Lucy Elizabeth
President of the United States – 1801 – 1809
Predecessor – John Adams 1797 – 1801
Successor – James Madison 1809 – 1817

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Joseph Kennedy Sr 1888 – 1969

Born – 6th September 1888 Died – 18th November 1969 Father – Patrick Joseph Kennedy (1858 – 1929) Mother – Mary Augusta Hickey (1857 – 1923) Spouse – m. 1914 – Rose Fitzgerald (1890 – 1995) Children – Joseph Jr (1915 – 1944), John (1917 – 1963), Rosemary (1918 – 2005), Kathleen (1920 – 1948), … Read more

American Civil Rights Movement 1865 – 1968

 This timeline details the main events of the American Civil Rights Movement 1865 (31st January) 13th Amendment This amendment to the United States Constitution abolished slavery. However, particularly in the southern states, black Americans were still subject to discrimination by white supremacists and state laws known as Black Codes. These codes were enacted by individual … Read more

Taoiseach (Prime Minister) of Ireland 1919 – Present

Michael Martin

A Timeline of Taoiseach (Prime Minister) of Ireland from 1919 to present day

In January 1919, members of Sinn Féin refused to take their seats in Westminster. Instead they formed their own parliament Dáil Éireann and pushed for self-governance. The Anglo-Irish Treaty of December 1921 granted self-government to 26 counties of Ireland, to be named the Irish Free State, while the other 6 counties in the north remained a part of the United Kingdom. The treaty included a clause which stated that the government of Ireland had to swear allegiance to the British monarch. Members of Sinn Féin, including leader Éamon de Valera refused to take this oath and did not take their seats in government. In 1931 the Statute of Westminster passed full authority to the Irish Free State. Éamon de Valera founded a new party Fianna Fáil and when he was elected he abolished the Oath of Allegiance. In 1937 de Valera changed the constitution and the Irish Free State became Ireland. In 1949 Ireland became the Republic of Ireland.

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Robert (Bobby) Kennedy 1925 – 1968

Born – 20th November 1925 Died – 6th June 1968 Father – Joseph Kennedy (1888 – 1969) Mother – Rose Fitzgerald (1890 – 1995) Spouse – m. 1950 – Ethel Skakel (b. 1928) Children – Kathleen (b. 1951), Joseph (b. 1952), Robert Jr (b. 1954), David (1955 – 1984), Courtney (b. 1956), Michael (1958 – … Read more

Nikolai Bukharin 1888 – 1938

Born – 27th September 1888 Died – 15th March 1938 – executed Father – Ivan Gavrilovich Bukharin Mother – Liubov Ivanovna Bukharin Spouses – Esfir Gurvich; m. 1934 – Anna Larina (1914 – 1996) Children –  by Esfir – Svetlana (1922 -2003); by Anna Larina – Yuri Larin (b. 1936)  Known to History – Bolshevik revolutionary … Read more

Leon Trotsky 1879 – 1940

Born – 7th November 1879 Died – 21st August 1940 Father – David Leontyevich Bronstein (1847-1922) Mother – Anna Lvovna (1850-1910) Spouses – m. 1899 div. 1902 – Aleksandra Sokolovskaya (1872 – 1938); m. 1903 – Natalia Sedova (1882 – 1962) Children – by Aleksandra – Zinaida Volkova (1901 – 1933), Nina Nevelson (1902 – … Read more

Weimar and Nazi Germany 1918 – 1945

This timeline details the main events in Weimar and Nazi Germany from 1918 – 1945 Weimar Republic 1918 (9th November) Kaiser Wilhelm abdicated and Germany was declared a Republic. A provisional coalition government was formed. It was made up of SPD (German Social Democratic Party) and USPD (Independent German Social Democratic Party) members under the … Read more

Peace and War: International Relations 1900 – 1939

This timeline details the main events covered in the first 40 years of the twentieth century, including World War One and the Inter War Years, and is linked to the GCSE topic Peace and War: International Relations 1900 – 1939 1879 (7th October) The Dual Alliance This was an alliance made between Germany and Austria-Hungary … Read more